1. Annotation 1: Multimedia tech increases literacy speed in kids Hart, R. (2009). Multimedia tech increases literacy speed in kids. Retrieved March 6, 2012 from ABC News: http://abclocal.go.com/kgo/story?section=news/drive_to_discover&id=7144362 Richard Hart articulates the way technology can be used to increase student’s literacy development. After a study was completed with eighty different schools across New York the evidence showed students with technology based learning knew on average 7.5 more letters then those who did not. The conclusion made about the success was related to the students enjoying learning, being involved, giving students power and creativity of personal learning. Although the children may know more letters, are they able to write them? This idea is good in theory, but what learning is being substituted?
2. Annotation 2: Bett Award 2009 – early years solutions category winner Harnessingtechnology. (2009, May 15). Bett Award 2009 – early years solutions category winner [video file]. Video posted to: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MUEYgvQzzgg The Youtube clip was the 2009 BETT award winner for Early Years Solutions.’ The clip examines the ICT program Espresso, and its practice within Bedford Primary School. Moreover, Espresso is an interactive, engaging way to involve students of all ages in a variety of ways. Footage showed students using the program through the interactive whiteboard for letter writing, phonics, editing and playing games independently and as a group. I believe it is important to enhance the use of the interactive whiteboard and continue to make effective ways to engage students, while also being realistic with the time restraints for planning lessons as a teacher. Espresso is a good example of how this can be possible.
3. Annotation 3: Ban computers from school until children reach age 9, says expertHenry, J. (2010, June 13). Ban computers from school until children reach age 9, says expert. The Telegraph. Retrieved from: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/primaryeducation/7823259/Ban-computers-fro News writer from the Telegraph discusses the need to stop children using computers until age nine, as the brain is not fully developed until then. New curriculum developed is recommending introducing ICT to children at 22 months, according to research this will stunt attention span abilities. According to Henry, an education correspondent, although there is student interest and some seen benefits in using ICT, the downfall is much greater and the technology should be prolonged until age nine to ensure full development. If ICT is enacted correctly there are many beneficial outcomes, but research needs to be constantly reviewed and used effectively in order to ensure learning is enhanced and not stopped. Furthermore, especially in the early years ICT needs to be limited to appropriate amounts.
4. Annotation 4: ICT in Early Years – where do I start? ICT in Early Years – where do I start? (2012). Retrieved March 6, 2012 from RM Education: http://www.rm.com/Primary/InTheNews/Article.asp?cref=MNEWS765894 According to RM, an education ICT supplier since 1973 (RM education, 2012), constructing ICT within early years education is imperative. Moreover, research shows building technology into everyday life enhances learning, and a variety of practical examples are elaborated through the learning areas within the curriculum. Furthermore, implementing ICT within the curriculum enhances new interests while meeting the necessary outcomes. I believe ICT can be effective within the early years education, but it is important to ensure the ICT is used to enhance the learning. Furthermore, it should not be used as a ‘babysitting tool’ to keep children quite, for example playing computer games all afternoon.
5. Annotation 5: Infusing ICT use within the early years of elementary education Jones, A. J. n.d. Infusing ICT use within the early years of elementary education.Retrieved March 19, 2012 from: http://crpit.com/confpapers/CRPITV34Jones.pdf Jones from the University of Melbourne discusses in his research that ICT is often used as an excuse for children to learn alone. Furthermore, often children in the early years are playing games and the information is not effective and can be dangerous for physical, emotional and intellectual learning. Although he does state ICT can be effective if teachers choose correct programs to enhance learning through concrete and manipulative learning while ensuring the curriculum is followed. I agree that ICT can be negative if inappropriately used, but when it is incorporated into the curriculum to enhance learning and interest for children in the early years it can be an effective tool for both students and teachers.
6. Annotation 6: Technology in the classroomLam, J. N., (2012). Technology in the classroom. Retrieved March 19, 2012 from: http://www.teach-nology.com/tutorials/techinclass/According to Lam, technology is a form of literacy, as it requires individuals to learn and comprehend in order to create successfully. Although it is stated that ICT is an effective way of improving academics and learning, often poor families fall behind due to minimal resources. After enacting the ‘No Child is Left Behind Act’ established in 2001 more attention was considered in these circumstances. Furthermore, things like e-learning has helped reach more students in remote areas and allow for more students to receive high education. Hence creating capable learners through things like research, management of programs, publishing and communicating.I believe technology is an excellent resource, and as it enhances more students will feel included and more knowledge will be established.
7. Annotation 7: Middle-class angst over technology in the early years Learner, S. (2011, Jun 7). Middle-class angst over technology in the early years.Retrieved March 6, 2012 from the guardian: http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2011/jun/07/early-years-anxiety-digital-technolo Sue Learner examines the effects of technology in the early years development. Moreover, in Britain a kindergarten implemented I-pads to enhance literacy, numeracy and ICT skills. This sparked criticism, as it is thought this could hinder reading and writing skills and create lazy children. Furthermore, an author of children’s technology stated that the hesitance by parents in regards to ICT could be caused from a lack of understanding. Although a lack of understanding from critics could be a cause for concern, it is still important to evaluate the advantages and disadvantages for ICT, and come to a conclusion that is best for child development.
8. Annotation 8: Multiliteracies and technology Ljungdahl, L. (2011). Multiliteracies and technology. In Winch, G., Johnston, R. R., March, P., & Holliday, M. Literacy (4th Ed) (pp. 399-402). NSW: Oxford. According to Lesley Ljungdahl technology is an effective way to enhance literacy skills and make connections to the curriculum in an engaging manner. Although many positives to technology are discussed, there are negatives that are also highlighted when dealing with technology. Moreover, the need for knowledgeable teachers can eliminate these disadvantages. Often when teaching different skills within education there are dangers that students need to be educated about and discuss how to deal with these circumstances. Therefore, it is the educators responsibility to model and explain information to the students to create understanding and ability to use the content in all situations.
9. Annotation 9: Using ICT in the early yearsMorgan, A., & Siraj-Blatchford, J. (2010). Using ICT in the early years. Retrieved March 19, 2011 from:www.teachingsolutions.com.au/LiteratureRetrieve.aspx?ID=39337According to Morgan and Siraj-Blatchford ICT has increased in use in the early years home environment due to parent high expectations. Although ICT can be effective and enhance learning and skills, when used inappropriately it can be detrimental and cause lifelong problems. According to the writers it is essential for ICT to be monitored and used within reason to make effective. ICT can be both positive and negative completely depending on the environment it is used in, hence it is essential for teachers and parents to be appropriately educated within technology to ensure learning is maximised and does not become damaging.
10. Annotation 10: Smarter games dumber childrenPoulter, S. (2008, Jan 11). Smarter games dumber children, The Courier-Mail, 12.Sean Poulter from the Courier Mail examines young children playing video games. Moreover, research indicates the age of children playing video games has lowered. According to technology expert’s, this is concerning as computer games affect brain development through; shortening attention span, creating skewed reasoning skills and affecting children’s ability to learn. Contrary to these remarks Cartoon Network representative argued that technology produces many benefits, and technology play should be embraced.Although technology is beneficial, a balance of when and how children interact with video games is crucial. If students only play video games this will be detrimental to their brain development, but if it is used in moderation as a winding down tool I believe this is okay.