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Urban Homeless 7.1.10
Urban Homeless 7.1.10
Urban Homeless 7.1.10
Urban Homeless 7.1.10
Urban Homeless 7.1.10
Urban Homeless 7.1.10
Urban Homeless 7.1.10
Urban Homeless 7.1.10
Urban Homeless 7.1.10
Urban Homeless 7.1.10
Urban Homeless 7.1.10
Urban Homeless 7.1.10
Urban Homeless 7.1.10
Urban Homeless 7.1.10
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Urban Homeless 7.1.10

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prepared for Paraspara Trust, Bagalore

prepared for Paraspara Trust, Bagalore

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  • 1. Urban Homeless A study in Bangalore by Paraspara Trust
  • 2. Urban Poverty in India
    • Urban poverty in India remains high, at over 25 percent. Over 80 million poor people live in the cities and towns of India.
    • (Source: National Sample Survey Organisation’s survey report).
    • With over 575 million people, India will have 41 percent of its population living in cities and towns by 2030 from the present level of 286 million.
    • (Source: India: Urban Poverty Report 2009 – Fact sheet)
    • As per the 2001 census, the total urban homeless population is 7, 78,599 people.
  • 3. Urban Slums in Bengaluru
    • Bengaluru is home to around 800 slums. According to BBMP, approximately 600,000 people out of the city’s eight million population live in the slums.
    • Karnataka, which was granted about Rs400 crore by the Central government under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission, has a 2010 deadline to build around 18,000 units for slum dwellers.
  • 4. Homeless is further marginalized
    • The condition of urban homeless is worse than that of urban poor as the distinction between both the sets is to do with ‘roof on the head’.
  • 5. Study by Paraspara Trust in Bengaluru
    • Study conducted in 2008
    • First of its kind in Bengaluru by NGOs
    • Done with the support of ActionAid & other partners of Forum
    • Covered the entire city
    • Trained volunteers used for data collection, through surveys
    • It was a sample survey (not a comprehensive one)
  • 6. Findings - demography
    • Identified 250 people without homes (living on streets)- It includes 156 men, 90 women & 4 transgender.
    • Caste: 54%- SCs; 7% -ST; 11% -OBC
    • Religion: 86% Hindus
    • Nearly 70% uneducated
    • 117 children out of school (12 in school)
    • 20% were handicapped
  • 7. Staying
    • 70% of the people living on foot paths, 10% in railway property, 10% under flyovers and 10% in the premises of temples, near drainage, government lands, old buildings, constructing sites, bus stands, etc.
    • 55% don’t know any friends and relatives, who have a permanent address in the city; but most of them had someone in their native villages with a permanent address.
    • 60% people are living on the streets since from 5 years. 20% people are living since from 2 to 4 years; other 10% people are living since from more than 5 years.
  • 8. Unsound sleep
    • 75% said they don’t have sound sleep at night.
    • Major disturbances are from
      • sound – 50%
      • Police - 30%
      • Sexual assault – 10%
      • Alcoholics – 20%
      • Mosquitoes – 55%
      • Diseases – 25%
      • Hunger- 15%
    • 29% sleep in railway stations and bus stations; 62% sleep on the streets and roads; 17% sleep in open grounds and 15% in parks.
  • 9. Reason for homeless
    • 70% said ‘poverty’ is the cause
    • 10% - do not want a home (addicted)
    • 10% - sent away from home
    • 26% - have no money to pay rent
    • 8%- because of unemployment
    • 7% - due to disease
  • 10. Employment
    • Major occupations are:
      • 66 – daily wages
      • 75 – rag-picking
      • 35 – small business
      • 99 – begging
      • 33 – domestic work
      • 20 – sex work
      • 27 – construction
      • 19 – sweeping
      • (one does many jobs)
    • 20% get regular work
    • 42% get work for 15 days in a month
    • 72% earn less thanRs.50 per day
    • 80% have no savings
    • 16% send money to parents occasionally
    • 70% people are spending 40% of their earnings for food.
  • 11. Marriage &Sexuality
    • 62% are married – but only 56% of them live together. (24% are widowed)
    • 47 homosexuals
    • 29 have multiple partners regularly & 19 occasionally
    • Most of the people are very happy in their sexual activities except for lack of privacy
  • 12. Access to facilities
    • 68% fetched water from Corporation taps
    • Toilets- the major problem:
      • 41% use open grounds and behind the parked vehicles
      • 34% use public toilets
      • 50% pay for using toilets
    • Bathing:
      • Less than 1% take bath every day
      • 56% take bath once in 2 or 3 days.
      • 30% pay for bathing (public bath)
    • 31% hold Voter ID
    • But, 0.4% have a ration card here
  • 13. Health
    • 40% reported health problems
    • 83% faced some health problem during the last month
    • Nearly 70% visit Government hospitals
    • Treatment is unsatisfactory; sometimes need to bribe and hospital staff ill-treat
    • Most of the people have fever, weakness, headache, stomach ache and body pain
    • Nearly 20% could not work for even 7 days in a month due to health problems
  • 14. Demands from the people
    • Shelter
    • Stop harassment from police & goondas
    • Safe place to sleep
    • Ration cards
    • Clean drinking water
    • Permanent work
    • Study room for children
    • Health facility
    • Privacy for girls (bathing, etc)
    • Pensions – old, handicapped & widow
    • Loan
    • Education

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