Presidency Part 2


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Presidency Part 2

  1. 1. The Presidency (Part 2)‏ Michael P. Fix
  2. 2. Models of Presidential Power
  3. 3. Models of Presidential Power Whig Model President should take a passive approach to government policy, deferring to Congressional leadership. Images from
  4. 4. Models of Presidential Power Stewardship Model President should take an active approach, leading in both national politics and international affairs.
  5. 5. Models of Presidential Power <ul><li>The Modern Presidency </li></ul>
  6. 6. Barber’s Presidential Character Types Active-Positive Active-Negative Passive-Positive Passive-Negative
  7. 7. Barber’s Presidential Character Types Active-Positive Images from
  8. 8. Barber’s Presidential Character Types Active-Negative Images from
  9. 9. Barber’s Presidential Character Types Passive-Positive Images from
  10. 10. Barber’s Presidential Character Types Passive-Negative Images from
  11. 11. Informal Presidential Powers
  12. 12. Informal Presidential Powers <ul><li>Political Scientist Richard Neustadt argues that a president’s formal powers are relatively minor. A president’s real power lies in informal powers derived from personality and political skills. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Informal Presidential Powers The Power to Persuade <ul><li>The resources of the president’s office makes available many tools to make persuasion effective: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The prestige of the office </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal charm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fear of retaliation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bargaining ability </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Informal Powers of the President Going Public The emergence of radio and television has given presidents the ability to get their message directly to the American people.
  15. 15. The President and Public Opinion
  16. 16. Presidential Approval
  17. 17. Presidential Approval Images from (left) and (right)‏
  18. 18. Presidential Greatness What qualities make a president great?
  19. 19. Presidential Greatness Vision, Pragmatism, Consensus Building, Charisma, Trustworthiness
  20. 20. The Vice-Presidency
  21. 21. The Vice-Presidency <ul><li>The only Constitutional Power of the Vice-President is the position of President of the Senate. </li></ul><ul><li>All other responsibilities are at the president’s discretion. </li></ul>
  22. 22. The Vice-Presidency <ul><li>Historically, presidents gave little power to their vice-presidents. </li></ul><ul><li>As such the office mostly consisted of ceremonial duties: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attending important funerals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dedicating bridges and parks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presiding over the Senate on important occasions and when ties were expected </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. The Vice-Presidency “ . . . the most insignificant office that ever the invention of man contrived or his imagination conceived” John Adams 1 st Vice-President Image from
  24. 24. The Vice-Presidency “ Once there were two brothers. One went away to sea; the other was elected Vice-President of the United States. And nothing was ever heard of either of them again” Thomas Marshall 28 th Vice-President Image from
  25. 25. The Vice-Presidency “ . . . not worth a pitcher of warm piss.” John Nance Garner 32 nd Vice-President Image from
  26. 26. The Vice-Presidency <ul><li>“ . . . heartbeat away from the presidency” </li></ul>
  27. 27. The Vice-Presidency <ul><li>The increasing role of the </li></ul><ul><li>vice-president </li></ul>
  28. 28. Increasing Role of the Vice-President From When Harry Truman became president upon the death of F. Roosevelt, he knew nothing of the development of the Atomic Bomb.
  29. 29. Increasing Role of the Vice-President Walter F. Mondale 42 nd Vice-President Al Gore 45 th Vice-President The Vice- President as part of the president’s inner circle
  30. 30. Increasing Role of the Vice-President <ul><li>Arguably the most powerful vice-president in U.S. history. Dick Chaney was one of the closest advisors to President George W. Bush </li></ul>Dick Chaney 46 th Vice-President