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It Service Green Tech V5webprint

  1. 1. Click to edit Master title style Global Partnering & Team Solutions Connect to Client Excellence “Political Will Is A Renewable Resource” Vice President, Al Gore, 2005, An Inconvenient Truth SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  2. 2. Are we failing to achieve our goals or are they just the wrong goals? This discussion is about the need for Green Technology and the development of a Sustainable Service Model for both Information Audit and Enterprise IT SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 2 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  3. 3. • Identify Environmental Impacts • Assess Operational Compliance with Laws and Regulations • Target Opportunities to Reduce Costs, Improve Health and Safety, Reduce Liability, Increase Business Value • Respond To Stakeholder Demand for Transparency and Disclosure SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 3 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  4. 4. • Are You Federal? • Are You State? • Are You A Financial Institution? • Are You Native American Indian? • Are You A Corporation? • Do You Sell A Product? • Are You Struggling to Stay Warm • Did You Miss A Mortgage Payment? • Are You Looking For Tax Relief? • Do You Use Batteries? Do You Plug Things In? • Are You Breathing? Do You Want To? SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 4 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  5. 5. • The world has changed • Record losses across all major markets • We have obligations we don’t understand • As the recession deepens, it seems counter intuitive to focus on anything but core business delivery • Fortunately, Core Business and Green missions are not mutually exclusive SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 6 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  6. 6. GHG or Green House Gas, has been at the forefront of international concern for than two decades. With baseline in 1990, the Kyoto Protocol is an International Environment Treaty, representing agreement that industrialized countries reduce their collective emissions of greenhouse gases* by 5.2%. The United States, among others, agreed to reach 6% GHG reduction by 2012. We have less than three years to comply. * greenhouse gas (GHG): a gas in the atmosphere (natural or manmade) http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/convkp/kpeng.html that absorbs and emits radiation to contribute to climate change (global warming), including carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6). SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 7 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  7. 7. SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 8 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  8. 8. Reports At The 20 Year Mark - Not So Good large decreases in snowpack, earlier snowmelt, winter rain events, increased peak winter flows and flooding, and reduced summer flows. Reduced water supplies coupled with increases in demand are likely to exacerbate competition for over-allocated water resources. Moderate climate change in the early decades …Major challenges are projected for crops that are near the warm end of their suitable range or which depend on highly utilized water resources. Vulnerability to climate change is likely to be concentrated in specific groups and regions, including indigenous peoples and others dependent on narrow resource bases, and the poor and elderly in cities. http://www.ipcc.ch/index.htm http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/89651.pdf SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 9 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  9. 9. WHAT IS THE G20? -- A group of 20 energy and environment ministers comprising member nations of the Gleneagles Dialogue. It is different from the G20 grouping of finance ministers and central bank governors. WHICH COUNTRIES ARE MEMBERS? -- Australia, Brazil, Britain, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Nigeria, Poland, Russia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, the United States, and the European Union (represented by Slovenia, which holds the rotating presidency). WHY ARE THEY IMPORTANT TO THE CLIMATE DEBATE? -- The G20 emits almost 20 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide, or about 78 percent of global emissions. G8 nations contribute 45 percent of this, other members contribute 33 percent. -- The U.S. (23 percent) and China (16 percent) are the G20's greatest individual emitters. SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 10 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  10. 10. 2004 indoor air quality study reported meeting emissions target aligned to 35% decrease in respiratory health problems 35% LESS ILLNESS http://www.epa.gov/ies/pdf/philippines/rosseel_sw4.pdf 450 people die every day from Lung Cancer According to John Windebank, Principal Solution Architect, Global Data Centre Efficiency Practice, Sun Microsystems Inc., A single server is responsible for about the same amount of CO2 as a typical car driven for a year. SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 11 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  11. 