Building fast track external facing sharepoint site
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Building fast track external facing sharepoint site

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Explains external facing SharePoint site development experience, techniques in agile manner

Explains external facing SharePoint site development experience, techniques in agile manner

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Building fast track external facing sharepoint site Building fast track external facing sharepoint site Presentation Transcript

  • External facing SharePoint site
    By Manish Rawat
    http://www.linkedin.com/in/manishra
  • Architecture and Design Choices
  • Planning - Key Decision Points
  • Planning - Structure
    • Site Collections– It’s container of sites. Decisions
    • Number (How many) and Types (What kind) needed
    • Host header needs
    • Managed Paths – Enables where site collection will get created & help interpret URLs to determine site paths
    • Separate Content Database per site collection possible.Helps Performance and Scalability but rolling up data (query)from multiple Site collection is not OOTB
    • Unique administrative & Security privileges per site collection
    • Backup/Restore can happen per site collection
  • Planning – Structure… continued
    • SSP (v 2007) - hosting shared services that will be used any MOSS Web applications.
    • Search
    • BDC – Business Data catalog to connect to any Line of Business (LOB) apps e.g. SAP
    • User Profiles
    • Usage Reporting …..
    • Scripting
    • Reusable Script needed. Useful in medium to large teams.
    • STSADM is main scripting tool. Free Extensions available.
    • STSADM scripts have options are not available via UI. E.g. assigning Specific DB to Site collection.
    • Navigation : Custom Navigation VS. Built in.
  • Planning - Strategy
    • Branding :
    • Consistent Look and feel in different sites.
    • UI assets location
    • Document Management
    • Content Organization
    • Content Presentation & Customization
    • Content Publishing – OOTB publishing including Quick Deploy
    • Search : Sources, Scope, Keywords, Crawl, Best bets
    • Versioning and Workflow:
    • List versioned
    • Custom Workflow needs
  • Planning - Objects
    • Reuse OOTB Web parts: Content Query Web Part
    • Data pull from anywhere in site collection. Provide RSS capability
    • Custom Look and feel : XSLT conversion
    • Site ColumnsReusable and central managed entity. Its like a data type.
    • Content TypeType definition/Functional unit – collection of setting & metadata.Usually references to site columns - Supports Inheritance - Identify Hierarchy
    • ListsDatabase table whose schema is defined by Content Type OR adding column individually.
    • Page Layouts – Review Wireframes, Identify sections & types of layouts needed
  • Planning - Admin
    • Farm Topology needs
    • Small/Medium/Large Farm
    • Different environments connectivity
    • Automated build needs
    • Securing SharePoint-
    • Intranet, Internet, Extranet
    • Zones requirements
    • Roles and Permission
    • Data Protection, Recovery and Availability
    • Monitoring needs
    • Scalability & Capacity Planning
  • Design Choices
    • Use SharePoint Field Controls vs. Webparts/Lists
    Source : Andrew Connell book - http://www.wrox.com/WileyCDA/WroxTitle/productCd-0470224754.html
    • Provide easy and flexible Page Content authoring (Inline)
    • Project Structure/Processes setup to minimize need of SharePoint knowledge
    • Use OOB controls/infrastructure of SharePoint
    • XCopy (WSP) based deployment
    • Run in Minimal Trust level
    • Feature Based development
  • Models - .NET App & SharePoint App
    • Mix Model : Application consist of combination of SharePoint & asp.net web app
    • SharePoint Only : Application consist SharePoint only
  • Mix Model Design
  • Mix Model Design – continued…
    • ASP.Net page can use API to get content from SharePoint
    • Form Authentication cookie can Shared between multiple Web apps
    • Navigation Providers of ASP.NET & SharePoint combined to give Unified Look
  • Execution
  • Dev Environment
    • No one size fit all.
    • Own Domain environment (AD, TFS, DB, Middle tier Servers all in one domain)
    • All developers (10 to 12) machines/servers in same domain
    • Each developer has its own MOSS setup
    • Testing and Integration environment in same domain
  • Dev Machines Setup
    • Create Base machine (Use 64 bit dev machines )
    • Use Scripts to setup/configure in medium to large Teams/Farms
    • Unattended MOSS installation scripts
    • Setup PDF ifilter to search pdfs
    • Create SSP via scripts
    • Create Web Application
    • Next Steps
  • Solution Structure – Separation of Projects
    • Feature based development is recommended development methodology. It’s a way to deploy functionality (e.g. Page Layout, List) to SharePoint infrastructure
    • Typical SharePoint solution will have
    • Branding Project: Contains master page, page layouts and their corresponding content types
    • Types Project: Contains CAML definition of site columns, List content types etc
    • UserControl Project: Contains ascx controls . V2010 supports visual web parts
    • WebParts Project: Contains web parts definitions and code
    • MetaTag Project – supports adding (http://www.mtelligent.com/journal/2008/1/11/using-the-delegate-control-to-add-meta-tags-to-sharepoint-pa.html)
  • Requirement-Design phase
    • Conditions /Needs
    • Requirements not fully flushed => Page Template/Layout keeps changing
    • PLD (Presentation developer) need isolated environment within SharePoint (Branding VS. Net Project)
    • Process
    • Person ‘X’ to be owner of SharePoint content database. i.e. responsible for types/building blocks
    • Change to Lists, Content Type, Site columns to be performed by Person ‘X’ and distribute the content database backup to team.
    • Page Layout
    • Person ‘X’ to create page layout with required elements (coming from content type)
    • PLD to use SharePoint designer to design Page Layout.
    • Use DisplayMode (Edit /Display) if SharePoint control default rendering is not sufficient
     <PublishingWebControls:editmodepanelrunat="server" id="editmodepanelEditModeQuickLinks" PageDisplayMode="Edit" >
           <PublishingWebControls:RichLinkFieldFieldName="QuickLink1" runat="server" id="RichLinkField0" /></li>
    </PublishingWebControls:editmodepanel>
     
