English grammar


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English grammar

  1. 1. English Grammar Basics
  2. 2. Objective 2 To speak correct English Develop and adapt the right speaking skills and strategies in both formal and informal atmosphere Using Grammar accurately and appropriately
  3. 3. 3 Articles Verbs Tenses Sentence Construction Topics
  4. 4. 4 Definition: Articles are used to clarify if a noun is specific or if a noun is not specific There are 2 kinds of articles: Definite articles - are used for specific nouns "The" - is a definite articles Indefinite articles - are used for non specific nouns "A- An" are indefinite articles It is used to refer to a noun that is not something or someone specific such as a pen, an apple, a bus Articles
  5. 5. 5 I see a dog in the street * The girls see the big black dog on the other side of the street ** Please bring me a pen* Please bring me the black pen that is on my desk** I think that is a teacher from the school* I think that is the math teacher** *A refers to something that is not specific, it is not clear or important as to which dog, pen or teacher ** The refers to a specific pen "the black pen" not just any pen, "the big black dog" not just any dog, and "math teacher" not just any teacher Examples
  6. 6. 6 a) Writing is just having ______ sheet of paper, ______pen, ______ not a shadow of _____ idea what you are going to say a) _____good coach is _______understanding tyrant _____ a hard-headed friend b) _____ black dog is outside ______building c) I am going to _____ post office d) There is ____ dog outside _____ building Practice Fill in the blanks with a, an, & the
  7. 7. 7 Definition: The part of speech that describes an action or occurrence or indicates a state of being. Typically used to indicate an action The verb is king in English. The shortest sentence contains a verb. You can make a one-word sentence with a verb, for example: "Stop!“ The doctor wrote the prescription (In this example, the word "wrote" is a verb. It expresses the action 'to write') Alison bought a ticket (The word "bought" is a verb. It expresses the action 'to buy') Verb
  8. 8. 8  I gracefully ________(jump) over the old rotten log  Liz_______ (run) as fast as she could to the store  The fire______(start) in the basement in a pile of rags  The world___________ (revolve) around the sun in 364 days  The newborn baby_________ (cry) for most of the evening  Roger________ (stand) up to recite the Pledge  A thief_______ (enter) Sunil’s house last night  I _______ (go) to the park with my friends last week  I ______ (meet) him at the bus stand yesterday  Rohit ______ (sing) a song at the party last evening Practice
  9. 9. 9 Definition: Tense is a grammatical category that locates a situation in time, that indicates when the situation takes place Tenses are broadly classified as present, past, or future Tenses
  10. 10. 10 Past Present Future Simple Past Simple Present Future I Simple He played football every Tuesday He plays football every Tuesday He will / is going to play football every Tuesday He played football and then he went home He plays football and then he goes home He will play football and then he will go home He loved football He loves football He will love football Past Progressive Present Progressive Future I Progressive He was playing football He is playing football He will be playing football He was playing football and she was watching He is playing football and she is watching He will be playing football and she will be watching Examples
  11. 11. 11 1. Alex didn't come to see the film last night because he _____ it before a) saw b) had seen c) has seen d) was seen 2. A cold wind _____ for the last three days a) has been blowing b) blows c) is blowing d) Blew 3. I _____ as ill as I do now for a long time. a) wasn't feeling b) haven't been feeling c) didn't feel d) haven't felt Practice
  12. 12. 12 4. She said she _____ to me, but she didn't a) would have written b) will have written c) would write d) will write 5. If he _____ lucky, he would get the job a) is b) had been c) would be d) would have been 6. She told him that if he _____ his promise, she _____ speak to him again a) break - would never b) break - will never c) broke - will never d) broke - would never Practice
  13. 13. 13 Definition: The arrangement of words to form a meaningful phrase, clause, or a sentence The way in which something is built or put together A sentence is a group of words which starts with a capital letter and ends with a full stop (.), question mark (?) or exclamation mark (!) Sentence Construction
  14. 14. 14  “Hooray!”shouted Henry, quickly as he climbed up a tall tree. Henry shouted “Hooray!” as he quickly climbed up a tall tree.  Mark birthday present When will you ? his give When will you give Mark his birthday present?  like come us dinner to Would have and you tomorrow? With Would you like to come and have dinner with us tomorrow?  but friends beer doesn't. like wife my My My friends like beer but my wife doesn't  library, at them read ? many are books all you interesting There have the There are many interesting books at the library. Have you read them all? Examples
  15. 15. 15  go the should park we all to  their check breathing  the blue eyes had blue bird  baby’s sat on he crib the  had neck around a bell its bird the  beans of freezer out of she took the bag the Practice
  16. 16. Thank you Don’t just speak English___ Speak correct English! Mansi McArthur