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  • 1. The Presidency (Part 2)‏ Michael P. Fix
  • 2. Models of Presidential Power
  • 3. Models of Presidential Power Whig Model President should take a passive approach to government policy, deferring to Congressional leadership. Images from www.wikipedia.org
  • 4. Models of Presidential Power Stewardship Model President should take an active approach, leading in both national politics and international affairs.
  • 5. Models of Presidential Power
    • The Modern Presidency
  • 6. Barber’s Presidential Character Types Active-Positive Active-Negative Passive-Positive Passive-Negative
  • 7. Barber’s Presidential Character Types Active-Positive Images from www.wikipedia.org
  • 8. Barber’s Presidential Character Types Active-Negative Images from www.wikipedia.org
  • 9. Barber’s Presidential Character Types Passive-Positive Images from www.wikipedia.org
  • 10. Barber’s Presidential Character Types Passive-Negative Images from www.wikipedia.org
  • 11. Informal Presidential Powers
  • 12. Informal Presidential Powers
    • Political Scientist Richard Neustadt argues that a president’s formal powers are relatively minor. A president’s real power lies in informal powers derived from personality and political skills.
  • 13. Informal Presidential Powers The Power to Persuade
    • The resources of the president’s office makes available many tools to make persuasion effective:
      • The prestige of the office
      • Personal charm
      • Fear of retaliation
      • Bargaining ability
  • 14. Informal Powers of the President Going Public The emergence of radio and television has given presidents the ability to get their message directly to the American people.
  • 15. The President and Public Opinion
  • 16. Presidential Approval
  • 17. Presidential Approval Images from www.bluejacket.com (left) and www.cartoonstock.com (right)‏
  • 18. Presidential Greatness What qualities make a president great?
  • 19. Presidential Greatness Vision, Pragmatism, Consensus Building, Charisma, Trustworthiness
  • 20. The Vice-Presidency
  • 21. The Vice-Presidency
    • The only Constitutional Power of the Vice-President is the position of President of the Senate.
    • All other responsibilities are at the president’s discretion.
  • 22. The Vice-Presidency
    • Historically, presidents gave little power to their vice-presidents.
    • As such the office mostly consisted of ceremonial duties:
      • Attending important funerals
      • Dedicating bridges and parks
      • Presiding over the Senate on important occasions and when ties were expected
  • 23. The Vice-Presidency “ . . . the most insignificant office that ever the invention of man contrived or his imagination conceived” John Adams 1 st Vice-President Image from wikipedia.org
  • 24. The Vice-Presidency “ Once there were two brothers. One went away to sea; the other was elected Vice-President of the United States. And nothing was ever heard of either of them again” Thomas Marshall 28 th Vice-President Image from wikipedia.org
  • 25. The Vice-Presidency “ . . . not worth a pitcher of warm piss.” John Nance Garner 32 nd Vice-President Image from wikipedia.org
  • 26. The Vice-Presidency
    • “ . . . heartbeat away from the presidency”
  • 27. The Vice-Presidency
    • The increasing role of the
    • vice-president
  • 28. Increasing Role of the Vice-President From wikipedia.org When Harry Truman became president upon the death of F. Roosevelt, he knew nothing of the development of the Atomic Bomb.
  • 29. Increasing Role of the Vice-President Walter F. Mondale 42 nd Vice-President Al Gore 45 th Vice-President The Vice- President as part of the president’s inner circle
  • 30. Increasing Role of the Vice-President
    • Arguably the most powerful vice-president in U.S. history. Dick Chaney was one of the closest advisors to President George W. Bush
    Dick Chaney 46 th Vice-President