11. The five principal concepts of the Kyoto Protocol are: • Commitments- the reduction of greenhouse gases that are legally binding • Implementation- countries are required to prepare policies and measures for the reduction of greenhouse gases in their respective countries[…] -utilize all mechanisms available, such as joint implementation, the clean development mechanism and emissions trading • Minimizing Impacts on Developing Countries by establishing an adaptation fund for climate change. • Accounting, Reporting and Review in order to ensure the integrity of the Protocol. • Compliance, Establishing a Compliance Committee to enforce compliance SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 12 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  12. 12. According to a recent article on CLIMATEBIZ: http://www.climatebiz.com/news/2008/11/18/ict-could-cut-us- emissions-22-percent-save-billions OAKLAND, Calif. -- Properly deployed information and communications technology (ICT) could cut U.S.-based carbon dioxide emissions by as much as 22 percent by 2020, according to new research. ICT could also save the country up to $240 billion in gross energy and fuel costs, according to the Boston Consulting Group and The Climate Group. The organizations unveiled the U.S. addendum to a previously released report called quot;SMART 2020: Enabling the low carbon economy in the information age,quot; which used a global scope. The original report found that ICT's global carbon footprint could nearly double by 2020, but it has the potential to help other sectors cut emissions up to five times that amount. An examination of opportunities in the U.S. focused on four areas of technology that already exist: A smart electrical grid, efficient road transportation, smart buildings, and travel substitution… SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 13 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  13. 13. ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 2005 http://www.epa.gov/oust/fedlaws/publ_109-058.pdf Energy Policy Act of 2005 - Sets forth an energy research and development program covering: (1) energy efficiency; (2) renewable energy; (3) oil and gas; (4) coal; (5) Indian energy; (6) nuclear matters and security; (7) vehicles and motor fuels, including ethanol; (8) hydrogen; (9) electricity; (10) energy tax incentives; (11) hydropower and geothermal energy; and (12) climate change technology. Are You Fixed Yet? Score Yourself http://www.conservation.org/act/live_green/Pages/ecofootprint.aspx SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 14 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  14. 14. The purposes of this Act are to ensure protection of home values, college funds, retirement accounts, and life savings, to promote jobs and economic growth, to maximize returns to the tax payers of the United States, and to provide public accountability for the exercise of such authority. SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 15 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  15. 15. DIVISION B—ENERGY IMPROVEMENT AND EXTENSION ACT OF 2008 SEC. 1. SHORT TITLE, ETC. (a) SHORT TITLE.—This division may be cited as the ‘‘Energy Improvement and Extension Act of 2008’’. (b) REFERENCE.—Except as otherwise expressly provided, whenever in this division an amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment to, or repeal of, a section or other provision,the reference shall be considered to be made to a section or other provision of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. (c) TABLE OF CONTENTS.—The table of contents for this division is as follows: Sec. 1. Short title, etc. TITLE I—ENERGY PRODUCTION INCENTIVES Subtitle A—Renewable Energy Incentives Sec. 101. Renewable energy credit. Sec. 102. Production credit for electricity produced from marine renewables. Sec. 103. Energy credit. Sec. 104. Energy credit for small wind property. Sec. 105. Energy credit for geothermal heat pump systems. Sec. 106. Credit for residential energy efficient property. Sec. 107. New clean renewable energy bonds. Sec. 108. Credit for steel industry fuel. Sec. 109. Special rule to implement FERC and State electric restructuring policy… SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 16 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  16. 16. • Pro-actively Commit Your Organization To Steps That Reach U.S. Green House Gas Emissions Target. • Don’t Wait To Be Told. You Were Already Told. – The Deadline Is Now. • What Are You Going To Do? • What Is Your GREEN Value Proposition? SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 18 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  17. 17. Approach the problem as a Governance Risk and Compliance Issue Step 1: Raise Step 4: Define awareness, Step 2: Define Step 3: Define Step 5: Plan resources and obtain scope. risks. program. deliverables. management commitment. SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 19 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  18. 