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Means of transport in india - Air Transportation

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An attempt is made to have a clear picture of the growth of Air Transportation in India. …

An attempt is made to have a clear picture of the growth of Air Transportation in India.

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  • 1. Means of Transport in India By: Manisha Joshi
  • 2. Air Transport  The fastest and most modern means of Transportation.  Useful for transporting costly and light-weight consignments.  Used in spraying pesticides in agricultural fields.  It is a very expensive means of transport.
  • 3. History and Growth of Air Transport in India o In Asia, India was the first country to introduce AIR SERVICES in 1914. o However, Air Services progressed only after the Second world war. o Nearly 10 Air Companies were working in the country on the eve of independence.
  • 4. o In 1950, Air Transport Inquiry Committee was established. o On its recommendations, Air Transport was o nationalized in 1953; o Two corporations were established viz. Air India and Indian Airlines. o Now, Air Corporation Act, 1953 has been repealed and monopoly of Air India and Indian Airlines ended. o Now, PRIVATE AIRLINES have been allowed.
  • 5. In 2011-2012, Passengers handled at In tenth year period (2002-2007)  Growth in International passengers - 13.38 % p.a.  International Terminals – 380 lakh  Domestic Terminals – 1060 lakh  Growth in Domestic passengers – 21.78 % p.a. In 2009, India had BILATERAL Air Service Agreements with 104 countries.
  • 6. Main Airline Services in India
  • 7. AIR INDIA • International Air Service of India. • It owns a fleet of 16 Aircrafts • It has taken 20 Aircrafts on lease. It operates 200 flights per week. In 2005-2006, Government accorded approval to Air India for acquiring 68 more aircrafts.
  • 8. • It is the DOMESTIC Air Service of Indian government. • It operates at 58 domestic airports. • In 2005-2006, it has a fleet of 73 aircrafts. • Later, Government gave approval for acquiring 43 Airbus aircraft.
  • 9. In year 2007, both Air India and Indian Airlines have been merged in NACIL. In November 2010, Name of NACIL has been changed to AIR INDIA LTD. In 2011-2012, NACIL has  Fleet strength – 91 aircrafts  Carried passengers – 134.3 lakh
  • 10.  One of the India’s leading Helicopter Companies.  Incorporated in 1985.  It owned 42 helicopters in 2011-2012.  Objective is to provide Helicopter services to 1) Petroleum sector 2) Inaccessible areas of the country 3) Promote Tourism.
  • 11.  During 2006, it started its operations.  It is a subsidiary of Air India to provide low cost air services.  Air India has leased its 7 aircrafts to Air India Express Ltd.  Presently, it has a fleet of 4 leased and 7 owned aircrafts.
  • 12. Alliance Air  It is a subsidiary of Air India ltd.  It has started operations in the North-East region of the country.
  • 13. Private Airlines
  • 14.  In April 1997, private airlines have been allowed to provide Airline services in India. owns more than 20 aircrafts + background of 5 years domestic services with Government approval Can provide airline services at International destinations EXCEPT Gulf Nations.  Private Airlines hold 69% of domestic traffic.
  • 15.  Established on April 1, 1995.  It manages 133 airports; a) International – 17 b) domestic airports – 88 c) Civil enclaves at defence airfields - 25
  • 16.  Controls and manages entire Indian air space.  It provides safe and efficient air traffic services  Constructing and maintaining runway  Terminal buildings  Provides air safety services  Arranges search and rescue facilities.
  • 17. Objectives and Projects  Modernization of International airports in Delhi and Mumbai through private sector participation.  Development and modernization of 35 non-metro airports in India.  Construction of 3 more Greenfield airports of International standards at Goa, Ahmedabad and Thiruvananthapuram.  Substantial up gradation of Kolkata and Chennai airports.
  • 18. 35 Non-Metro Airports
  • 19. Air Transport and Plans Year Plans First Eighth Ninth Tenth Eleventh Twelfth Amount spent on Air Transport 23.2 crore 4,083 crore (private airways companies entered and spent 7,249 crore on it) 9,432 crore 12,928 crore 43,560 crore (for development of Civil aviation sector) Aim is to make India among top 5 Civil aviation Nations
  • 20. New Liberalized Policy relating to Air Transport
  • 21.  In November 1979, OPEN SKIES POLICY was announced.  Allowance to Private Airlines to participate in Air transport Services. East-West Airlines – the first company which launched in operations in February 1992. But now it has closed its operations.
  • 22.  In 1994, by an act Government revoked 40 year old Air Corporation act. - Denationalization of Air transport. - On January 29, 1994, Air Corporation (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Ordinance was passed. - Objective a) To end up monopoly of Public Sector in Domestic airline services. b)To allow private sector to participate in air transport. - Under this act, Air India and Indian Airlines were recognized as Public ltd. Cos.
  • 23.  Private airlines with a fleet of at least 20 aircrafts have been allowed to fly to International destinations. Share sold to Private Investors 40% Air India 60% Indian Airlines
  • 24.  International Airports in Delhi and Mumbai have been modernized through private sector participation.  The Government approved the merger of Air India and Indian Airlines in year 2007. - A new company, National Aviation Company of India ltd. has been incorporated. - In November 2010, the name of NACIL has been changed to AIR INDIA LTD. with its logo ‘Maharaja’.
  • 25.  Airport Economic regulatory Act 2008 has been notified from January 1, 2009. This act provides fixation of user charges for maintenance and development of airports.  The Twelfth plan has targeted to provide world class infrastructure facilities Safe, reliable, comfortable and affordable air services so as to encourage growth in air passengers and air cargo traffic.

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