Praise for the Photoshop Bibles andDeke McClelland You’re probably thinking that if someone has the gall to call his book a Bible, it had better be pretty good. If you’re not thinking that, it’s probably because you’ve already experienced the Photoshop Bible and you know it’s good. — Los Angeles Times Say goodbye to those dull and dusty step-by-step tutorials now that Deke McClelland, the Digital Guru of computer graphics, has updated his international bestseller, the Macworld Photoshop 5 Bible. — Adobe.com A great program deserves a great book. Photoshop has one in this mammoth paperback (Photoshop Bible). — Cincinnati Enquirer I’ve been involved with Photoshop for over seven years, and for as long as I can remember, I’ve had Deke looking over my shoulder. Deke takes you through Photoshop and covers a lot of areas with impressive depth. — Mark Hamburg, Adobe Principal Scientist and Architect for Photoshop It’s always nice to see something that was very good become great — bigger and better than its predecessor (which was already quite good), the Macworld Photoshop 5 Bible kicks some serious butt: it’s simply outstanding. — PhotoBooks.com The Photoshop Bible is a must have encyclopedia of Photoshop info. It’s a tribute to Deke’s Photoshop knowledge that even the most veteran Photoshop users find the “Bible” required reading. — Jeff Schewe, Imaging Artist and Author (Photoshop Bibles) show you the ins and outs of this fascinating program, with step-by-step instructions for both everyday techniques and unusual but useful tricks. — Houston Chronicle This is an excellent book. I believe you will use it for years. — Space Coast PC Journal
[In Photoshop Studio Secrets] McClelland takes you step by step through every stageof the design, from concept to execution. This is the book you need if you’re moreinterested in the artwork than in the tools.— Los Angeles TimesWith Photoshop expert Deke McClelland at the steering wheel, how can you go wrong!— The Design & Publishing CenterThe Photoshop 5 Bible by Deke McClelland sits proudly on my desk and is a constantsource of information and assistance as I confidently create with Adobe Photoshop 5.McClelland’s complete understanding of Adobe’s suite of imaging software is onlysurpassed by his ability to teach. He may be my favorite author!— Susanne York, Houston, TXI gotta tell you — the Photoshop Bible has saved me many times. There is nothingmore a designer needs (except for coffee) sitting beside his Mac than the PhotoshopBible.— Jason K. Jennings, Nashville, TNWhile it may theoretically be possible to use Photoshop without the Photoshop Bible,I can’t imagine why anyone would want to try.— Tim Wilson, Keys EntertainmentMcClelland offers tons of tips, tricks and procedures. There are more insights than anyone person will likely be able to digest, but even a few will prove invaluable for gettingmore out of the program… . One advantage of such a large book is that complicatedsubjects can be dealt with at length. McClelland takes full advantage of this in thespecial effects section, detailing how the different filters work, what the effects of thefilters are, and how users can better control the results… Macworld Photoshop Biblesucceeds as a valuable tome for users of all levels. It will be helpful for beginners andrelevant to advanced users.— Communication ArtsThis was the best computer book I’ve ever read.— SM, Boulder, COThis Author’s style is inviting and comfortable. He explains complex concepts in a verysimple, familiar manner. Nothing else comes close.— TG, North Hollywood, CAI read this book on vacation — and still had a good time!— DLG, Vanderbilt, MississippiThis book has the most extensive coverage of Adobe Photoshop I’ve seen! Thanks forhelping me realize the limitless potential of Photoshop!— DG, Big Sandy, Texas
…this encyclopedic effort ought to help both new and experienced users unleash thepower of this multidimensional program. Nearly every feature is explored in detail — inMcClelland’s conversational style…. One imaging topic of importance among Photoshopdisciples — Unsharp Making— gets no less than seven pages in the Bible. It’s as clear anexplanation of USM as has ever been published, backed up with examples showing theeffects achieved by varying the Amount, Radius, and Threshold settings. In fact, if you’relooking for only one comprehensive Photoshop book, this may be the one.— Photo District NewsIt’s a must have for every professional Photoshop user.