Complex and contested governance particularly in the context of constitutional measures -18th constitutional amendment and devolution to provincesEmergence of new institutional structures at the federal level to tackle the issues related to policy jurisdiction of the federation – capacity gap at both, federal and provincial levelsWith an estimated damage of over US$ 9 billion, the devastating floods in mid-2010 further added to the economic and political woes. Development context in the aftermath of floods have considerably changed in terms of priorities of external partnersThe conflict in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) led to one of the worst security crises in Pakistan’s history, displacing millions of people and disrupting public services. Post-crisis support for KP and FATA has become a significant development priority for government and donorsEstablishment of Capital Administration and Development Division - To start with as many as 20 federal government departments previously existing under ministries of environment, health, education, culture, livestock, population, special education, youth affairs and tourism have been placed under the CADDGovernment funding is insufficient and hence reliance on donor for WSS is obviousThe story line converges to …… The resulting uncertainty has also created a situation lacking clarity in institutional mandates, structures, roles and capacities to provide improved WSS services. WSP-SA is ideally placed to support its clients within the devolving municipal sector and to the new public structures lacking knowledge and capacities
Water and Sanitation Program
Water and Sanitation Program - PakistanSyeda Maheen ZehraFebruary 18 2013 NCRD
Pakistan at a glancePopulatio 173 millionn Complex and contested governance -18thPovertyline 36% < $ 1.25 constitutional amendmentAccess to 92% Emergence of new institutional structuresWaterUrban 95% Catastrophes – Floods damage of US$ 9 billionRural 91% Security crisis – FATAAccess toSanitatio 78% Government spends < 0.2% of GDP on WSSnUrban 98%Rural 67% 2
WaterUrban sprawl is reducing% household connectionsdespite investments % household connections are steadily increasing but are deplorably low • Pakistan is on its way to meet MDGs • Quantity is not the problem – QUALITY is! • <25% receive safe water and 200,000 children die each year due to water related diseases 3
90 80 70 Sanitation 60 50 40 Over All 30 Latrine 20 10 Coverage 0 Baluchis Pakista PSLM 2006- Sindh NWFP Punjab tan n 07 Flush 25 55 52 64 58 Non-Flush 52 30 17 5 15 No Toilets 23 15 31 31 27 Acces to Toilets 73 85 69 69 73 Total economic $ 5.8 billion6000 cost of poor sanitation for4000 the year 2006 was estimated 2000 $ 262 million as 395.34 $ 374 million billion PKR 0 $ 88 million (6.449 billion USD) which is Health costs Water costs equivalent to Other 4.53% of GDP welfare Tourism in Pakistan 4
WSP Overview WSP is an international partnership administered by the World Bank with 30 years of experience WSP provides technical assistance, policy advice, and capacity building in over 24 countries to improve access to water and sanitation services for the poor. Operates globally with regional offices in Africa, East Asia and the Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, and South Asia. 5
The 6 Global Business Areas1. Scaling up rural sanitation and hygiene2. Creating Sustainable Services through DPSP3. Supporting poor-inclusive WSS sector reform4. Targeting the urban poor and improving services in small towns5. Mitigating and adapting WSS delivery to climate change impacts6. Delivering WSS services in fragile states2 WSP may not only be seen as a water andsanitation organization but we are very much into governance and accountability 6
WSP in Pakistan WSP is a sector-level policy advisory unit: • As a think-tank, we provide evidence based advice on sector reforms • As a partnership platform, we seek to create links between organizations • Demand responsive & strategic engagement We bring a holistic view of WSS sector: “Fix the institutions that fix the pipes” 7
WSP and Rural Water and Sanitation Undertaking initiatives that are primarily focused on women e.g. community led total sanitation (CLTS) Providing training to government agencies and service providers Providing training to and facilitating peer learning amongst community groups Piloting innovative approaches for social mobilization with a focus on women’s special needs e.g. barefoot consultants 8
Story of LakshmiCommunity Activist in SumaroTrained for triggering Open Defecation Free BehaviorEarning 5000 rupees a month as a barefoot consultant for TRDP 9
End note….WSP holds CLTS conclave where community actors who havecontributed to make their villages open defecation free wererewarded – not surprisingly women claimed a high share ofrewards 10
750,000 people inover 670 villages in Pakistan are nolonger exposed to the indiscriminatedisposal of human excreta.
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