Module 6 Topic 1


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Module 6 Topic 1

  1. 1. Module 6<br />Topic 1 – Passive Voice<br />
  2. 2. Module 6 Outline<br />Review of previous module<br />Grammar: Passive Voice<br />Writing: Revising your own writing<br />Writing Assignments<br />Revise Mini-Case Study – Responding to a Request for Proposal<br />Timed Writing: Strategic Planning<br />
  3. 3. Review of previous modules<br />At the bottom of this page, look for a link to upload your Module 4 & 5 feedback documents after you have addressed the comments. I hope that you found the comments helpful. Please do not hesitate to contact me with questions.<br />In order for me to provide useful feedback, I will need your best writing. Please make sure that you allocate enough time to complete all the assignments. <br />
  4. 4. Review of the 3rd Conditional<br />In the last module, you were asked to write about, a online shopping company, that had made some mistakes when launching a new website.<br />Since these mistakes were made in the past and had already occurred, you use to 3rd conditional to write about what they could have or should have done.<br />If + past perfect, sub. + would/might/could have + past part.<br />The 1st and 2nd conditionals are used with future or unreal situations.<br />
  5. 5. Let’s begin this module….<br />
  6. 6. Passive Voice<br />In Module 2, we learned about the 12 active verb tenses. This module will focus on the passive voice of the same verb tenses.<br />Compare the following two sentences.<br />Yesterday, the CEO shut down all the retail branches.<br />Yesterday, all the retail branches were shut down.<br />Who is the person who did the action? - The CEO<br />Who is the receiver? – All the retail bank branches<br />Since we want the receiver of the action to be the main focus of this sentence, it is better to use the passive voice. <br />All the retail bank branches were shut down.<br />When the receiver of the action is the subject of the sentence, the passive verb form should be used.<br />
  7. 7. The by-agent<br />We use the passive voice when the person doing the action or “doer” of the action is unknown, unimportant, or obvious. <br />The files have been stolen. (unknown)<br />Our product is being sold around the world. (unimportant)<br />The thief was arrested by the police officers. (obvious)<br />We often use passive to write about processes or procedures in which the doer or agent is unimportant.<br />The cars are assembled (by workers) in a factory in China.<br />If we know who performed the action and want to include it in the sentence, we use “by + the doer or agent” at the end of the sentence.<br />All manual orders must be signed off by a manager. <br />
  8. 8. Passive Verb Forms<br />*PP = Past Participle / The perfect continuous tenses are not commonly written in the passive voice.<br />
  9. 9. Passive Usage<br />We use the passive to write in a more formal style because it is less personal than the active. It is often used in reports, minutes, and business correspondence.<br />The negative impact on the company’s stock price was not expected.<br />Using ‘it’ as the subject enables us to avoid mentioning the person responsible for saying or doing something.<br />It was agreed that all the action items would be completed by the next meeting.<br />HOWEVER, when writing for the CPA exam, be direct and write most sentence in an active voice. Writing for a test is not the same as writing in the real world.<br />
  10. 10. Verbs that cannot be passive<br />Some verbs do not take an object; therefore, they can not be used in the passive voice.<br />For example: appear, disappear, occur, vanish, have, become, emerge, resemble, weigh, sleep, collide, happen, seem, collapse, lie, consist of, look, take place, rise<br />Most stative verbs do not take the passive form.<br />For example: think, know, believe, want, need, understand, recognize, forget, remember, belong, own, possess, resemble, exist, complain<br />
  11. 11. Go to the practice activities….<br />