— RC, London, EnglandI teach Photoshop; there would be no way for me to survive my first class without thisbook! Deke McClelland incorporates a funny way of explaining things, he’s verythorough and tells you about “real-life” situations, not just what Adobe wants itscustomers to know.— CD, Addison, TexasI thought I was an expert Photoshop user, but you should see how many pages I’vemarked in this book. Deke’s presentation is one of the clearest and most accurateI’ve seen.— CS, Fullerton, CaliforniaThis book puts the Photoshop user manual to shame!— DB, Toronto, Ontario, CanadaDeke is humorous, not a self-righteous “know everything” author. This book cutsstraight to the usable information, without the typical hype or fluff of the manufacturermanuals.— EV, Somerset, New JerseyI’m able to do more than I thought possible with Photoshop using this guide.— DH, Lincoln, NebraskaI like the clear, concise, and practical application of each process in Photoshop.Especially the use of layers! WOW!— MRB, Langley, WashingtonI have every Photoshop book and this one is the best. It is the one I go to when I needan answer.— EF, Boulder Colorado
What I really like about the book is that Deke McClelland starts at the basics and takesyou step by step as if you knew nothing about scanning or images. He takes nothing forgranted, explaining in the introduction such fundamentals as when to use Photoshopand when to use a drawing program…So what does Photoshop do and how does thisbook help you in doing it? Mr. McClelland will answer both questions and every otherquestion you can think of within the confines of the Macintosh and Photoshop.— Work Place, University College, Dublin, IrelandNo other book about Photoshop is as good as this one. It’s the best!— JO, Garsfontein, South AfricaA truly wonderful book, jam packed with useful hints, tricks and basic procedures inPhotoshop.— TW, Dubuque, IowaI had tough deadlines and had never used Photoshop before. This book added years tomy life!— RB, Green Bay, WisconsinGreat job McClelland! Many books are dull, but this one made me laugh out loud. Itwas easy to read the whole thing.— PM, Vallejo, CaliforniaI am laughing all day thinking about and reading this book.— SA, Barcelona, SpainGiven the technical nature of the topic and the depth of coverage, you might expect thewriting to be rather dry — somewhat less than inspiring. Fortunately, Deke McClellandis as accomplished a writer as he is a Photoshop guru. He has managed to keep apotentially heavy topic from becoming too great a burden on the reader, whilemaintaining a strong flow of information. His wit and style show through repeatedly inevery chapter. I strongly recommend this book to anyone who uses Adobe Photoshopon the Mac or PC.— FlashIt has an answer waiting for every question I could possibly have about Photoshop.— TL, Corona, CaliforniaThis “Bible” brings all the comfort that the King James Version no longer does — it’smy new “Linus Blanket!” I have yet to go find a topic that I can think of that isn’tcovered by the book, and it is stuffed full of topics that wouldn’t have occurred to me.— NC, London, EnglandI learn something new every time I open it.— SFJ, Billerica, Massachusetts
It’s a great book…definitely every Photoshop user’s dream.— CT, Brisbane, AustraliaI like Deke McClelland’s sense of humor! Plus I loved all the information he pouredforth about every feature of Photoshop. I just think this book is excellent!— TC, Augusta, GeorgiaI think I love you, Deke McClelland! Thank you for continuing my ongoing quest!— KW, Ocoee, FloridaThis is a great book. I know Photoshop but I never realized you could do so much withit until I read this book.— TLS, Whitestone, New YorkIt is easily understandable and very easy reading with as much information puttogether as I thought possible. It has everything!— GKP, Eugene, OregonThis book helped me to understand the thought processes the developers went throughto build the program, which helps me to be a better user.— JD, Arkansas City, KansasThe best Photoshop book I’ve seen — I know: I’m a sixteen-year professional.— CD, Hazelwood, MissouriWhile reading this book, it felt like a good friend was sitting over my shoulder lettingme in on all the tips and tricks no one else would tell me about or knew about.Thanks!— JO, San Marcos, TexasAnyone involved with design knows about this book.— TS, Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaThis book has information on all aspects of Photoshop in non-technical, everydaylanguage. It was enjoyable to read and I learned a lot.— NI, Fairlawn, New JerseyI selected Macworld Photoshop 4.0 Bible for my digital imaging course because Iwas impressed with its thoroughness and with the fact that it’s very appropriate forbeginning through advanced-level students...a very comprehensive text!— Thomas Shirley, Faculty member, Digital Imaging, Columbia College, IL
