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Delegation of Authority
 

Delegation of Authority

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Presentation on the delegation as a major part of a managerial task.

Presentation on the delegation as a major part of a managerial task.

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    Delegation of Authority Delegation of Authority Presentation Transcript

    • Delegation of Authority
    • Concept of Power
      • “ Power refers to a capacity that A has to influence the behaviour of B so that B does something he or she would not otherwise do.”
    • Concept of Authority
      • “ Authority in the organisation is the power in a position( and through it,the person occupying the position) to exercise discretion in making decisions affecting others.”
    • Responsibility
      • Responsibility comes into existence because a person with authority,requires assistence from another and delegates authority to him.
    • Delegation of Authority
      • By means of delegation,the manager extends his area of operations,for without delegation,his actions are confined to what he himself can perform.
    • Features
      • Delegation is authorisation to a manager to act in a certain manner.
      • Delegation has dual characteristics.
      • Authority once delegated can be enhanced,reduced,or withdrawn .
      • Delegation of authority is always to the position created through the process of organising.
      • A manager delegates authority out of the authority vesting in him.
      • Delegation of authority may be specific or general.
    • Steps in delegation
      • Determination of results expected.
      • Assignments of duties.
      • Authorisation for action.
      • Creation of obligation.
    • Principles of delegation
      • Delegation by results expected.
      • Functional definition.
      • Clarity of lines of authority.
      • a) scaler chain.
      • b) unity of command.
      • Level of authority.
      • Absoluteness of responsibility.
      • Parity of authority and responsibility.
    • Blocks to effective delegation
      • A) Factors in delegator (superior):
      • 1) love for authority.
      • 2) maintenance of tight control.
      • 3) fear of subordinates.
      • 4) fear of exposure.
      • 5) attitude towards subordinates.
      • 6) personality of superior.
    • B) Factors in delegant (subordinate);
      • Subordinates are expected to exercise less authority in the following situations:-
      • 1) when they fear harsh criticism for unfavourable results.
      • 2) when they lack self confidence.
      • 3) when they lack resources.
      • 4) when they have inadequate positive incentives;and
      • 5) when their superior is easily available for making decisions on their part.
    • Organisational factors
      • Various organisational factorssuch as management philosophy,policy towards centralisation or decentralisation, availability of managerial personnel,control techniques,etc. determine the delegation of authority at various levels of management.For eg; even the autocrat has to delegate authority if the organisational factors so warrant.
    • Measures for effective delegation
      • Making the potential delegator feel secure.
      • Creating awareness for need of delegation.
      • Determining decisions and tasks to be delegated.
      • Establishing conducive organisational climate.
      • Choosing the delegant wisely.
      • Tying delegation with planning.
      • Delegating authority for whole job.
      • Developing appropriate control techniques.
    • Reference Principles and Practice of Management by L.m.prasad (sultan chand and sons.)
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