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HIV AIDS Presented By- Maniah Sharma Welcome Delegates !
What is AIDS? A—Acquired (not born with) I—Immune (body’s defence system) D—Deficiency (not working properly) S—Syndrome (...
What is HIV? H—human I—immunodeficiency V—virus
What is the immune system? <ul><li>Immune system defends the body. </li></ul><ul><li>White blood cells (WBCs) are the most...
How does HIV weaken the immune system? <ul><li>HIV enters the body. </li></ul><ul><li>WBCs are attacked by HIV. </li></ul>...
The difference between HIV and AIDS <ul><li>HIV causes AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>HIV is a virus and AIDS is a disease </li></...
General Population CSWs, MSMs, IVDUs Risk Group Population Bridge Population         Dynamics of HIV Transmission Truckers...
 
Other Modes of Transmission of HIV <ul><li>Receipt of blood collected from HIV infected person ~ almost 100%  </li></ul><u...
Body Fluids Which Can Transmit  HIV <ul><li>Blood, bloody fluids </li></ul><ul><li>Potentially infectious: semen, vaginal ...
What does HIV-positive mean? <ul><li>The person is infected with HIV. </li></ul><ul><li>A HIV-positive person may not have...
What is comprehensive HIV/AIDS care?   <ul><li>Clinical and nursing care </li></ul><ul><li>Psychosocial support and counse...
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HIV/AIDS

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Transcript of "HIV/AIDS"

  1. 1. HIV AIDS Presented By- Maniah Sharma Welcome Delegates !
  2. 2. What is AIDS? A—Acquired (not born with) I—Immune (body’s defence system) D—Deficiency (not working properly) S—Syndrome (a group of signs and symptoms) Transmitted from person to person. It affects the body’s immune system, the part of the body which usually works to fight off germs such as bacteria and viruses. Malfunctioning of the body’s immune system Someone with AIDS may experience a wide range of different diseases and opportunistic infections.
  3. 3. What is HIV? H—human I—immunodeficiency V—virus
  4. 4. What is the immune system? <ul><li>Immune system defends the body. </li></ul><ul><li>White blood cells (WBCs) are the most important part of this immune system. </li></ul><ul><li>WBCs fight and destroy bacteria, fungi and viruses that may enter the body </li></ul>
  5. 5. How does HIV weaken the immune system? <ul><li>HIV enters the body. </li></ul><ul><li>WBCs are attacked by HIV. </li></ul><ul><li>The virus multiplies inside WBCs and infects other WBCs. </li></ul><ul><li>Infected WBCs are eventually destroyed. </li></ul><ul><li>Leads to a reduction in the number of WBCs. </li></ul><ul><li>Ultimately leads to greatly reduced immunity. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The difference between HIV and AIDS <ul><li>HIV causes AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>HIV is a virus and AIDS is a disease </li></ul><ul><li>AIDS—deficiency in the body’s defence mechanism or immune system </li></ul><ul><li>AIDS is acquired, not hereditary </li></ul><ul><li>HIV develops into AIDS depending on the body’s defence mechanism </li></ul>
  7. 7. General Population CSWs, MSMs, IVDUs Risk Group Population Bridge Population         Dynamics of HIV Transmission Truckers Migrants General Population Street Children
  8. 9. Other Modes of Transmission of HIV <ul><li>Receipt of blood collected from HIV infected person ~ almost 100% </li></ul><ul><li>Through needle sharing in injecting drug use ~ 0.67 – 3% per episode </li></ul><ul><li>Re-use of unsterilised needles & syringes ~ < 1 per 1000 </li></ul><ul><li>HIV infected mother-to-child ~ 30% </li></ul>
  9. 10. Body Fluids Which Can Transmit HIV <ul><li>Blood, bloody fluids </li></ul><ul><li>Potentially infectious: semen, vaginal secretions & tissue. </li></ul><ul><li>No risk: saliva, tears, sweat, non-bloody urine. </li></ul>
  10. 11. What does HIV-positive mean? <ul><li>The person is infected with HIV. </li></ul><ul><li>A HIV-positive person may not have AIDS. </li></ul>What happens when a person is infected with HIV? <ul><li>May take 6 months to 10 years or more for progression to AIDS. </li></ul><ul><li>On an average, 50% of infected people take about 8 years to progress to AIDS. </li></ul>
  11. 12. What is comprehensive HIV/AIDS care? <ul><li>Clinical and nursing care </li></ul><ul><li>Psychosocial support and counselling </li></ul><ul><li>Economic and employment support </li></ul><ul><li>Legal assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Care and support for orphans and widows </li></ul><ul><li>Training on care and support for caregivers </li></ul>
  12. 13. THANK YOU
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