    <PublishingWebControls:EditModePanelrunat="server" id="QuickLink1DisplayMode" PageDisplayMode="Display">
         <pmxServerControls:LinkFieldRendererrunat="server" LinkFieldName="QuickLink1" />
    </PublishingWebControls:EditModePanel>
  • Design-Development phase
    • Conditions /Needs
    • Requirements close to finalization => Page Template/Layout doesn’t change often
    • PLD need isolated environment within SharePoint
    • Process
    • Move SharePoint assets as Features
    • Anyone is team is owner of SharePoint content database.
    • Page Layout
    • PLD to use Visual Studio to design Page.
    • PLD to use Visual Studio -> WSPBuilder -> Copy to 12 Hive to test page. (v 2007)
  • Securing External facing site
    • Enable ViewPageLockdown Feature
    http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc263468.aspxstsadm -o activatefeature -url <site collection url> -filename ViewFormPagesLockDownfeature.xml
    • Allowing and denying access by using the Web.config filehttp://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ee191479.aspx
    <location path="_vti_bin“> <system.web> <authorization> <deny users="?" /> </authorization> </system.web> </location>
  • Securing Sensitive documents
    • Use Separate Site Collection (if possible)
    • Break permission inheritance & disable Anonymous
    • Set NoCrawl property to True
    • Exclude Library in SSP Search Index crawling
    • HTTPHandler to retrieve document - use following in code to retrieve document from library. SPSecurity.RunWithElevatedPrivileges (delegate() { <Insert/Select code to document library>})
  • Tools
    • WSPBuilder (v 2007)
    • Package of related file set deployable to SharePoint from VS.NET
    • Copy to 12 Hive -> Use once a features is deployed
    • You can controls where the assemblies will go (Bin vs. GAC). Bin is preferred because GAC assemblies runs in full control by default.
    • Highly configurable
    • Andrew Connell stsadm extensions
    • Usage: Create Site columns, content types from SharePoint GUI and use following to generate XML to create them as a Feature
    • Generate Site columns from existing SharePoint infrastructure
    STSADM.EXE -o GenSiteColumnsXml -url http://wcm -outputFile "c:siteColumns.xml“
    • Generate Site Content Types from existing SharePoint infrastructure
    STSADM.EXE -o GenContentTypesXml -url http://wcm -outputFile "c:ContentTypes.xml"
    • Generate Site columns from existing SharePoint infrastructure
    STSADM.EXE -o GenSiteColumnsXml -url http://wcm -outputFile "c:sitecolumn.xml“
    • http://www.andrewconnell.com/blog/articles/MossStsadmWcmCommands.aspx