Leadership

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  • 1. Importance of Leadership Deepa Makhija Manisha Kunwar Juanita Kasbe Rahul Chaudhary
  • 2. L – Leading E – Efficiently in A – All D – Departments wit E – Effective R – Representation “To an extent, leadership is like beauty: it’s hard to define, but you know it when you see it.” Warren Bennis
  • 3. What is Leadership? • John Newstrom and Keith Davis have described leadership as “the process of influencing and supporting others to work enthusiastically toward achieving objectives.” It is a process whereby one individual influences other group members toward the attainment of defined group or organizational goals.” • Leadership is not the same as management. Although leaders need management skills, they possess many other important qualities and have many other functions to perform.
  • 4. Concept of Leadership • Leadership is defined as the relationship in which one person influences others to work together to reach a desired level of achievement. If there is no follower, there is no leader. • “Leadership is the process by which an executive or a manager imaginatively directs, guides and influences the work of others in choosing and attaining specified goals by mediation between the individual and organization in such a manner that both will obtain the maximum satisfaction.” SMU Learning Centre, Alwar LC Code 03034 4
  • 5. Leadership involves: • Establishing a clear vision, • Sharing that vision with others so that they will follow willingly, • Providing the information, knowledge and methods to realize that vision, and • Coordinating and balancing the conflicting interests of all members and stakeholders.
  • 6. Types of Leadership
  • 7. Autocratic Leaders: Autocratic leaders are an excessive form of transactional leadership, where a leader makes use of high levels of power over his team members. People within the team are given few opportunities for making suggestions, even if these would be in the team's or organizations interest.
  • 8. Bureaucratic Leaders: Bureaucratic leaders work by the book, ensuring that their staffs follow procedures accurately. This is a very right approach for work involving serious safety risks (such as working with machinery, with toxic substances or at heights) or where large sums of money are involved (such as cashprocess).
  • 9. Charismatic Leaders: A charismatic leaders style can appear similar to a transformational leadership style, in that the leader bring in huge doses of enthusiasm into his team, and is very energetic in driving others forward. Charismatic leadership carries great responsibility, and needs longterm commitment from the leader.
  • 10. Democratic Leaders: A democratic leader makes the final decision but he invites other members to contribute to the decision-making process, which increases job satisfaction by involving team members and also helps to develop people’s skills. Team members feel in control of their own destiny, and are motivated to work smart.
  • 11. Laissez-Faire Leaders: They known as “Delegate leader” offer little or no guidance to group members and leave decision-making up to group members. While this style can be effective in situations where group members are highly qualified in an area of expertise, it often leads to poorly defined roles and a lack of motivation.
  • 12. As the perfect leader had the most known 3 styles as he play the role of each type in situation he face as below
  • 13. Characteristics of Leadership  Drive  Intelligence  Energy levels and stress tolerance  Optimistic: Most leaders are highly optimistic  Emotional maturity  Honesty and integrity  Leadership motivation  Self-confidence  Cognitive ability  Knowledge of the business
  • 14. Functions of a Leader           Policy Maker Planner Executive External Group Representative Controller of Internal Group Relationship Controller of Reward and Punishment Arbitrator and Mediator Exemplar Father Figure Spacegoat
  • 15. Importance of Leadership A clear vision Effective Planning Inspiration and Motivation New Ideas Employee Relation Crisis Management
  • 16. Warren Bennis (1989) has given twelve differences between leaders and managers. They are: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Managers administer, leaders innovate. Managers ask how and when, leaders ask what and why. Managers focus on systems, leaders focus on people. Managers do things right, leaders do the right things. Managers maintain, leaders develop. Managers depend on control, leaders inspire trust. Managers have a short-term perspective, leaders have a long-term perspective.
  • 17. 8. Managers accept the situation as it is (status quo), leaders challenge the status quo. 9. Managers have an eye on the bottom line, leaders have an eye on the horizon. 10. Managers imitate (copy), leaders originate (have original ideas) 11. Managers follow the classic good soldier (examples set or methods used by other people), leaders are their own person. 12. Managers copy, leaders show originality.