General Principles Of Pharmacology1

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General Principles Of Pharmacology1

  1. 1. General Principles of Pharmacology Drug Names Drug Categories
  2. 2. Drug Names <ul><li>Have several assigned to them </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical name </li></ul><ul><li>Generic name </li></ul><ul><li>Trade name </li></ul>
  3. 3. Chemical Name <ul><li>Gives the exact chemical makeup of the drug </li></ul><ul><li>Not capitalized </li></ul>
  4. 4. Generic Name <ul><li>Name given before the drug becomes official </li></ul><ul><li>May be used in all countries and all manufacturers </li></ul><ul><li>Not capitalized </li></ul>
  5. 5. Trade Name <ul><li>Name that is registered by the manufacturer and followed by the trademark symbol </li></ul><ul><li>Name can only be used by the manufacturer </li></ul><ul><li>A drug may have several trade names, depending on the number of manufacturers </li></ul><ul><li>Is capitalized </li></ul>
  6. 6. Drug Category <ul><li>Prescription </li></ul><ul><li>Nonprescription </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled substance </li></ul>
  7. 7. Prescription Drugs <ul><li>Designated by the federal government as being harmful, unless their use is supervised by a licensed health care provider </li></ul><ul><li>Nurse practitioner, physician, or dentist </li></ul><ul><li>Nurse monitors for harmful effects </li></ul><ul><li>Largest drug category </li></ul>
  8. 8. Rx <ul><li>Name of the drug </li></ul><ul><li>Dosage </li></ul><ul><li>Route </li></ul><ul><li>Times of administration </li></ul><ul><li>Signature </li></ul>
  9. 9. Nonprescription Drugs <ul><li>OTC colds, headaches, constipation, diarrhea, upset stomach </li></ul><ul><li>Safe when used as directed </li></ul><ul><li>Potentially harmful </li></ul><ul><li>Read the label </li></ul>
  10. 10. Controlled Substance <ul><li>High potential for abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Physical dependency </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological dependency </li></ul>
  11. 11. Pregnancy <ul><li>Both prescription and OTC can have teratogen effects </li></ul><ul><li>In general most drugs should be avoided in pregnancy unless benefits outweight risks </li></ul><ul><li>The Motherisk Program </li></ul>

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