The moment has come. After one year and a half we are proud to present the final results of the Plan Bothnia project.
First a short introduction about the editors of the Plan Bothnia publication and the members of the lead partner, Helcom. We think the lead partner team froms an exotic coctel!
This is a project about transboundary MSP so first we would like to give some words about why is that important?
Transoundary MSP is a tool to solve future problems in a sea with high pressures. Shipping routes, fishing and especially the developmet fo wind power parks set pressures on the sea. For example this map is a synthesis of the uses of the Bothnian Sea.
First some words about the Bothnian Sea, our area of study.
Bothnian Sea: Locatedin the gulf of BothniaBetween Finland and SwedenPear shaped Narrower south and north.
3D model made by our project partner. Swedish side: shallow area with sand banks. Finngrundet important for conservation and wind powerDepression from north to south ended in Ulvö deep, the deepest point is 200mline: EEZRed line: planning area (baseline + 1NM). Coastal current zone.
Beautiful place. I took this picture last summer in Åland, an island located in the south Bothnian Sea. The quality of the water is good compared to other parts of the Baltic Sea
The Bothnian Sea freezes every year. The north part is frozen 140 days/year in average. This has implications for maritime traffic.
Funded by DG MARE. Two phases: 1.- data collection and making of draft assessment (basis for the spatial plan)2.- elaboration of spatial plan.Short project: only 18 months
How did the project start?Why the Bothnian Sea? Why ecosystem aproach?Why is PB different from other projects?: transbounday, open, collaboration, main issues covered
Planning is solving problems. So we need to start first IDENTIFYING the problems. To do that we need DATA. To start a plan first we need to know what data we have available. Data is crucial and in the beginning of this project we didn’t have almost any. We started almost from an ”empty” sea. I say ”almost” because luckily we had HELCOM. HELCOM is the best example of an open regional database. We got a lot of data to start the project but we needed more and more specific for the Bothnian Sea.
Thanks to these people we have maps like this. This map shows where fisher main fish herring in the Baltic Sea. Herring is the most important fish on the Bothnian Sea. Most catches in the Baltic Sea take place here. This data is unique. There is nothing with such detail in the whole Baltic Sea area. It’s made with VMS (Vessel Monitoring System) and catch logs from fish boats. Our Swedish partner created it.
Another example is this map showing maritime traffic. We have to analyse where the main route are, whether traffic is increasing or decrasing and the possibility of new roures in the future.
We also need to know where the conflicts are: Where do different uses overlap. In this map we see a clear conflict between nature protection areas and areas suitable for wind power.
I showed you that we have tons of data, should we just keep it for ourselves? From the beginning we thought that it would be best to share our data and processes. Why? Because we think that we all benefit from sharing data and being open. There is no point of keeping all the knowledge for ourselves.
It is also that we follow the HELCOM-VASAB recommendation. According to the HELCOM-VASAB MSP Principles ”Planning processes...” and ”Data should be...”
How do we try to be open and transparent? We built a webpage and from this webpage you can access EVERYTHING. For example in the blog we talk about our activities, it’s interactive so you can give your comments; in the calendar you can find our latest deadlines and events; you can also find pictures of our meetings and our travels; from our twitter account we follow people with similar interests... And if you want to keep informed of our activities please subscribe to our blog so that you can get our blog posts in your mail.
I left the map service to the end because it’s a very important component. From here you can see: how much data do we have; what does it look like; you can overlap layers, view several layers at the same time, analysis... You can even download data!
Bird Migration / Underwater offshore archeology
Excellent patner collaboration
Some words here about the importance of design. Design = inspire. ”Good design chages things” Garr ReynoldsVisual review by world acclaimed designer Joost GrootensBooks that inspired us: Flood of Space
The possible expansion of wind power is a good example of an issue that should be considered on the scale of the whole basin. The combined effect of all such developments in the basin might influence the whole ecosystem, beyond the perspective of individual permit applications.
Differences in planning tradition: markings – Swe: more exact definition due to the central role of municipalities in planning / Fin: more general approach since regional planning leave some flexibility for interpretation for municipalitiesFinnish approach: written guidelines versus map based. Which one is better?
Plan Bothnia final conference presentation
A transboundary pilot plan for the Bothnian SeaPlan Bothnia final conference23 May 2012Gothenburg, Sweden DG MARE
50% Norwegian50% FinnishMarine BiologistMaster of Law100% SpanishLiving in FinlandWife: Swedish-speaking FinnGeographerGIS and visualization freak Lead partner: an exotic cultural coctel Qperello