What is PISA? The actual tests India’s performance Issues and ideas
Programme for International Student Assessment International comparative study of 15 year olds (end of basic education) Capabilities in reading, mathematical and scientific literacy tested Focuses on educational outcome as basis for suggested government policy decision-making Administered every 3 years – produces comparative analysis to indicate improvement/impact of government policies Schools involved in the process – indicate level of resources available Intend to address these questions • How well are students equipped to meet challenges of future? • Is education access equitable in the country? • Are some schools better than others? • What is students attitude towards education?
Literacy• Print and digital medium; continuous (paragraph) and non-continuous (tables)• Variety of texts – descriptive, narrative, argumentative, instructive• Engagement with texts tested – ability to interpret, reflect, evaluate• Covered variety of situations – personal, public, educational• Language of test chosen by student 1 week prior to test  Mathemactics• Understand the role of mathematics in the world• Understanding of basic mathematical concepts• Applications of the concepts to problems in different contexts Science• Test scientific knowledge, ability to ask questions, acquire new knowledge• Draw evidence-based conclusions• Awareness of impact of science and technology on our socio-cultural environment Indian vs Global Context• Around 15,000 students; 400 schools across Tamil Nadu and Himachal Pradesh• Overall 1.4 million students across 74 economies – OECD nations + partners
• Both states at the bottom of the chart – low scores across parameters• Significant proportion (about 80%) had reading abilities below Grade IV• Around 20% were poor reader (inability to comprehend regular text)
Both states at the bottom of the chart in both math and sciences More than 50% failed to answer questions where all information is present and questions clearly defined
Gender differences Girls outperform boys in reading abilities across nations Boys in HP better than girls at math and science, reverse true in TN Impact of socio-economic factors Between-school variance in performance low in TN, HP compared to OECD averages showing poor performance across schools Between-school variance primarily accounted by socio-economic factors School accountability and resources Account significantly for variance in performance
Who is accountable for this mess? Government, Society, Schools, Family Does Right to Education ensure quality? Input-focus vs Output-focus When the best states failed to perform, what is the situation in other states of the country? PISA assessment for all states in 2012 What lies in the future? Quality framework for education Involvement of private schools Increased regulations
1. OECD Website, retrieved on 2nd Feb 2012 http://www.oecd.org/document/53/0,3746,en_32252351_32235731_38262 901_1_1_1_1,00.html2. ACER report of OECD 2009+, Maurice Walker