Welcome to the world of IDG Books Worldwide. IDG Books Worldwide, Inc., is a subsidiary of International Data Group, the world’s largest publisher of computer-related information and the leading global provider of information services on information technology. IDG was founded more than 30 years ago by Patrick J. McGovern and now employs more than 9,000 people worldwide. IDG publishes more than 290 computer publications in over 75 countries. More than 90 million people read one or more IDG publications each month. Launched in 1990, IDG Books Worldwide is today the #1 publisher of best-selling computer books in the United States. We are proud to have received eight awards from the Computer Press Association in recognition of editorial excellence and three from Computer Currents’ First Annual Readers’ Choice Awards. Our best- selling ...For Dummies® series has more than 50 million copies in print with translations in 31 languages. IDG Books Worldwide, through a joint venture with IDG’s Hi-Tech Beijing, became the first U.S. publisher to publish a computer book in the People’s Republic of China. In record time, IDG Books Worldwide has become the first choice for millions of readers around the world who want to learn how to better manage their businesses. Our mission is simple: Every one of our books is designed to bring extra value and skill-building instructions to the reader. Our books are written by experts who understand and care about our readers. The knowledge base of our editorial staff comes from years of experience in publishing, education, and journalism — experience we use to produce books to carry us into the new millennium. In short, we care about books, so we attract the best people. We devote special attention to details such as audience, interior design, use of icons, and illustrations. And because we use an efficient process of authoring, editing, and desktop publishing our books electronically, we can spend more time ensuring superior content and less time on the technicalities of making books. You can count on our commitment to deliver high-quality books at competitive prices on topics you want to read about. At IDG Books Worldwide, we continue in the IDG tradition of delivering quality for more than 30 years. You’ll find no better book on a subject than one from IDG Books Worldwide. John Kilcullen Chairman and CEO IDG Books Worldwide, Inc. Eighth Annual Eleventh Annual Computer Press Computer Press Awards 1992 Ninth Annual Tenth Annual Awards 1995 Computer Press Computer Press Awards 1993 Awards 1994IDG is the world’s leading IT media, research and exposition company. Founded in 1964, IDG had 1997 revenues of $2.05billion and has more than 9,000 employees worldwide. IDG offers the widest range of media options that reach IT buyersin 75 countries representing 95% of worldwide IT spending. IDG’s diverse product and services portfolio spans six key areasincluding print publishing, online publishing, expositions and conferences, market research, education and training, andglobal marketing services. More than 90 million people read one or more of IDG’s 290 magazines and newspapers, includingIDG’s leading global brands — Computerworld, PC World, Network World, Macworld and the Channel World family ofpublications. IDG Books Worldwide is one of the fastest-growing computer book publishers in the world, with more than700 titles in 36 languages. The “...For Dummies®” series alone has more than 50 million copies in print. IDG offers onlineusers the largest network of technology-specific Web sites around the world through IDG.net (http://www.idg.net), whichcomprises more than 225 targeted Web sites in 55 countries worldwide. International Data Corporation (IDC) is the world’slargest provider of information technology data, analysis and consulting, with research centers in over 41 countries and morethan 400 research analysts worldwide. IDG World Expo is a leading producer of more than 168 globally branded conferencesand expositions in 35 countries including E3 (Electronic Entertainment Expo), Macworld Expo, ComNet, Windows WorldExpo, ICE (Internet Commerce Expo), Agenda, DEMO, and Spotlight. IDG’s training subsidiary, ExecuTrain, is the world’slargest computer training company, with more than 230 locations worldwide and 785 training courses. IDG MarketingServices helps industry-leading IT companies build international brand recognition by developing global integrated marketingprograms via IDG’s print, online and exposition products worldwide. Further information about the company can be foundat www.idg.com. 1/26/00
