Minhua zhou autism presentation


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Minhua zhou autism presentation

  1. 1. Meeting the Needs of Children and Families --Support Autism Name: Minhua Zhou Professor: Chris Cadieux Date: March 10, 2014
  2. 2. Introduction: Simon, a three-year-old boy, who has been diagnosed with autism. He has very little impulse control and his language is primarily echolalic. He is interested in wheels and cars. He just moved to Toronto with his dad and two older brothers.
  3. 3. of the child and his family • Daycare and school for the child and his brother • Treatment for the child with autism • Language support • Child care subsidy • Family doctor • Housing • Employment and training • Agency or community support for the child and his family
  4. 4. Special Need Main characteristics of the child: • Impulse control problem • Primary echolalia Autism: The child may have impairments in communication, social interaction, stereotyped behaviours, imaginative play and activities.
  5. 5. Impulsive Control Problem: • Done things quickly without thought to the consequences • Can not control his impulses to participate in activities • Easily to distract attention to something else they want • Unable to manage their negative behaviours
  6. 6. Primary echolalia: • Repeating or ”echoing” what another person has said • Does not completely understand the meaning of the words • Many of the repeating words or phrases are from a previous activity or conversations • Some children can quote some phrases from favorite TV shows, books or songs
  7. 7. Other Characteristics ??? Other traits the child may have: • Having problems with social relationships and play skills • Having stereotypical or repetitive behaviours • Having sensory impairment
  8. 8. • Behavioral Training and Management : Behavioral training teaches children with autism how to communicate appropriately when interacting with people. • Specialized therapies: Including speech, physical, occupational and sensory integration therapists. • Community support and parent training: It helps manage the symptoms, reduce family stress and improve the functioning of the child with autism.
  9. 9. Strengths and interests the child may have: • visual Learner • responds well to consistent routine • have strength in wheels and cars • learn skills best with a structural environment or interested topic • remembers words that other people always say Weaknesses the child may have: • short attention span • little impulsive control • repeating or imitating words without understanding their meanings • difficulty understanding and responding to oral instructions and language • lack of social, communication and play skills • difficulty with transitions Strengths and Weaknesses
  10. 10. Teaching strategies • use short or key words • support oral language, instructions, routines, or transitions with visuals (gestures or pictures) • repeat pairings of words with picture / routine/ object • model what the child should say rather than asking questions • observe and record the behaviours • plan activities based on the child’s interests • teaching appropriate replacement behaviours • break tasks into small steps set up a reward system: Introduction-Behaviour-Reward
  11. 11. 1. Physical environment: a) Space b) Materials 2. Visual support 3. Transition strategies 4. Individual programming
  12. 12. Work Together with Family & Community • Share information about the child’s behaviours, interests, needs and progress with the family • Provide strategies or parent workshops • Seek information about the child from the family • Engage parent in activities and special events • Collaborate with parent working on target skills • Connect the family to community services
  13. 13. Geneva centre for autism What we do We offer clinical services and training for children with ASD which are supported by pathologists, therapists, psychologists, psychiatrists, pediatricians, early childhood educators, and social workers. What we offer: The Toronto Partnership for Autism Services (TPAS) • Parent Education and Support Services • Intensive Behavioural Intervention (IBI) • Transition Services • Connections for Students
  14. 14. Eligibility Criteria: • Under 18 years old • Living in Toronto • Determine the eligibility and suitability for IBI by a screening. Registration Process : Diagnosed with ASD Call intake service New intake list Collecting informationBeing provedReceive the service Cost: Free of charge Language: English; Interpreters as required Geneva centre for autism
  15. 15. What we do We provide workshops and treatments to help children with ASD develop skills in the areas of communication, social/interpersonal, daily living, emotional and behaviour regulation. Treatment Programs: • Workshops or treatment groups to enhance strengths and meet the needs • Positive and systematic approaches to teach practical skills • Provide individual coaching session • Provide workshops to parent/caregivers continued Aisling Discoveries Child and Family Centre
  16. 16. Meet the criteria Being proved Waiting list (maybe)Receive the service Eligibility Criteria: • Under 18 years old • A confirmed Autism Spectrum diagnosis • Living in Toronto • Not concurrently receiving any other ABA based services Registration Process : Cost: Free of charge Language: English; French; Greek; Spanish; Chinese; Interpreters as required Aisling Discoveries Continued Call intake service
  17. 17. Bibliography Bailey, E. (2011, December 06). Curbing Impulsive Behaviors in Children. Retrieved March 08, 2014, from http://www.healthcentral.com/adhd/c/1443/147796/impulsive-behaviors/ Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Fact Sheet. Retrieved March 08, 2014, from http://connectability.ca/2011/04/15/autism-spectrum-disorder-asd/ Laura. (2008, June 01). Echolalia……….What It Is and What It Means. Retrieved March 08, 2014, from http://teachmetotalk.com/2008/06/01/echolaliawhat-it-is-and-what-it-means/ Autism Spectrum Disorders Health Center Treatment Overview. (2013, January 07). Retrieved March 08, 2014, from http://www.webmd.com/brain/autism/autism-treatment-overview Autism: Behavioral Training and Management. (2012, April 03). Retrieved March 08, 2014, from http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/autism-behavioral-training-and-management- topic-overview Autism: Support and Training for the Family. (2012, A pril 03). Retrieved March 08, 2014, from http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/autism-support-and-training-for-the- family-topic-overview Autism Spectrum Disorder: Supporting Children and Youth – Module 3. Observing and Understanding Behaviour. Retrieved March 08, 2014, from http://connectability.ca/2011/06/13/supporting-children-with-asd-module-3/
  18. 18. Bibliography Continued Autism Spectrum Disorder: Supporting Children and Youth – Module 2. Setting the Stage for Learning. Retrieved March 08, 2014, from http://connectability.ca/2011/06/13/supporting-children-with-asd-module-2/ Autism Spectrum Disorder: Supporting Children and Youth – Module 8. Working Together. Retrieved March 08, 2014, from http://connectability.ca/2011/06/13/supporting-children-with-asd-module-8/ Geneva Centre for Autism. Retrieved March 08, 2014, from https://www.autism.net/about-us.html Geneva centre for autism. About TPAS. Retrieved March 08, 2014, from https://www.autism.net/services/services-for-children/tpas.html Aisling Discoveries Child and Family Centre. Toronto Autism ABA Services. Retrieved March 08, 2014, from http://www.aislingdiscoveries.on.ca/node/186 http://www.ppt123.net/beijing/UploadFiles_8374/201207/2012070309014812.jpg https://encryptedtbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcR13yqrw8i1m0sbzdnq9dO 7Zq11wonbRuUi6VIrdrSFzXM6TNtc https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSnYnSMvGSz3U6G- L_AIa4Hfh6kx198T5hsVZVAorFQHDfLhgbK http://www.autismempowerment.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Support.jpg