Nano computing
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Nano computing

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Nano computing Nano computing Presentation Transcript

  • Nano Computing
  • What is nano computing?
    • Nano computing describes computing that uses extremely small, or nano scale, devices.
    • Nano computing come from two sources:
    • It will be integrated into existing products and technology (disk drives, for example).
    • Fundamentally new products, software, and architectures will be developed.
  • Why bother?
    • Nano computing change the computer industry in many ways.
    • Existing technologies, like memory and backing storage, will become even more plentiful than they already are.
    • New technologies will be created to replace obsolete machines.
    • New standards and architectures will be needed to make use of the new systems when they are created .
    • All of this requires enormous effort and resources. So why bother?
  • Types of nano computers
    • Nano electronic computers
    • Nano mechanical computers
    • Nano chemical and biochemical computers
    • Nano Quantum computers
  • Basic terms
    • Quantum-Computer : A quantum computer is a machine, that performs calculations based on the behavior of particles at the sub-atomic level .
    • Qubits : Engineers have coined the term qubit ( pronounced KYEW - bit ) to denote the fundamental data unit in a quantum computer.
  • Basic terms (contd…)
    • Teleportation : it involves dematerializing an object at one point, and sending the details of that object's precise atomic configuration to another location, where it will be reconstructed.
    • Quantum mechanics : a quantum computer involves quantum mechanics quantum computer uses subatomic particles, such as electrons and protons, to solve problems
  • Devices of nano computing ipad, iPhone, HP Slate, Android devices like ICD Gemini etc
  • How nano computing works?
    • Nano computer would work by storing data in the form of atomic quantum states or spin. (SEM and quantum dots)
    • There are several methods of nano electronic data storage currently being researched. Among the most promising are set electron transistors and quantum dots.
    • All of these devices function based upon the principles of quantum mechanics…
  • Potential
    • The simple answer is that it should be worth it
    • Nano computers could be small enough to fit in a jacket pocket and still have enough storage to fit all of today’s Internet and more
    • The same computer would have processing capabilities surpassing today’s super computers by far.
    • Not for at least 15 years, though.
  • Risks in nano computing
    • Electrons scientists need to develop new circuits to cope with nano circuits working with carbon nano tubes.
    • The transistors will be 100 times smaller than the thickness of human hair.
    • The ultra capacitors produces high heat till today there is no remedy given to cool it.
  • Application of nano technologies
        • Washing machine that inhibits bacterial growth it washes the cloths.
        • It is on the market today and 60% of cars these fuel lines.
        • They make a refrigerator.
        • Contact lens that let you check your blood sugar level by looking at a mirror.
  • Advantages
    • High computing performance
    • Low power computing
    • Easily portable flexible
    • Faster processing
    • Lighter and small computer devices
    • Noise Immunity : isolating the circuits from noise from both inside and outside the circuit.
  • Disadvantages
    • Possible loss of jobs in the traditional farming and manufacturing industry
    • It is very expensive and developing it can cost you a lot of money. It is also pretty difficult to manufacture, which is probably why products made with nanotechnology are more expensive.
    • These particles are very small, problems can actually arise from the inhalation of these minute particles.
    • Products made with nanotechnology are more expensive.
  • Future of nano computing
    • National science and technology council (USA) claim that
    • “ Nano computing is an enabling technology that change the nature of almost every human made object in the next century.”
  •