Introduction To GIS


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Introduction To GIS

  1. 1. Introduction to GIS
  2. 2. Elements <ul><li>Geographic Information System (GIS) </li></ul><ul><li>Remote Sensing </li></ul><ul><li>Aerial Photography </li></ul><ul><li>Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) </li></ul><ul><li>Satellite Positioning (eg. GPS) </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is GIS? GIS It is a system which STORES, RE PRESENTS FEATURES present on earth surface & ANALYSE them Geographic Information System
  4. 4. Components of GIS Database <ul><li>Components of GIS </li></ul><ul><li>Database </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Software </li></ul><ul><li>Hardware </li></ul>
  5. 5. What does GIS do? <ul><li>Provide visualization of data </li></ul>
  6. 6. What does GIS do? <ul><li>Which can assist in answering: </li></ul><ul><li>Where your customers live? </li></ul><ul><li>Profile of area from where your revenue come? </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship between the customers, sales and economic indicators? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Prevailing situation <ul><li>Collect vast amounts of data </li></ul>Logistics Sales Data Product Demand Market Response Customer RDBMS Industry Data Information Marketing Finance Sales Accounts
  8. 8. Value Addition! <ul><li>Data becomes valuable when it is analyzed and acted upon </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visualizing data leads to smarter business decisions </li></ul></ul></ul>Customer Address Store Sites Sales Territories Demographic Business Data Clients Habit / Influence of Competition Feasibility of new outlets Spatial Data Sets Spatial Data Sets Non Spatial Data
  9. 9. GIS Applications <ul><li>Some static Examples </li></ul>
  10. 10. GIS in Relief Operations Disaster in Chemical Plant
  11. 11. GIS in Relief Operations Zone identification
  12. 12. GIS in Relief Operations Emergency Relief Operations 3.14 Sq Km Approx Population ~12,500
  13. 13. Pharma Shops Rural Health Service
  14. 14. Villages covered Assuming each pharma shop covers 8 KM radius Rural Health Service
  15. 15. Potential Site Rural Health Service
  16. 16. Back to GIS Technologies <ul><li>Other elements of GIS Technologies </li></ul>
  17. 17. Remote Sensing
  18. 18. Remote Sensing
  19. 19. Aerial Photography
  20. 20. LiDAR <ul><li>Light Pulses > Speed of Light </li></ul><ul><li>Time Interval > Distance </li></ul><ul><li>Profile </li></ul>
  21. 21. Measuring with LiDAR LIDAR measures objects from “line of sight” Picture Ref: URL1
  22. 22. LiDAR
  23. 23. LiDAR
  24. 24. Field Surveying <ul><li>Total Station </li></ul><ul><li>Positioning Equipments (GPS) </li></ul><ul><li>Laser Scanners </li></ul>
  25. 25. Usage Layout Industry Utility Water Supply, Sewerage, Garbage Collection, Postal Services, Electricity, Public Transport Resource Management CAPE, Precision Farming, Fertilizer Modeling Forestry, Water Resources, Wildlife, Mineral Resources etc Agriculture Defense & Security Infrastructure Business Army, Navy & Air Force; Police, Border Security Force, CISF Oil Pipelines, Highway Construction, Airports, Power Distribution Business Intelligence, Logistics Land Info Sys Health Archaeology
  26. 26. GIS Applications <ul><li>Discovering through Discussion </li></ul>
  27. 27. Utility <ul><li>Water Supply </li></ul><ul><li>Sewerage </li></ul><ul><li>Garbage Collection </li></ul><ul><li>Postal Services </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity </li></ul><ul><li>Public Transport </li></ul>
  28. 28. Resource Management <ul><li>Forestry </li></ul><ul><li>Water Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Wildlife </li></ul><ul><li>Mineral Resources </li></ul>
  29. 29. Agriculture <ul><li>??? </li></ul>
  30. 30. Defense & Internal Security <ul><li>Armed forces </li></ul><ul><li>Air force </li></ul><ul><li>Navy </li></ul><ul><li>Police </li></ul><ul><li>Border Security Force </li></ul><ul><li>CISF </li></ul>
  31. 31. Upcoming Technologies & Applications
  32. 32. 3D GIS
  33. 33. Vehicle Navigation
  34. 34. Trends <ul><li>Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subscription Model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pay per use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No maintenance / updation required </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most of the LBS service in US is moving to SOA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some of the GIS software is moving to SOA </li></ul></ul>