Phase 1: Project PreparationDuring this phase the team goes through initial planning andpreparation for SAP project, including:Defining project goals and objectives.Clarifying the scope of implementation.Defining project schedule, budget plan, and implementationsequence.Establishing the project organization and relevantcommittees, and assigning resources.
Phase 2: Business BlueprintThe purpose of this phase is to achieve a common understanding of how the company intends to run SAP to support its business. In addition, the original project goals and objectives will be refined and the project schedule will be revised in this phase. The result is the Business Blueprint, a detailed documentation of the results gathered during requirements workshops.
Phase 3: RealizationThe purpose of this phase is to implement all the business process requirements based on the Business Blueprint. The system configuration methodology is provided in two work packages: Baseline (major scope) and Final configuration (remaining scope). Integration testing is conducted and end- user document is prepared during this phase.
Phase 4: Final PreparationThe purpose of this phase is to complete the final preparation (including testing, end user training, system management, and cutover activities) to finalize your readiness to go live. The Final Preparation phase also serves to resolve all critical open issues
Phase 5: Go Live & SupportThe purpose of this phase is to move from a project- oriented, pre-production environment to live production operation. The most important elements include setting up production support, monitoring system transactions, and optimizing overall system performance.
Phase 6: Operate Commonly called as Run SAP. The primary goal of this phase is to ensure the operability of the solutionOperations Maturity Assessment -The Operations Maturity Assessment evaluates the SAP customers support operations to determine areas in need of optimizationOptimizations: Solution Documentation Optimization Solution implementation Optimization Template Optimization Test Management Optimization Maintenance, Upgrade and many other Optimizations
Role of a SAP Functional Consultant A functional consultant evaluates the demands in talking with the customers representatives, transforms the essence into an abstract and algorithmic business model. Hence, he identifies the use cases and transforms them into logical and technical views. Then the main task starts: customizing the respective business area and making sure the system reacts in the manner according to the constraints of the requested use case. The consultant documents the settings and prepares proper guidelines that allow other consultants to do further changes or repairs with due efforts. The consultant takes care that proper training is given to the users and that the system is usable, performing appropriately and the business flow is complete and correct. During go live he assists the technical staff by testing the behavior of the system. After go live he guarantees that the procedures remain usable and consistent in real live situation and proposes enhancements. The main duty of a consultant is to transfer external know-how to the client. It is not manpower that counts but intelligence, understanding of processes, a feeling for defects and general a common sense.
Detailed role in End-to-EndImplementation 1.Functional consultant is expected to generate knowledge about the current business process, design current business flows, study current business processes and its complication, in all we can say getting through with current business setup. Flow diagrams and DFD are prepared, most of the time in Vision format, all this forms the part of AS IS document. 2. Everything configured has to be documented as per their categories in the form of predefined templates, these have to be then approved by the team leads or who ever the consultant is reporting to. 3. Mapping and GAP analysis is done for each module, I have seen people defining integration after mapping, gap analysis and configuration is done, but as per my experience in implementation, it is a simultaneous process. 4. Before starting configuring future business processes in SAP, the DFD/ERD are prepared, this documentation is called TO BE, which can be also said as the result of mapping and gap analysis. 5. Sometimes Functional consultants are also expected to prepare test scripts for testing the configured scenarios. 6. End user manual and user training is also expected from Functional Consultants.
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