Delegation of Authority
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Delegation of Authority

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Presentation on the delegation as a major part of a managerial task.

Presentation on the delegation as a major part of a managerial task.

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Delegation of Authority Delegation of Authority Presentation Transcript

  • Delegation of Authority
  • Concept of Power
    • “ Power refers to a capacity that A has to influence the behaviour of B so that B does something he or she would not otherwise do.”
  • Concept of Authority
    • “ Authority in the organisation is the power in a position( and through it,the person occupying the position) to exercise discretion in making decisions affecting others.”
  • Responsibility
    • Responsibility comes into existence because a person with authority,requires assistence from another and delegates authority to him.
  • Delegation of Authority
    • By means of delegation,the manager extends his area of operations,for without delegation,his actions are confined to what he himself can perform.
  • Features
    • Delegation is authorisation to a manager to act in a certain manner.
    • Delegation has dual characteristics.
    • Authority once delegated can be enhanced,reduced,or withdrawn .
    • Delegation of authority is always to the position created through the process of organising.
    • A manager delegates authority out of the authority vesting in him.
    • Delegation of authority may be specific or general.
  • Steps in delegation
    • Determination of results expected.
    • Assignments of duties.
    • Authorisation for action.
    • Creation of obligation.
  • Principles of delegation
    • Delegation by results expected.
    • Functional definition.
    • Clarity of lines of authority.
    • a) scaler chain.
    • b) unity of command.
    • Level of authority.
    • Absoluteness of responsibility.
    • Parity of authority and responsibility.
  • Blocks to effective delegation
    • A) Factors in delegator (superior):
    • 1) love for authority.
    • 2) maintenance of tight control.
    • 3) fear of subordinates.
    • 4) fear of exposure.
    • 5) attitude towards subordinates.
    • 6) personality of superior.
  • B) Factors in delegant (subordinate);
    • Subordinates are expected to exercise less authority in the following situations:-
    • 1) when they fear harsh criticism for unfavourable results.
    • 2) when they lack self confidence.
    • 3) when they lack resources.
    • 4) when they have inadequate positive incentives;and
    • 5) when their superior is easily available for making decisions on their part.
  • Organisational factors
    • Various organisational factorssuch as management philosophy,policy towards centralisation or decentralisation, availability of managerial personnel,control techniques,etc. determine the delegation of authority at various levels of management.For eg; even the autocrat has to delegate authority if the organisational factors so warrant.
  • Measures for effective delegation
    • Making the potential delegator feel secure.
    • Creating awareness for need of delegation.
    • Determining decisions and tasks to be delegated.
    • Establishing conducive organisational climate.
    • Choosing the delegant wisely.
    • Tying delegation with planning.
    • Delegating authority for whole job.
    • Developing appropriate control techniques.
  • Reference Principles and Practice of Management by L.m.prasad (sultan chand and sons.)
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