18. Leverage Any useful and relevant Governance and Enterprise Business Plans industry overviews, policies Strategies case studies and Audit success stories Reports Specific customer requirements, marketing and servicing strategy, market position, (Oct. 8 2008 – NY Times) Obama, the Democratic presidential candidate enterprise vision and from Illinois, called for imposing a national cap on carbon emissions, investing $150 billion over 10 years to develop new energy sources and mission statement reducing dependence on foreign oil by 35 percent by 2030. “No business will be allowed to emit any greenhouse gases for free,” Mr. Obama said in Portsmouth, N.H. “Businesses don’t own the sky, the public does, and if we want them to stop polluting it, we have to put Content is adapted from ISACA® copyrighted materials for ValIT™ Training. Ms. Basham is an accredited leader in the advancement a price on all pollution.” of CobiT and other ISACA Governance Standards. For information regarding certification in your organization you may reach out to grc@soaprojects.com. SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 20 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  19. 19. Atomic Energy Act (AEA) AEA in U.S.C. Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act (MPRSA, also known as the Ocean Dumping Act) Clean Air Act (CAA) CAA in U.S.C. EPA's Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act Home Page Clean Water Act (CWA)(original title: Federal Water Pollution Control National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Amendments of 1972) National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act (NTTAA) Comprehensive Environmental Nuclear Waste Policy Act (NWPA) Response, Compensation and Liability Occupational Safety and Health (OSHA) Act (CERCLA, or Superfund) Ocean Dumping Act Emergency Planning and Community See Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) Oil Pollution Act (OPA) Endangered Species Act (ESA) Pollution Prevention Act (PPA) Energy Policy Act Energy Policy Act Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) (FFDCA) Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Liability Act Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA) Federal Water Pollution Control Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Amendments SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 21 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  20. 20. Understand business goals and IT contribution. Each year the network consumes >100 billion kWh of electricity* – goal is to reduce by 30% The EPA estimates that the forecasted energy usage can be cut by up to 70% - using current technology Match Infrastructure to SLAs – goal is to reduce wasted bandwidth and space or to up sell service to capability, thereby reducing 20% waste Define IT goals as discreet business milestones; transition to technology types, adoption of improved devices Create foundation Capabilities for Cloud Computing, Web 2.0, SOA and SaaS Avoid costly layoff of workers by incenting the “pink” to retool skills to meet current project demands: The scope of so-called green-collar job opportunities stretches across industries, from labor positions to executive roles. Studies suggest that renewable energy industries alone could generate thousands of jobs, and local executives in those growing industries said they expect employment to jump in the coming years. Berkeley Palmer, a career firm with offices in Overland Park, said in a statement that “green jobs have the potential of trending up at a faster pace than any other job sector” and that those opportunities will cross most industries. … McGraw-Hill Construction has found the number of green building starts increased five-fold from 2005-2008. Researchers note in their report that such starts could triple by 2013. Looks like green building is getting traction. http://networking.bizjournals.com/ Step 1: Raise Step 4: Define Step 2: Define Step 3: Define Step 5: Plan awareness, obtain resources and scope. risks. program. management deliverables. commitment. SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 Sun Microsystems 2008 22 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  21. 21. • Measuring key environmental parameters • Analyzing raw and test data • Reviewing purchase orders and invoices • Inspecting facilities • Interviewing employees, managers, and executives • Communicating with contractors, vendors, customers, and regulators • Examining policies, internal records, reports, and public statements relating to the environment • Comparing audit results to previous audits, as well as to industry standards and best practices SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 23 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  22. 22. Pollution Waste Wind Water Solar Fuel Cells Efficiency Organics Controls Reduction • Cloud Computing From “Change The World One Investment At A Time” (http://www.economist.com/business/displayStor by Eric Petroff (http://www.investopedia.com/articles/07/sri-two-styles.asp) y.cfm?story_id=11413148&fsrc=nwlehfree) Socially responsible investing (SRI) just might be the • SaaS “Software As A Service” answer. SRI allows you to express political and ethical (delivered via cloud) views through the unlikely format of investing. At this • SOA “Service Oriented concept's core are two competing styles. One style is Architecture” exclusionary: you create a list of companies that you • XML and XBRL – Feeding Data to won't invest in for moral reasons, and exclude them the Feds and removing crippling from your portfolio. The second, proactive style is dependencies on paper and inclusive. It involves selectively investing in companies printing that share your core beliefs or purposely investing in • Virtualization – Securing Services companies that violate them so you can become a for multiple clients in a singled shareholder and vote to change company policy. managed environment http://www.investopedia.com/terms/s/sri.asp http://www.investopedia.com/articles/07/sri-two-styles.asp http://www.investopedia.com/terms/p/portfolio.asp SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 24 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  23. 