Simple Past Tense-Form-Meaning and Use-Pronunciation
How do we form the simple past tense?English has two types of verbs in the past: -regular -irregular
Let’s read the following list of past tenseverbs….. Which are regular and which areirregular?walked regularstudied regulartaught irregulargave irregularbecame irregularcried regularlived regulardid irregular
Regular verbs are verbs that end with -edSimple form verbs: Past tense verbs:walk walkedstudy studiedcry criedlive lived
Rules for adding –ed:Add –ed to most verbsDrop the “e” and add “ed” to verbs that end with “e” (smile= smiled).Change the “y” to “i” and add –ed to verbs that end with a consonant and “y” (carry= carried, study= studied).Double the consonant and add –ed to verbs that end with one vowel and one consonant ( drag= dragged, stop= stopped).
Irregular verbs are verbs that don’t end in–ed…….. Sometimes with irregular past tense verbs you have to change the vowel to make the verb past tense:become becamegive gavedrive droveforget forgot
Other irregular verbs have a different kindof change…..you need to memorizethese!teach taughtbring broughtleave lefthear heardbuy bought
Why do we use past tense verbs?TO TELL THAT AN ACTION ISCOMPLETED!!!!!! FINISHED!!! OVER!!!
PRONOUNCIATION OF REGULARVERBS…… The –ed ending in English has three different sounds: t: walked, talked, jumped d: played, loved, answered id: invited, waited decided.... *With –id sounding words, there is another syllable!
How can you practice past tense verbs?Phonemically (word sorts)Bingo!ModelingSurvey says……Nancy Fetzer………Direct instruction + muiltiple opportunities to practice = Skill mastery!!!!!