Credits Acquisitions Editor Quality Control Technician Michael Roney Dina F Quan Project Editors Permissions Editor Amy Thomas Buscaglia Carmen Krikorian Sharon Eames Media Development Specialist Technical Editor Angela Denny Marc Pawliger Media Development Coordinator Copy Editors Marisa Pearman Laura Stone Lane Barnholtz Book Designer KC Hogue Drew R. Moore Julie Campbell Moss Nancy Rapoport Illustrators Gabriele McCann Proof Editor Angela F. Hunckler Patsy Owens Proofreading and Indexing Project Coordinators York Production Services Danette Nurse Joe Shines Cover Illustrator Peter Kowaleszyn Graphics and Production Specialists Robert Bihlmayer Jude Levinson Michael Lewis Ramses Ramirez Victor Pérez-Varela
About the Author In 1985, Deke McClelland oversaw the implementation of the first personal com- puter-based production department in Boulder, Colorado. He later graduated to be artistic director for Publishing Resources, one of the earliest all-PostScript service bureaus in the United States. These days, Deke is the author of the award-winning titles Photoshop for Windows Bible and Macworld Photoshop Bible (both published by IDG Books Worldwide), now in their eighth year with more copies in print than any other guides on computer graphics. Other best-selling titles include Photoshop For Dummies, Photoshop Studio Secrets, Web Design Studio Secrets (all IDG Books Worldwide), Real World Illustrator 9, and Real World Digital Photography (both Peachpit Press). He also serves as host to sev- eral entertaining and educational video training series, including Total Photoshop, Total InDesign, and Total Illustrator (all Total Training). In 1989, Deke won the Benjamin Franklin Award for Best Computer Book. Since then, he has received honors from the Society for Technical Communication (once in 1994 and twice in 1999), the American Society of Business Press Editors (1995), the Western Publications Association (1999), and the Computer Press Association (1990, 1992, 1994, 1995, 1997, and twice in 1999). In 1999, Book Bytes named Deke its Author of the Year. Deke is presently working on his new visual learning series, Look & Learn, which is slated to include Look & Learn Photoshop and Look & Learn Flash (IDG Books Worldwide). He is a contributing editor for Macworld magazine.
To my mad little Max, and the woman who created him.Two sweeter people you never did see.To see these two people is sweetness indeed.
Foreword I f you are reading this foreword, it probably means that you’ve purchased a copy of Adobe Photoshop 6.0, and for that I and the rest of the Photoshop team at Adobe thank you. If you own a previous edition of the Photoshop Bible, you probably know what to expect. If not, then get ready for an interesting trip. A lot of attention in various forums has been given to the fact that the year 2000 marks the ten-year anniversary of Adobe Photoshop. Unless you buy this book almost immediately after it comes out, I will also have been working on Photoshop for ten years, so this seems like a good time to do a little looking back. When I joined the Photoshop team, my first task was to start adding vector drawing capabilities to a program that even in 1.0 could lay claim to being the leading desk- top raster editing program. In other words, I was to implement a Bézier pen tool that as initially planned was little more than a glorified lasso tool. Ten years later, Photoshop 6 is now taking vectors on in earnest. I trust that doesn’t mean that we sat still for the 9+ years between Photoshop 2.0 and Photoshop 6.0. It certainly doesn’t feel that way. If we had done so, I suspect that we would have heard from Deke McClelland since he’s been watching over our shoulders for almost as long as I can remember. While Photoshop 6 probably provides more instant gratification features than any previous version, at its core it offers a broad collection of basic and not so basic tools for building and manipulating images. Becoming a skilled Photoshop user involves getting to know those tools, how they interact, and when to use them. The best way I’ve found to do that is through use, exploration, and play. On the other hand, since Photoshop allows one to do so much, it can be difficult to know where to begin. It’s like opening a watch maker’s tool chest: The screwdrivers are pretty obvious, but what about all these other strange and mysterious instruments? This is where Deke comes in. In Deke’s hands, Photoshop goes from being just a toolbox to being a strange and wonderful land all its own. The Photoshop Bible is a guided tour through that land with a guide who has been over the territory many times. Deke takes you through most of Photoshop and covers a lot of areas in impressive depth. Not only does he show you the features in Photoshop — after all, you’ve got
