Marriage & personality

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  • 1. COMPILED BY: Mannat Sood Mansa Vig Rashi Sahai Sonali Barthwal Yashvi Bhatnagar
  • 2. The present investigation tested the relations between the Big Five dimensions of personality and the marital compatibility of over 15 couples using the Neo-5 (1991) developed by Costa and McCrae Marriage Scale (1975) developed by White. The major findings emerged from these analyses are: First, correlation between neuroticism and compatibility of the marriage were not significant. Second, self-reports of extraversion were positively correlated compatibility of the marriage for males. Third, self-reports of openness correlated with marriage compatibility were insignificant. For husbands zero correlation was found between the two variables. Fourth, self-reports of agreeableness were positively correlated compatibility of the marriage for both males and females. Fifth, conscientiousness positively correlated with marriage compatibility for both males and females.
  • 3. The purpose of the present study was to test the relations between the Big Five dimensions of personality and the marital compatibility.
  • 4.  Personality refers to individual differences in characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving.  Personality is everything that makes you an individual. It is the integration and interaction of your genetic inheritance, your experience, and your ways of relating the two.  The Big Five traits are Openness, Conscientiousness, Extroversio n, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism (OCEAN).
  • 5.  Oxford dictionary defines marriage as the formal union of a man and a woman, typically as recognized by law, by which they become husband and wife. In other words, marriage is the social institution under which a man and woman establish their decision to live as husband and wife by legal commitments, religious ceremonies, etc.  Compatibility simply means the capability to exist or live together in harmony
  • 6. Marriage Compatibility will correlate negatively with Neuroticism for both the wives and husbands.  Marriage Compatibility will correlate positively with Extraversion for both the wives and husbands.  Marriage Compatibility will correlate positively with Openness to experience for both the wives and husbands.  Marriage Compatibility will correlate positively with Agreeableness for both the wives and husbands.  Marriage Compatibility will correlate positively with Conscientiousness for both the wives and husbands. 
  • 7. For the purpose of the studying the relation between personality factors and marriage compatibility 15 married couples were selected using convenient sampling method. The study was conducted on couples residing in Delhi and NCR
  • 8. Both the tests were administered on 15 couples, i.e. 30 individuals. The individuals were selected using convenient sampling technique in Delhi and NCR.
  • 9. The raw scores of the two tests were obtained using the scoring methods given in the manuals. For statistical analysis, Pearson’s correlation coefficient was used in order to find if the traits were related to marriage compatibility as hypothesized.
  • 10. neuroticism male -0.11 extraversion openness agreeableness female male female male female male female -0.20 0.53 0.36 0.00 0.31 0.41 0.46 conscientiousness male 0.32 Female 0.41
  • 11.  The first factor was Neuroticism, as per the hypothesis, it was expected that there will be a negative correlation between neuroticism of partners and their marital compatibility.  The second factor was Extraversion, as per the hypothesis, it was expected that there will be a Positive correlation between extraversion and marriage compatibility.
  • 12.  The third factor was Openness to experience and according to the hypothesis, there will be a positive correlation between marriage compatibility and openness to experience. As per the Result table 1, there was no correlation between the two variables for husbands, i.e. zero correlation value.  The fourth factor was Agreeableness of partners and as hypothesized there is a positive correlation between marriage compatibility and agreeableness.
  • 13.  The fifth and the final factor was Conscientiousness, according to the hypothesis there would be a positive correlation between conscientiousness and marriage compatibility. The value of correlation for females was found out to be 0.41 which signifies a positive relationship between the two variables for wives.
  • 14. The results of the study show that the compatibility of a married couple is likely to depend, to some extent, on the personality (i.e., the enduring traits and characteristics), of the individual spouses.
  • 15.  The study sample could have been increased as the larger the sample, the richer are the results.  The data was collected using the convenient sampling technique.  The age of the sample was not considered, i.e. there was no age limit in order to participate in the study.  The tests were not administered in a standard test taking environment.
  • 16.  Allport, G.W. (1937). Personality- A psychological interpretation. New York: Henry Holt & Company.  Costa, P. T., Jr., & McCrae, R. R. (1985). The NEO personality inventory manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.  Donnellan, M. B, Conger,R. D. & Bryant, C.M. (2007).The big five and enduring marriages. Journal of Research in Personality, Volume 39, Issue 1, pg 206-207.  Jackson, B., Dimmock, J.A., Gucciardi, D.F. & Grove, J.R. (2010). Personality traits and relationship perceptions. Personality and individual differences, Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 222–230.  Karney, B.R. (2002). Personality and Marriage. International Encyclopedia of Social & Behavioral Sciences, Florida: U.S.A.  Malouff, J.M., Thorsteinsson, E.B., Schutte, N.S., Bhullar, N. & Rooke, S.E. (2009). The Five-Factor Model of personality and relationship satisfaction of intimate partners: A meta-analysis. Journal of Research in Personality, Volume 44, Issue 1, February 2010, Pages 124–127.  Russell, R.J.H. & Wells, P.A.(2002). Personality similarity and quality of marriage. Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 12, Issue 5, Pages 407–412.  White, J.K. & Hendrick, S.S. (2003). Big five personality variables and relationship constructs. Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 37, Issue 7, Pages 1519– 1530.  White, J.G. (1975). Marriage Scale (For measuring Compatibility of Interests) Manual. U.S.A.: Psychologists & Educators, Inc.