The industrial disputes act,1947 was passed with a
view to removing certain shortcomings found in the
working of the trade disputes act of 1929.
The main purpose of the act was to provide a
conciliation machinery to bring about peaceful
settlement of industrial disputes.
The act came into force on the first day of
OBJECT OF THE ACT
To secure industrial peace
To ameliorate the condition of workmen in industry.
EXTENT OF THE ACT
The act extends to the whole of the India sec
The latest amendment to the act was made in
“ Industry” in sec 2(j) means
“ Any systematic activity organized or arranged in a manner in which trade or business was generally organized or arranged would be an industry even if it proceeded from charitable motives. It was the nature of the activity that had to be considered and it was upon the application of that test that even the states’s inalienable functions fell.
What is included in industry????
What is not included in industry????
Any dispute or difference between:
Employers and Employers
Employers and Workmen
Workmen and Workmen, which is connected with:
The employment or non employment
The terms of employment
The conditions of labour of any person
Appropriate Government sec2 (a)
Average Government sec 2(aaa)
Award sec 2(b)
Board sec2 (c)
Closure sec2 (cc)
Concilliation officer sec 2(d)
Concilliation Proceeding sec 2(e)
Controlled industry sec 2(ee)
Court sec 2(f)
Executive and office bearer in relation to a trade union sec2(gg) and sec 2(lll)
Independent person sec2 (i)
Industrial establishment or under taking sec 2(ka)
Labour court sec 2(kkb)
Lay off sec 2(kkk)
Lock out sec 2(l)
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN LOCK-OUT AND LAY-OFF
Under lock out the employer refuses to give employment because of closing of a place. Under lay off the employer refuses to give employment because of shortage of coal, power or raw materials
Lock out is resorted to the employer to pressurize the workmen to accept his demands, lay off is for trade reasons beyond the control of the employer.
Lock out is due to an industrial dispute and continues during the period of dispute, lay off is not concerned with a dispute with the workmen.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN LOCK OUT AND CLOSURE
In lock out it is only the place of business which is closed while in case of closure of a business not only the place of the business but the business itself is closed.
Lock out is a weapon of coercion in the hands of employer, closure is generally for trade reasons.
In closure there is severance of employment relationship while in lock out there is no severance.
Lock out is caused by the existence or the apprehension of an industrial dispute while a closure need not be in consequence of an industrial dispute.
National tribunal sec2 (ll)
Public utility service sec2 (n)
Retrenchment sec 2(oo)
Difference between retrenchment and closure???
Difference between lock out and retrenchement
Settlement sec 2(p)
Strike sec2 (q)
Trade union sec2 (qq)
Tribunal sec 2 (r)
Unfair labour practice sec2 (ra)
Wages sec2 (rr)
Workmen sec 2 (s)
PROCEDURE FOR SETTLEMENT OF INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES
Works Committees sec (3)
Conciliation officer sec (4)
Boards of conciliation sec (5)
Courts of enquiry sec (6)
Labour courts sec (7)
Industrial tribunals sec 7(a)
National tribunals sec 7(b)
Works Committees (Powers and duties):
Promote measures for securing and preserving amity and good relations.
Comment upon matters of there common interest.
Endeavor to compose any material difference of opinion in respect of such matters.
Conciliation officers(Duties)sec 12
1)To hold conciliation proceedings.
2)To investigate the dispute.
3)To send a report and memorandum of
settlement to appropriate government.
4)To send a full report to the appropriate government setting forth the steps taken by him in case of settlement is arrived at.
Power to enter premises.
Power to call for and inspect documents.
Boards of Conciliation(Duties) sec (13)
To bring about a settlement of the dispute.
To send a report and memorandum of settlement to the appropriate government.
To send a full report to the appropriate government setting forth the steps taken by the board in case no settlement is arrived at.
4)To communicate reasons to the parties if no further reference made.
5)To submit report within two months.
Power to enter premises.
Powers of civil court.
Courts of enquiry
Matters within the jurisdiction of labour courts:
To adjudicate upon industrial disputes relating to matters specified in the second schedule.