xvi Foreword the manual to do that — he shows you how to use them to address issues that look almost like real world problems. This is the Photoshop Bible not the Photoshop Encyclopedia and hence it tells stories rather than just presenting information. A second thing that you’ll get from this book is a lot of commentary. Deke isn’t shy about letting you know how he feels about various features. I don’t always agree with Deke’s opinions on these matters, but I think his openness about his opinions makes the book much richer. If you become a routine user of Photoshop, you will almost certainly develop your own opinions, some of which will probably match Deke’s and some of which probably won’t. It’s valuable to get his opinions during the tour, however, because, even if you end up disagreeing with them, they give you more to think about. Finally, the most invigorating aspect of this book is the enthusiasm Deke brings to the tour. You’ll note that I included “play” in my list of strategies for coming to know Photoshop, and I think just having fun with the program is really one of the best things you can do when starting out. Deke almost relentlessly conveys that sense of excitement and fun, and for that I thank him. So, fasten your seat belts, put on your pith helmets, and get ready. It’s a fascinating trip ahead. Mark Hamburg Principal Scientist and Architect for Adobe Photoshop Adobe Systems Incorporated September 2000
Preface I have no idea where you are as you read this. You might be sitting in front of your computer, lounging on a beach in Martinique, or curled up under the covers with a flashlight. But there’s a chance you’re standing in a bookstore with a clerk behind you asking if you need any help. If so, you’re at what we in the book biz like to call the “point of purchase” (POP). From my perspective, the POP is a dangerous place, fraught with ambiguities and temptations. There’s a chance — however infinitesimal — that you might put this book back where you found it and buy a competing title. I shudder to think of it. So for the benefit of you POPers, I’m about to lay it on a bit thick. This book is not only the number-one selling guide to Adobe Photoshop, but one of the two or three most successful books on any electronic publishing topic ever printed. You can find dozens of localized translations throughout the world. The Dutch translation has been known to come out before the English edition, and I just received an e-mail from my German translator urging me to get her manuscript ASAP. The Photoshop Bible is the most widely accepted textbook for college courses. It is also the only third-party book that has been edited from cover to cover for tech- nical accuracy by members of Photoshop’s programming team (for which I am duly grateful). Now, we all know “bestseller” doesn’t necessarily translate to “best” — I needn’t remind you that pet rocks were once hotter than Pokémon. But the Photoshop Bible seems to have touched a chord. Based on the letters I’ve received over the years, most readers find the book informative, comprehensive, and entertaining. (Okay, one woman summed it up as “violent, satanic, and blasphemous” — cross my heart, it’s true — but now that we’ve removed all the backward lyrics, I think we’ve addressed that problem.) Knowing that people not only buy the book, but actually read it and find it pleasurable, gives me more satisfaction than I can say. The driving philosophy behind Photoshop 6 for Windows Bible is a simple one: Even the most intimidating topic can be made easy if it’s explained properly. This goes double when the subject of the discussion is something as modest as a piece of software. Photoshop isn’t some remarkable work of nature that defies our compre- hension. It’s nothing more that a commercial product designed by a bunch of regu- lar people like you for the express purpose of being understood and put to use by a bunch of regular people like you. If I can’t explain something that’s inherently so straightforward, then shame on me.