23. Review Audit Reports, Consider Impact in Operations with respect to your Risk Management Policy Complete Assessment of Solution Delivery And Benefit “I‘m running out of space, power and cooling capacity” Realization Risks “We’re not able to pay for our power consumption” Failure to recover IT systems and services in a timely manner Failure of alternative decision-making processes Adjust Scope For Risk – Lack of required recovery resources Making Pain Points Actionable Failed communication to internal and external stakeholders Response Requirements Unavailability of critical IT resources Increased costs for continuity management Prioritization of services recovery not based on business needs Define IT Risk Goals, Finalized Overheard at recent ITSMF e-learning: presentation released Program Initiation November 2008, “41 million physical servers will need managing by 2010 … a 700% increase in 15 years” J.W. Step 1: Raise Step 4: Define Step 2: Define Step 3: Define Step 5: Plan awareness, obtain resources and scope. risks. program. management deliverables. commitment. SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 25 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  24. 24. SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 26 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  25. 25. quot; A dishwasher detergent boasts quot;100 percent recycled paperquot; packaging, yet the container is plastic. A caulking product claimed to be quot;Energy Starquot; certified, but Energy Star doesn't certify such products. Case said the vast majority of companies are not following marketing guidelines provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the Federal Trade Commission and Consumers Union. The gist of the guidelines is that folks should be making specific, accurate environmental claims and should have substantial proof to back up the claims,quot; Case said. quot;It is a very simple litmus test that most companies are failing miserably.“ http://www.palmbeachpost.com/business/content/business/epaper/2008/11/03/a9f_greenwashing_1103.html SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 27 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  26. 26. •ISO 14064, CobiT, Val IT, ITILv3 and other relevant best (From EPA) Green purchasing is generally used to describe practices, and Industry Specific ANSI and IEEE Quality and activities that focus on purchasing products and services that have positive energy and environmental attributes, including Manufacturing Measurement Based Guidance energy efficiency, recycled content, and reduced toxic content. Energy-efficient product procurement falls within the scope of green purchasing. •Create a GREEN PRODUCT While green purchasing focuses on products that have positive energy or environmental attributes, environmentally preferable •Clean Energy Strategies for Local Governments product (EPP) procurement assesses multiple energy and http://www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/documents/webcasts/sec7_1_gp_8may.pdf environmental attributes to determine which of these green •Establish Program Profile (ISO 9001) product(s) are preferable in a given situation. For example, in a facility with poor indoor air quality, paint with low-volatile •Define Program Goals organic compound (VOC) content is both green and •Assess Capability to Reach Goals with Current Staffing environmentally preferable, while paint with recycled content latex is green, but not the preferable product in this situation. In and Address GAPS most situations, energy-efficient products are considered •Publish to Board - Defined Deliverables environmentally preferable. •Brag about individual and team scores: http://www.conservation.org/act/live_green/Pages/ecofootprint.aspx Step 1: Raise Step 4: Define Step 2: Define Step 3: Define Step 5: Plan awareness, obtain resources and scope. risks. program. management deliverables. commitment. SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 28 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  27. 27. First Environment http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/conference/ei16/session13/wintergreen_pres.pdf The Business Guide To The Low Carbon Economy http://www.greenbiz.com/resources/resource/the-business-guide-low-carbon-economy-california http://www.bizjournals.com/industries/industries/green/general SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 29 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  28. 28. Commitment Transport Paper Energy http://www.green-office.org.uk/ 3 7 Suppliers and Recycling purchasing Water SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 30 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  29. 