Graph in pediatric

499 views
343 views

Published on

SOME CHARTS AND GRAPHS ASKED IN OSCE FOR DNB

Published in: Education

Graph in pediatric

  1. 1. GRAPHS and CHARTS IN PEDIATRICS DR MANDAR HAVAL D.C.H. D.N.B
  2. 2. GENETICS
  3. 3. A - Cheyne-Stokes: may follow diffuse cortical injury, but more often reflects bilateral thalamic injury. B - Central neurogenic hyperventilation: pontomesencephalic regi on C - Apneustic: lateral tegmentum of the lower half of the pons D - Ataxic (Biot’s): lower dorsomedial medulla
  4. 4. LIGHT REFLEX
  5. 5. ACCOMADATION REFLEX
  6. 6. CAPNOGRAM
  7. 7. CAPNOGRAM
  8. 8. CAPNOGRAM
  9. 9. CAPNOGRAM
  10. 10. SPIROMETER TRACE
  11. 11. Image of flow-volume curves.
  12. 12. AUDIOMETRY
  13. 13. Conductive hearing loss
  14. 14. SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS
  15. 15. FOREST PLOT
  16. 16. • Forest plot (forest plot shows information from individual studies that went into meta- analysis at a glance. They show the amount of variation between the studies and an estimate of the overall result. • Each square symbol represents a study contributing to metanalysis and the area of square corresponds to the weight of the corresponding study to the metaanalysis.
  17. 17. • The horizontal line through the square shows the confidence interval. The solid vertical line represents no effect. • The diamond represents the overall estimate from the meta-analysis. • The centre of diamond represents the pooled point estimate and the horizontal tips represent the confidence interval.
  18. 18. SCATTER PLOTS
  19. 19. (a) 'shotgun' scatter, with low correlation, (b) strong positive correlation, (c) strong negative correlation, (d) and (e) low correlation, with very little change in one variable compared with the other, (f) this scatter would generate a spurious high correlation because of the effect of the five points enclosed by the shaded area
  20. 20. 'BOX AND WHISKER'
  21. 21. Cardiac pressure/volume loop corners: A) Mitral valve closes B) Aortic valve opens C) Aortic valve closes D) Mitral valve opens
  22. 22. Pulse Waveform
  23. 23. Pulse Waveform
  24. 24. BERA TEST
  25. 25. 1. Cochlear nerves - waves I and II 2. Cochlear nucleus - wave III 3. Superior olivary complex - wave IV 4. Nulclei of lateral lemniscus - wave V 5. Inferior colliculus - waves VI and VII
  26. 26. TABLE I : CRITERIA FOR PASSING APPETITE TEST Body weight Minimum amount of RUTF (kg) to be consumed for passing the Appetite Test (mL or grams) >4 15 4 –6.9 25 7 –9.9 35 10 –14.9 50 SEVERE ACUTE MALNUTRITION
  27. 27. Calculation of Target Height and Target Height Centile. Measure the parent’s heights and make a note of their heights on the chart. Calculate the child’s target height (TH) and plot it at 18 years and mark it with an arrow on the growth chart. This represents the child’s projected height and the target range is produced by plotting two points 7.5 cms above and below for a boy and 6 cm above and below for a girl (representing the 10th and the 90th centile for that child) . In the example shown above, the 50th percentile for the general population is the 90th centile for the child measured and the 10th centile for the child is below the 10th centile for the population. Source: Cowell CT. Short Stature. In: Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology, 3rd edn. Ed. Brook CGD. London, Blackwell Science, 1995; pp 136-172.
  28. 28. Principles of Development Cephalo → Caudal Proximal → Distal Simple → Complex General → Specific Involuntary → Voluntary Continuous Sequence same, Rate varies Maturation AND Environment
  29. 29. VENTURI MASK
  30. 30. THANK YOU

×