xviii Preface I’ve made it my mission to address every topic head-on — no cop-outs, no apolo- gies. Everything’s here, from the practical benefits of creating accurate masks to the theoretical wonders of designing your own custom layer styles. I wasn’t born with this knowledge, and there are plenty of times when I’m learning with you. But when I don’t know how something works, I do the research and figure it out, some- times discussing features directly with the programmers, sometimes taking advan- tage of other sources. My job is to find out the answers, make sure those answers make sense, and pass them along to you as clearly as I can. I also provide background, opinions, and a few feeble attempts at humor. A dry list- ing of features followed by ponderous discussions of how they work doesn’t mean squat unless I explain why the feature is there, where it fits into your workflow, and — on occasion — whether or not it’s the best solution. I am alternatively cranky, excited, and just plain giddy as I explain Photoshop, and I make no effort to contain my criticisms or enthusiasm. This book is me walking you through the program as subjectively as I would explain it to a friend. But before I brag any more about the book, it’s possible you’re not even sure what Photoshop is, much less why you’d need a book on the subject. Just so we’re all clear, let’s take a peek at the program. What Is Photoshop? Photoshop 6 is a professional-level image editor that runs on a Power Macintosh computer running OS 8.5 or later; or a Pentium-based PC equipped with any of sev- eral versions of Microsoft Windows. By image editor, I mean that Photoshop enables you to edit photos and artwork scanned to disk. You can then post the resulting images on the Internet or print them on paper. Here’s an example: Your job is to take a picture of your company’s high-and-mighty CEO, touch up the crow’s feet, fix the hair, and publish the Chief’s smiling face on the cover of the annual report. No problem. Just shoot the photo, have it scanned to disk, open Mr. or Mrs. CEO inside Photoshop, and away you go. Photoshop arms you with all the digital wrinkle cream, toupee relaxer, jowl remover, and tooth pol- isher that you could ask for. The head honcho looks presentable no matter how badly the company is doing. Photoshop, then, is about changing reality. It follows in the footsteps of a rich pro- cession of after-camera tools. Despite all the hand-wringing you may have heard about the veracity of photographs in the digital age, image editing has been around almost as long as photography itself. Witness the editorial image below, lifted from the hallowed pages of a 1917 issue of The Geographic (predecessor to National Geographic). The men on the left are authentic, but I’m a bit skeptical about that fellow inside the van. Today’s editing techniques may be more sophisticated, but they’re hardly anything new.
Preface xix In 1917, The Geographic tendered this image as a genuine photograph, and very likely many readers thought nothing of it. One day, future generations will think the same of our work. Photoshop goes beyond just reducing the distance between two Giza pyramids on the cover of National Geographic or plopping a leaning Tom Cruise, photographed in Hawaii, onto the supportive shoulder of Dustin Hoffman, photographed in New York, for a Newsweek spread (both duller-than-fiction applications of image-editing software). Photoshop brings you full-tilt creativity. Picture the head of an eagle on the body of a lion with the legs of a spider and the wings of a dove. Picture yourself in a boat on a river with tangerine trees and marmalade skies. Whether your inspi- rations are original or derivative, Photoshop lets you paint snapshots from your dreams. If you can picture it in your head, you can paint it in Photoshop.About This Book If you’re familiar with previous editions of this book, this one represents your everyday average exhaustive renovation. As is often the case, I am assisted by Julie PhotoDeluxe For Dummies King and Amy InDesign For Dummies Thomas Buscaglia, long-time contributors to the Bible. (Julie has been adding her touch since the very first Bible; Amy has been on board for the last seven renditions.) With their help, I’ve added detailed discussions on the subjects of layers, blending options, styles,