29. Of the 18 companies studied in the scorecard, only Sharp, Fujitsu Siemens, and Philips are fully committed to reducing emissions by 30 percent before 2020. Greenpeace singles out Lenovo and Microsoft in particular on energy issues, although many of the companies surveyed have significant room for improvement. Microsoft, which earned second-to-last place in the ranking this time around with a 2.9 score, gets praised for reporting its total emissions and using renewable energy for 24 percent of its operations, but earns little other praise. Lenovo, scoring just above Microsoft with 3.7, lost points for not having all its computers meet Energy Star standards. Rounding out the bottom for the fifth time in a row is Nintendo, which has shown little movement since it entered the scorecard rankings in December 2007. Greenpeace criticizes the company for everything but its reduction of toxic chemicals in manufacturing, and notes that although the company has committed to reducing its overall emissions by 2 percent every year, an increase in business drove emissions up by 6 percent in 2006. http://www.greenercomputing.com/news/2008/11/25/latest-electronics-scorecard- ewaste-climate SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 31 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  30. 30. Greenpeace Scores Electronics Industry 6.9 Nokia – Scores maximum points for its comprehensive voluntary take-back programme. 5.9 Sony Ericsson – Scores points for its new environmental warranty, guaranteeing take-back and recycling for individual products regardless of location. 5.9 Toshiba- Toshiba climbs to 3rd gaining extra points on the energy criteria; it is now reporting its use of renewable energy. 5.9 Samsung - Good on toxic chemicals and energy but very poor on recycling. 5.7 Fujitsu Siemens - Good on energy, scores poorly on electronic waste. 5.7 LGE - Improved score on recycling and energy. 5.3 Motorola - Improved score on energy, waste and recycling. 5.3 Sony - Still has room for improvement on energy. 5.1 Panasonic - Scores maximum points on energy but still scores poorly on all e-waste criteria. 4.9 Sharp - Improved energy policy but reporting of energy efficiency of its products continues to be weak. 4.7 Acer - Needs to improve on reducing toxic chemicals and recycling. 4.7 Dell - Loses points for withdrawing from its commitment to eliminate all PVC plastic and brominated flame retardants (BFRs) by the end of 2009. 4.5 HP - Still needs to improve on e-waste. 4.3 Apple - Now reporting product carbon footprint and new iPods are free of both PVC and BFRs. 4.1 Philips - Scores well on toxics and energy but scores zero on most other e-waste criteria. 3.7 Lenovo - Scores well on toxic chemicals, poor on recycling and energy. 2.9 Microsoft - Still scores poorly on recycling and energy. 0.8 Nintendo - Zero on most criteria except chemicals management and energy. SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 32 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  31. 31. SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 33 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  32. 32. EPA Climate Leaders, Published: December 1, 2008 The goal must be: • Corporate-wide (including at least all U.S. operations) • Based on the most recent base year data • Achieved over 5 to 10 years • Expressed as an absolute GHG reduction or as a decrease in GHG intensity • Aggressive compared to the projected GHG performance for the Partner's sector SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 34 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  33. 33. Carbon offsets allow companies to reduce their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions liability by purchasing the emission reductions made by another entity. Each carbon offset purchased represents the equivalent of one ton of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions avoided. There are multiple standards that evaluate the quality of these offsets, including the Gold Standard, the Voluntary Carbon Standard, the Climate Action Reserve, and regulatory standards defined under cap-and-trade schemes. RECs allow companies to meet renewable energy goals, support renewable power projects, and demonstrate a commitment to clean, renewable electricity. RECs are measured in terms of electricity production and each REC represents one MWh of electricity produced from renewable energy resources. The standards for evaluating RECs (such as Green-e®) are different than those applied to offsets. http://www.wri.org/publication/bottom-line-renewable-energy-certificates SOAProjects, Inc. | 495 N. Whisman Road, Suite 500 | Mountain View, CA 94043 35 Phone: 650.960.9900 Fax:650.960.2400 | http://www.SOAProjects.com
  34. 34. “Specification with guidance at the organization level for quantification and reporting of • Specifications for the Part 1 quantification, greenhouse gas emissions and removals.” monitoring and GHG Standard issued by ISO for international use in reporting of entity Inventories March 2006 emissions and removals ISO 14064 is an addition to the ISO 14000 environmental management standard series, defines how to quantify and report GHG • Specifications for the Part 2 quantification, emissions from an organization, as well as how monitoring and GHG GHG reports could be verified. reporting of project Projects A key objective of the process creates a technically emissions and removals rigorous policy neutral product 175 expe

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