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Marga ppt 10 nov 8 part ii

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  • 1. The Urban Century: Theory and Practice Urban Foundation Course Fall 2010 / Class 10, November 8 Modes of Intervention 1 Urban Plans and Theories Part II
  • 2. Paris, 1789 Other 19th Century Urban Plans: Haussmann (1852- 1870)
  • 3. Paris, Haussmann Plan 1850s Streets and boulevards, façade regulations opened to real state Water and sewers Private and public investments Annexation of suburbs…
  • 4. 1888 International Exhibition BCN Renewal & Exhibitions
  • 5. September 11, 1714: The city falls to the King Felipe V Bourbons Dynasty - Building of the of the citadel demolished in 1868 Park 1888 Universal Exhibition
  • 6. Parc de la Citadel
  • 7. 1929 Barcelona population: 1,000,000 Second International Exposition in Barcelona, Montjuïc Mies s Pavillon
  • 8. 1929 International Exhibition
  • 9. ... the city as a stage ... ...monuments.... vistas... ...a celebration of the city...
  • 10. Mies Van Der Rohe - German Pavilion ...contrasts...
  • 11. Pueblo Español Today it is another neigbourhood Not demolished, responding to people’s demands
  • 12. Le Corbusier, Plan Voisin for Paris 1922-1929 contrasted with the existing city structure in the context of the inner city Applies the concepts develop in the Contemporary City of 3 million people (1922) 24 skyscrapers arranged around a central traffic hub city crown within an large green area, divided by a system of hierarchically arranged streets (reign of the automobile) The four functions (work, dwelling, leisure and traffic) clearly segregated
  • 13. La Ville Radieuse, 1935 (The Radiant City) Used in The Athens Charter (1943) Segregation of Function Differentiation of Urban Functions, Methodical separation A Universal Formal Solution Proposed as an instrument which can and must be used to solve problems in architecture and urban planning at any time…. any place… A concentrated and dense City Strong Centrality Skyscrapers? inspired in New York..!
  • 14. The Functional City in Barcelona, 1932 ! Le Corbusier and Gacpac, Macia plan * No Gatcpac architect involved in the BCN renewal of 1929 exhibition •Redistribution of urban land and rationalization of transport and communication and infrastructure * Business center at the waterfront * Keeping the existing city (Barrio Gotico and Eixample) + 2 new districts of Super block dwellings, linked by a new superhighway bisecting the city connecting * with the industrial area and “Ciutat de Repos” on the Mediterranean coast
  • 15. After the Civil War: Franco regime by 1950 > 500,000 people came to the city chaotic and speculative growth 1960 > 1,600,000 inhabitants poverty and “barracas” 1975 > Franco dies 1979 > first elected mayor in 40 years 1980 > 1,755,000 inhabitants … New School graduate Pasquall Maragall becomes Mayor of Barcelona (1982-1996) and (2004-2006) he was President of the Generalitat. in 1987 BCN wins the bid for the Olympic Games 1992 !
  • 16. Olympic Games 1992 Changes in Barcelona, & changes in its perception in the world stage …towards becoming a Global City… Crucial Role of the Municipality and the community Building of Villa Olimpica, and Olimpic Stadium But, also, remodelation and building infrastructure streets, trees, housing rehabilitation in peripheral and dilapidated neighborhoods who won today…??
  • 17. Villa Olimpica Stars archs.: Ghery / Foster
  • 18. Plaza Olimpica, Montjuic Santiago Calatrava Santiago Calatrava
  • 19. Bridge over train Santiago Calatrava Enhancing infraestructure in Ensanche
  • 20. Inner City rehabilitation El Raval rehabilitation
  • 21. … and BCN looking for more … > Barcelona, 2004 Universal Forum of Cultures Competitive cultural features Public works Infrastructure Completing Cerda’s Urban Plan
  • 22. Diagonal Mar
  • 23. Diagonal Mar
  • 24. Area del Llobregat
  • 25. A regional future for BCN?
  • 26. a future?
  • 27. a future?
  • 28. “This is the paradox of urbanization. The whole is projected, its dimensions are staked out, plans are published, and the model is exhibited. Then perhaps one epoch lacks the creative power, another the economic power, and another the political stability to carry out the plan. Only parts are completed. The next or a later generation takes up the idea. Again plans are developed, parts completed. But each part, throughout the future, will speak of the whole from which is has sprung. As centuries pass, the totalitykk unites into an image of the centuries: multiform, burdened and tested by history, a work of succeeding ages, a dwelling place that could , and still can, convey the forces that formed it.” Wolfgang Braunfels, Urban Design in Western Europe: Regime and Architecture, 900-1900, p.371
  • 29. End class 10 Urb Theories