xx Preface vector-based shapes, color management, object-oriented text, the expanded TIFF and PDF file formats, free-form distortions, and the usual plethora of interface enhancements. As always, we’ve reworked the structure of the book to suit the newest version of Photoshop, creating new parts, rehashing every chapter without exception, and rewriting several chapters from the ground up. In short, we’ve deprived ourselves of sleep and sanity to make you happy. If you’re new to the Bible, I urge you to take a brief moment and make sure you have the right one before you pay the clerk and take it home. You are currently holding the Photoshop 6 for Windows Bible, designed specifically for folks who own PCs equipped with Microsoft Windows. If you use a Apple Macintosh or iMac instead, put this book down and request a copy of the Macworld Photoshop 6 Bible, which is far more likely to suit your needs. That silver Frisbee on the back cover In the back of this book, you’ll find a CD-ROM. It contains Photoshop plug-ins and several high-resolution pieces of stock photography in full, natural color. I’ve included many of the pivotal images from this book so that you can follow along with my examples as you see fit. The Bible is nothing if not comprehensive. To bolster this claim, I’ve included a few additional chapters as PDF files on the CD-ROM. Assuming you have Adobe Acrobat Reader (which you can download at www.adobe.com), you can open the chapters, read them on screen, and print them at your leisure. Among these on-disk chapters are two collections of Photoshop shortcuts — the most extensive of their kind — one for Macintosh users (Chapter C) and one for Windows (Chapter D). This way, even if you unknowingly purchased the wrong version of the book, you have all the shortcuts you need. The CD also includes PDF copies of all the printed chapters in this book, perfect for those times you want to print an additional copy of a chap- ter to highlight, underline, or paper the birdcage. Bear in mind, however, that I pro- vide these PDFs for your personal use only. If you distribute them to friends and family, you’re breaking all kinds of federal codes, interstate treaties, and Geneva Convention ordinances. If you’re unlucky enough to get caught, the FBI will raid your house and make you sit in the corner and write bad checks. Okay, I made that up. All I can really do is tell you I’d rather you didn’t share the PDF chapters and hope you don’t. I’m powerless; pity me. As an extra special bonus, you’ll find several QuickTime movie tutorials that explain how to use some of Photoshop’s most challenging features. These are excerpted from my video training series, Total Photoshop, from Total Training (www.totaltraining.com). Cross- Perhaps best of all, the CD is cross-platform, so you can open it on a Mac or PC. Reference Read the appendix, “Using the CD-ROM,” for a complete listing of the contents of the CD.
Preface xxiConventions Every computer book seems to conform to a logic all its own, and this one’s no exception. Although I try to avoid pig latin — ellway, orfay hetay ostmay artpay — I do subscribe to a handful of conventions that you may not immediately recognize. Vocabulary Call it computerese, call it technobabble, call it the synthetic jargon of propeller heads. The fact is, I can’t explain Photoshop in graphic and gruesome detail without reverting to the specialized language of the trade. However, to help you keep up, I can and have italicized vocabulary words (as in random-access memory) with which you may not be familiar or which I use in an unusual context. An italicized term is followed by a definition. If you come across a strange word that is not italicized (that bit of italics was for emphasis), look it up in the index to find the first reference to the word in the book. Commands and options To distinguish the literal names of commands, dialog boxes, buttons, and so on, I capitalize the first letter in each word (for example, click on the Cancel button). The only exceptions are option names, which can be six or seven words long and filled with prepositions like to and of. Traditionally, prepositions and articles (a, an, the) don’t appear in initial caps, and this book follows that time-honored rule, too. When discussing menus and commands, I use an arrow symbol to indicate hierar- chy. For example, Choose File ➪ Open means to choose the Open command from the File menu. If you have to display a submenu to reach a command, I list the command used to display the submenu between the menu name and the final com- mand. Choose Image ➪ Adjust ➪ Invert means to choose the Adjust command from the Image menu and then choose the Invert command from the Adjust submenu. Version numbers A new piece of software comes out every 15 minutes. That’s not a real statistic, mind you, but I bet I’m not far off. As I write this, Photoshop has advanced to Version 6.0. But by the time you read this, the version number may be seven hun- dredths of a percentage point higher. So know that when I write Photoshop 6, I mean any version of Photoshop short of 7. Similarly, when I write Photoshop 5, I mean Versions 5.0, 5.0.2, and 5.5; Photoshop 4 means Versions 4.0 and 4.0.1; Photoshop 3 means Versions 3.0, 3.0.1, 3.0.3, 3.0.4, and 3.0.5; you get the idea.
