Liberty brew ladder

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  • 1. Liberty Brew Ladder
    • British Actions lead to . . .
    • Colonial Response!!!
  • 2. Writs of Assistance
    • Legal Document which allowed British naval officers to inspect colonial ship (to check for smuggled goods). The British did not need to have any reason at all to search.
    • Response: They said Writs violated their rights as British citizens
  • 3. Proclamation of 1763
    • British barred the settlement of lands west of the Appalachian Mountains
    • Colonial Response :
    • Prevented some from moving west, others moved West anyway
  • 4.  
  • 5. Sugar Act, 1764
    • Tax on molasses and sugar
    • British actually lowered the tax, but it was enforced for the first time.
    • Smugglers tried without juries
    • Colonial Reaction:
      • Taxation without representation is wrong!
      • Trial without juries is wrong!
  • 6. Stamp Act, 1765
    • Required revenue stamps to be put on all publications and legal documents (newspapers, wills, marriage papers, etc
    • Colonial Response
    • Organized Stamp Act Congress:fought the tax, Sons of liberty: they boycotted British goods
  • 7.  
  • 8.  
  • 9. Declaratory Act, 1766
    • Claimed the British could make laws and raise taxes whenever they wanted
    • Reaction: Not much. Stamp Act was repealed, so they overlooked this act
  • 10. Quartering Act, 1765
    • Required the colonist to quarter (only feed) British troops in America.
    • Reaction: New Yorkers refused, Bostonians grew more upset
  • 11. Townshend Act, 1767
    • Tax on tea, glass, lead, paper, and silk
    • Allowed writs of assistance
    • Reaction : Colonists signed non-importation agreements-stop importing goods taxed by Townshend Acts.
  • 12. Boston Massacre, 1770
    • March 5, 1770
    • Snowballs and rocks thrown at British soldiers
    • Unknown person shouted “Fire”
    • 5 colonists were killed
    • Crispus Attucks, former slave, first to die for liberty
  • 13. Boston Massacre cont’d
    • Sam Adams publicizes it with propaganda (using the press to prove or exaggerate a point of view)-calls it a massacre of innocent victims
    • Paul Revere prints an engraving showing unarmed men and women being fired upon
    • John Adams, a lawyer, defends the British troops
  • 14.                                                                                                   
  • 15. Reaction to Boston Massacre
    • Colonists Propaganda
    • British respond by repealing the most of the Townshend Acts, but left the tax on tea.
  • 16. Tea Act, 1773
    • Removed taxes paid by the British East India Company (had 15 million pounds of extra tea)
    • Let BEIC sell directly to colonist without paying taxes-cut out the colonial merchant middleman
  • 17. Colonial Response: Boston Tea Party
    • December 16, 1773: 60 members of the Sons of Liberty dressed up as Mohawk Native Americans and threw 342 chests of tea overboard on three different ships
  • 18.  
  • 19. Intolerable Acts, 1774
    • Britain:
        • Closes the port of Boston
        • Town meetings could only be held once a year
        • British officials committing crimes in the colonies would be tried in Great Britain
        • Stronger Quartering Act
  • 20. First Continental Congress
  • 21. Continental Congress, 1774
    • Responded to Intolerable Acts by:
      • Forming an association to boycott British trade
      • Declared Intolerable Acts unconstitutional
      • Claimed their liberties as Englishmen had been violated
      • Urged each colony to form a militia (an army of citizens)
  • 22. First Continental Congress
    • -September 1774
    • -56 delegates from 12 colonies (Georgia didn’t show)
    • -divided opinion over what to do
    • -agreed to boycott British goods and stop exports to England until Acts were repealed
    • -urged Mass. to set up their own gov. and collect its own taxes
  • 23. 1 st Continental Congress cont’d
    • -Declaration of Rights and Grivances-denying Britain because their rights as Englishmen had been violated
    • -colonies set up militias (armies of citizens)
    • -resolved to meet again if demands weren’t met
  • 24. Massachusetts Prepares
    • -Minutemen-colonist ready to fight at a moment’s notice-preparing for war
    • -patriots (those loyal to the colonies)-start building up ammunition and guns
  • 25. British Moves Toward Concord
    • -General Thomas Gage sent 700 troops to Concord, Mass. where the minutemen had stockpiled their weapons
  • 26. “ The British Are Coming” (thanks Paul)
    • -the midnight ride of Paul Revere
    • -April 18, 1775
    • -warned the militia that the British were coming by the Charles River
  • 27. Lexington and Concord
    • -70 minutemen meet the British at Lexington, a town near Concord
    • -no one knows who fired “the shot heard round the world”
    • -found no guns at Concord
    • -British lose 73, 200 wounded