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General Principles Of Pharmacology1
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General Principles Of Pharmacology1

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  • 1. General Principles of Pharmacology Drug Names Drug Categories
  • 2. Drug Names
    • Have several assigned to them
    • Chemical name
    • Generic name
    • Trade name
  • 3. Chemical Name
    • Gives the exact chemical makeup of the drug
    • Not capitalized
  • 4. Generic Name
    • Name given before the drug becomes official
    • May be used in all countries and all manufacturers
    • Not capitalized
  • 5. Trade Name
    • Name that is registered by the manufacturer and followed by the trademark symbol
    • Name can only be used by the manufacturer
    • A drug may have several trade names, depending on the number of manufacturers
    • Is capitalized
  • 6. Drug Category
    • Prescription
    • Nonprescription
    • Controlled substance
  • 7. Prescription Drugs
    • Designated by the federal government as being harmful, unless their use is supervised by a licensed health care provider
    • Nurse practitioner, physician, or dentist
    • Nurse monitors for harmful effects
    • Largest drug category
  • 8. Rx
    • Name of the drug
    • Dosage
    • Route
    • Times of administration
    • Signature
  • 9. Nonprescription Drugs
    • OTC colds, headaches, constipation, diarrhea, upset stomach
    • Safe when used as directed
    • Potentially harmful
    • Read the label
  • 10. Controlled Substance
    • High potential for abuse
    • Physical dependency
    • Psychological dependency
  • 11. Pregnancy
    • Both prescription and OTC can have teratogen effects
    • In general most drugs should be avoided in pregnancy unless benefits outweight risks
    • The Motherisk Program

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