xxii Preface Icons Like just about every computer book currently available on your greengrocer’s shelves, this one includes alluring icons that focus your eyeballs smack-dab on important information. The icons make it easy for folks who just like to skim books to figure out what the heck’s going on. Icons serve as little insurance policies against short attention spans. On the whole, the icons are self-explanatory, but I’ll explain them anyway. Caution The Caution icon warns you that a step you’re about to take may produce disas- trous results. Well, perhaps “disastrous” is an exaggeration. Inconvenient, then. Uncomfortable. For heaven’s sake, use caution. Note The Note icon highlights some little tidbit of information I’ve decided to share with you that seemed at the time to be remotely related to the topic at hand. I might tell you how an option came into existence, why a feature is implemented the way it is, or how things used to be better back in the old days. Photoshop 6 The Photoshop 6 icon explains an option, command, or other feature that is brand-spanking new to this latest revision. If you’re already familiar with previous versions of Photoshop, you might just want to plow through the book looking for Photoshop 6 icons and see what new stuff is out there. Tip This book is bursting with tips and techniques. If I were to highlight every one of them, whole pages would have light-bulbs popping out all over the place. The Tip icon calls attention to shortcuts that are specifically applicable to the Photoshop application. For the bigger, more useful power tips, I’m afraid you’ll have to actually read the text. Cross- The Cross-Reference icon tells you where to go for information related to the cur- Reference rent topic. I included one a few pages back and you probably read it without think- ing twice. That means you’re either sharp as a tack or an experienced computer- book user. Either way, you won’t have any trouble with this icon. I thought of including one more icon that alerted you to every new bit of informa- tion — whether Photoshop 6–dependent or not — that’s included in this book. But I found myself using it every other paragraph. Besides, that would have robbed you of the fun of discovering the new stuff. How to Bug Me Even in its sixth edition, scanned by the eyes of hundreds of thousands of readers and scrutinized intensely for months at a time by myself and my editors, I’ll bet someone, somewhere will still manage to locate errors and oversights. If you notice
Preface xxiii those kinds of things and you have a few spare moments, please let me know. I always appreciate readers’ comments. If you want to share your insights, comments, or corrections, please visit my Web site, the infamous http://www.dekemc.com. There you’ll find news and excerpts about my books, tips for various graphics products, and other goofy online stuff. Let me know what you think. To e-mail me, click on the Contact Deke button. Don’t fret if you don’t hear from me for a few days, or months, or ever. I read every letter and try to implement nearly every constructive idea anyone bothers to send me. But because I receive hundreds of reader letters a week, I can respond to only a small percentage of them.Note Please, do not write to ask me why your copy of Photoshop is misbehaving on your specific computer. I was not involved in developing Photoshop, I am not employed by Adobe, and I am not trained in product support. Adobe can answer your techni- cal support questions way better than I can, so I leave it to the experts. Now, without further ado, I urge you to turn the page and advance forward into the great untamed frontier of image editing. But remember, this book can be a danger- ous tool if wielded unwisely. Don’t set it on any creaky card tables or let your chil- dren play with it without the assistance of a stalwart adult, preferably an All-Star Wrestler or that guy who played the Incredible Hulk on TV. And no flower pressing. The little suckers would be pummeled to dust by this monstrously powerful colos- sus of a book.
InsidePhotoshop 2 C H A P T E R ✦ ✦ ✦ ✦ In This ChapterA First Look at Photoshop 6 Getting comfortable with a brand-new These days, most computer applications speak a common Photoshop desktop graphical language, and Photoshop is no exception. It sub- scribes to the basic structure of on-screen nouns and verbs Finding your favorite proposed and first spoken by the operating system. As a tools and meeting a result, Photoshop may seem tolerably comprehensible the few new ones first time you meet it. Without any prior knowledge of its ori- gins or behavior, you should be able to pick up a paintbrush Working with and specify a color in a matter of a few seconds, simply based the Photoshop 6 on the rudimentary vocabulary that you’ve picked up from Options bar other programs. After years of staring into cathode ray tubes, you can’t help but get the picture. Zooming in 0.01- percent increments But Photoshop has its own special dialect, one that differs from every other program out there. The dialect is so distinct Scrolling from that it’s only peripherally understood by other applications, the keyboard including those from Adobe, the very siblings that Photoshop grew up with. Photoshop has its own way of turning a phrase, Using the Navigator it speaks its words in a different order than you might expect, palette and yes, it uses a lot of strange and sometimes unsettling jar- gon that it has picked up on the street. Photoshop is alw