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New media technologies in today's world

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A presentation prepared for lecture as a resource person for the UGC Staff Training College at the University of Mumbai Computer Science Dept. It was nice interacting with fellow teachers, for a …

A presentation prepared for lecture as a resource person for the UGC Staff Training College at the University of Mumbai Computer Science Dept. It was nice interacting with fellow teachers, for a change.

Published in: Technology, News & Politics

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  • 1. ICT and New Media in Today’s World ICT and New Media in Today’s World Mangesh Karandikar Asst. Professor, Department of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai Dept. website: www.mcjmumbai.orgE-mail: mangesh.karandikar@gmail.comWebsite: www.karandikars.com
  • 2. ICT and New Media in Today’s World• The technological developments in information and communication technology have been unprecedented.• New challenges that surpass the traditional sociological, economic, political phenomena.• The developments since the 1960’s and especially since the early 1990’s have been very rapid Mangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 3. ICT and New Media in Today’s World• 1960’s - ARPANET Advanced Research Projects Agency Network• 1982 – The Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) was standardized. The concept of a world wide network introduced.• 1980’s to 1990’s commercial ISPs – complete commercialization in 1995 Mangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 4. ICT and New Media in Today’s World• 1980’s – MacBride Report• Many Voices, One world• New World Communication Order- to discuss the fundamental issues of imbalances in global communication.• Failure because US and UK pulled out citing commercial reasons (it was condemned by the United States and the United Kingdom as an attack on the freedom of the press) Mangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 5. ICT and New Media in Today’s World• 1984 - Sam Pitroda• Father of India’s communication revolution. Mangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 6. ICT and New Media in Today’s World• The STD PCO booths all over the country Mangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 7. ICT and New Media in Today’s World• The development of communication and information technology in India kept pace with the developments in the world.• There have been parallel developments in all forms of mass communication - Print, Radio, Films, Video, and Internet…… and now mobiles. Mangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 8. ICT and New Media in Today’s World• Telephones – Analogue – DoT – VSNL and MTNL – Electronic / Digital Exchanges Mangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 9. ICT and New Media in Today’s World• Radio – State owned – PrasarBharati – FM Radio Stations – Community Radio Stations Mangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 10. ICT and New Media in Today’s World• Print Technology – Letter Press – Litho press – Offset Printing – Plates – DTP – Computer to plate Mangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 11. ICT and New Media in Today’s World• Computers – 286 – 386 – 486 – 586 – Pentiums – Dual Core – Core 2 Duo – Quad Core – i3, i5 and i7 Mangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 12. ICT and New Media in Today’s World• Internet – 1995 – VSNL – Rs.15000/- 100 hours – 14.4 to 56.6 kbps – Broadband – 1 Mbps? Internet connection speed results: File Size: 5000KB Time to Download: 43.4secon(s) Your Bandwidth: 1040.16Kbps (1.016Mbps) Mangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 13. ICT and New Media in Today’s World• Mobiles – 1995-96 – Incoming Rs.16, Outgoing Rs.32 – Kar Lo DuniyaMutthiMein, December 28, 2002 – 2G, 3G and now 4G? Mangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 14. ICT and New Media in Today’s World• Films – 35 mm, 70 mm, IMAX – Digital Broadcast• Video – Video Cassettes / VCR / VCP – Beta / DigiBeta – Hi 8 / Digital 8 – DV/MiniDV – HD – 3D Mangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 15. ICT and New Media in Today’s World• Gulshan Kumar – T-Series – Aashiqui• Reliance – Kar Lo DuniyaMuthiMein• MoserBaer – DVDs and VCDs Mangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 16. ICT and New Media in Today’s World• Where are we heading today?• Computers – Internet – Mobile phones – Convergence • Text • Messages • Voice • Video • Social Networking• The consumers have become producers of content, but ….. Mangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 17. ICT and New Media in Today’s WorldMangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 18. ICT and New Media in Today’s WorldMangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 19. ICT and New Media in Today’s WorldMangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 20. ICT and New Media in Today’s WorldMangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 21. ICT and New Media in Today’s WorldMangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 22. ICT and New Media in Today’s WorldMangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 23. ICT and New Media in Today’s World• Physically distant individuals become accessible and available (Goffman 1963).• We live in a world of ‘timeless space’• Collapse of traditional constraints of distance where the virtual co-presence transcends the problem of proximity. Mangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 24. ICT and New Media in Today’s World• Internet, its use and abuse has led to an evolution of a society addicted to and dependent on technology.• Isolation and Fragmentation• Deterioration of Social Capital – Robert Putnam – Bowling Alone• Social Disengagement• Transformation of the Public Sphere - Habermas Mangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 25. ICT and New Media in Today’s World• Has the ‘Spiral of Silence’ been broken? Elisabeth Neumann• Are we in a process of ‘re-tribalization?• Does the Equalization and the Normalization theory apply to ‘Internet societies’?• There are more opportunities for audiences to ignore the ‘rational’ and ‘political’ messages and opt for entertaining ones (Blumler, 1999). Mangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 26. ICT and New Media in Today’s World• Has our culture surrendered to Technology? – Technopoly by Neil Postman (1992)• Are Facebook, Twitter, E-mails, Blogs, MySpace our future methods of communication?• Is what we know as our world today lost already? Mangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 27. ICT and New Media in Today’s World • Students offer prayers prior to the start of lessons on their One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) laptops at VastiVidhalaya- a Marathi medium school at Khairat, in Karjat district some 75 km north of Indias financial capital of Mumbai. • Photograph: Pal Pillai/AFP/Getty Images • Source: http://specials.rediff.com/mon ey/2008/aug/07slde1.htmMangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 28. ICT and New Media in Today’s World • Upon sending a single- button-click request from an icon-based software application on their mobile phone, fishermen access vital updates on wave height, wind speed and direction, potential fishing zones, news alerts, government schemes and latest market prices in their local language (Tamil).Mangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 29. ICT and New Media in Today’s World • Dr. SugataMitra, Chief Scientist at NIIT, is credited with the discovery of Hole-in- the-Wall. On 26th January, 1999 Dr. Mitras team carved a "hole in the wall" that separated the NIIT premises from the adjoining slum in Kalkaji, New Delhi.The acquisition of basic computing skills byany set of children can be achieved throughincidental learning provided the learners aregiven access to a suitable computing facility,with entertaining and motivating contentand some minimal (human) guidance. Mangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 30. ICT and New Media in Today’s World• Aren’t we the ‘Jeans Generation’?• Our parents were probably the ‘IraniChai’ generation!• Social drinking was taboo.• There were no ‘days’. We were always friends…. or in love! Mangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 31. ICT and New Media in Today’s World• The need is to channelize the energy, give a direction to how the Internet and the mobiles are used.• Encourage – Learning tools/sites (khanacademy.com, brainpop.com) – Good language. – Making ‘friends’ from abroad – we had pen friends didn’t we? – Make that new ‘Idiot Box’ into a ‘Smart Box’ Mangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 32. ICT and New Media in Today’s World• Make them write a blog.• Help them create their own website (Cost: Rs.1500/- per year).• Internet addiction … It’s better than drugs!• Channelize their creative energies. Mangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 33. ICT and New Media in Today’s World www.jamlekhan.orgMangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com
  • 34. ICT and New Media in Today’s World www.sancharfirst.comMangesh Karandikar, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Communication and Journalism, University of Mumbai. www.sancharFirst.com