INTRODUCTION<br /><ul><li>NREGA- National Rural Employment Guarantee Act
Enacted by legislation on August 25,2005
Legal Guarantee of 100 days of employment
Employment within 15 days of application
Work within 5 kilometers
Payment within 15 days
No gender discrimination
Basic worksite facilities</li></li></ul><li>HISTORY<br /><ul><li>Launched on Feb 2,2006 from Anantapur in Andhra Pradesh.
Implemented in phased manner covering 200 districts, With minimum wages Rs 60.
It was started with the budget of 11000 crores.
Strengthed the social and gender equality dimensions as 23% workers under the scheme are Scheduled Castes,17% Scheduled Tribes and 50% women.</li></li></ul><li>OBJECTIVES OF MGNERGA<br />MAIN OBJECTIVE:-<br />To enhance the livelihood security of the household in rural areas-<br /><ul><li>By providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment.
Whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.</li></li></ul><li>OTHER OBJECTIVES:-<br /><ul><li> Strengthening grass root processes of democracy infusing transparency and accountability in governance.</li></ul> <br /><ul><li> Guaranteed demand based funding from Central Budget.
Act as a growth engine for sustainable development of an agricultural economy.
Providing employment on works that address causes of chronic poverty such as:-</li></ul> ---drought, deforestation, soil erosion.<br />
<ul><li>Empower rural poor through the processes of a rights-based law to foster social equality.
To reduce rural-urban migration.</li></li></ul><li>PROCESS AND WORKING OF<br /> MGNREGA<br />
--Within 15 Days<br />
Process<br /><ul><li>Adult members of a rural household, willing to do unskilled manual work, may apply for registration in writing or orally to the local Gram Panchayat.
After verification by gram panchayat, they issue a job card which bear the photograph of all the adult member of household.
Job Card should be issued within 15 days of application.
Job Card holder may submit a written application for employment to the Gram Panchayat</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Gram Panchayat will issue a receipt of the written application, which give guaranteed job within 15 days.
If job is not given within 15 days then daily unemployment allowance as per the Act, has to be paid.
Work should be within 5 km radius of the village. If not then extra wages of 10% should be given.
Wages should not be less than RS.60/day and it is different for different states. Equal wages will be provided to both men and women. </li></li></ul><li>Features<br /><ul><li> Wages are to be paid according to piece rate or daily rate. Disbursement of wages has to be done on weekly basis.
At least 1/3 rd beneficiaries should be women.
Work site should provide facilities such as crèche, drinking water etc.
Permissible works include water and soil conservation, afforestration and land development works.
A 60:40 wage and material ratio has to be maintained. No contractors and machinery is allowed.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Social Audit (work environment, wages, benefits etc) has to be done by the Gram Sabha.
Grievance redressal mechanisms have to be put in place.
All accounts and records relating to the scheme should be available for public.
Central Government bears the 100% wage cost of unskilled manual labour and 75% of the material cost including the wages of skilled and semi skilled workers. </li></li></ul><li>Key Role Players Of MGNREGA<br /><ul><li>Wage seekers
Receiving applications for employment, employment within fifteen days of application
Monitoring the implementation of the Scheme at the village level</li></ul>Responsibility at Block Level<br /><ul><li>Scrutinizing the annual development plan proposed by the GPs
Matching employment opportunities with the demand for work
Monitoring and supervising implementation, disposal of complaints
Ensuring that social audits are conducted by the Gram Sabha
Payment of unemployment allowance</li></li></ul><li>Responsibility at District <br /><ul><li>Information dissemination, Consolidating block plans into district plan
Ensuring administrative and technical approvals to the shelf of projects
Release and utilization of funds and Submission of Monthly Progress Reports</li></ul>Responsibility at State Level<br /><ul><li>Ensuring that the State share of the NREGA budget is released on time
Establishing a network of professional agencies for technical support and for quality-control measures
Regular review, monitoring and evaluation of NREGS Ensuring accountability and transparency in the Scheme at all levels</li></ul>Ministry of Rural Development<br />He prepares annual report, evaluate and monitors the implementation <br />Of scheme. <br />
WOMEN”S role IN MGNREGA<br />“Priority” should be given to women in the allocation of work “in such a way that at least one-third of the beneficiaries shall be women”<br />[Schedule II, Para 6, NREGA] . <br />
Women and MGNREGA<br />Equal wages.-planning-awareness-work site facilities-work allocation<br />
Share of women in MGNREGA employment<br />National average: 40% highest share: Tamil nadu 81% rajasthan 67% kerala 66% andhra pradesh 55%lowest share: bihar 17% uttar pradesh 17% himanchal pradesh 12% jammu & kashmir 4% <br />
Achievements For Women<br />Participation of women<br />Helped to empower women<br />Participated in important decisions of her family and society<br />Equal wage for men and women<br />
ACHIEVMENTS<br />Maximizing work opportunities.<br />Inclusive growth.<br />Augmenting household income, savings and investment.<br />Financial inclusion.<br />Regenerating Natural Resources.<br />Drought mitigation.<br />ICT as a growth trigger for rural development<br />
FUTURE OF NREGA<br />The nature and type of NREGA projects,<br /> The interest and aspiration of workers,<br /> Overcoming the saturation of useful and relevant project ideas for villages.<br />Implementation of transparency safeguards<br /> Timely wage payments.<br />Need for a wage policy.<br />Women’s participation.<br />Redressal systems!<br />
CONTINUED……<br />NREGA is here to..<br /> monitor the programme effectively.<br />Other development programs like bharat niramn should sync with NREGA.<br />From quantitative employment generation to susutainable development through asset building.<br />Village level resource planning and development.<br />Represntatives<br />Proper election and training.<br />More power to panchayat raj. <br />
Amendments in NREGA<br />(14th Feb,2011)1st day of Jan,2011,the words or the date of actual payment of the revised wage rate whichever is later shall be inserted<br />(29th Oct, 2010) Disbursement of daily wages shall be made on a weekly basis or in any case not later than a fortnight after the date on which such work was done. <br />
Amendments in NREGA<br />
Amendments in NREGA<br />(14th May,2010)<br />(7th Jan,2010) NREGA was renamed to MGNREGA<br />Old Logo<br />New Logo<br />
Amendments in NREGA<br />(26th Aug,2009)Advisory to drought affected states (initiated by Ministry of Rural Development).<br /><ul><li> Adequate funds should be transferred to Gram Panchayats.
Wages disbursed within a week of closure of muster rolls.</li></li></ul><li>Problems in NREGA<br />Payments of workers are being delayed as there is a late measurement of work.<br />Only 19% of the 8.5 lakh differently able people registered for the scheme have got work under NREGA.<br />Another issue is that of fake muster rolls & bills being generated.<br />Elite groups within the workers capture most of the job cards.<br />Socio-economic indicators of most of their districts are generally below the national average.<br />
<ul><li>Due to negligence of panchayats and development block MGNREGA is being called A WASTE OF MONEY.
Officials incharge are neglecting their duties and work with casual attitude.
Lack of IT infrastructure.
Frequent strikes by staff for increase in salary.
In April 2010 MGNREGA became a part of corruption scandal.</li></li></ul><li>Thank You<br />