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KIIT-National Science Congress-Juniors-Final

KIIT-National Science Congress-Juniors-Final

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  • 1.  
  • 2. Welcome One and All…
  • 3. Welcome to Net Practice-The Prelims
  • 4. 1.Which scientist saved his city in Sicily from Romans by practical application of pulleys and levers?
  • 5. 2. Plasma, which makes up 55% of blood fluid, is basically 92% what?
  • 6. 3*. Which is the only letter that does not appear in the periodic table?
  • 7. 4*. When things need to be done fast, we have often heard the phrase “done in a jiffy”. But what does jiffy mean?
  • 8. 5. The camel is known as the ship of the desert because of its reputed ability to survive without water. But which animal is known to be capable of surviving without water longer than a camel?
  • 9. 6. "you are a citizen because you can't help it – you were born one, but I chose to be one”. This is what he quoted his wife about his change of citizenship. Who is this legendary scientist?
  • 10. 7. This phenomenon is caused by movement of electrons from the f orbital to the d orbital. What am I talking about.
  • 11. 8.What is Dihydrogen Monoxide?
  • 12. 9.The short story "Runaround” is the first to list all Three Laws of Robotics. Who devised these three laws?
  • 13. 10. Dolphins do not drink water. True or False and why? (Just true or false will not give marks)
  • 14. 11. What is the deepest part of the earth’s known as?
  • 15. 12. What would you call the sleepiest animal in the world?
  • 16. 13. What does the term SONAR stand for?
  • 17. 14.Who devised the first scale devised to measure temperature?
  • 18. 15. What is an animal which has both male and female reproductive organs in its body at the same time called?
  • 19. 16. Who is the youngest winner of the Nobel Prize?
  • 20. 17.* “Mr. Watson come here. I want to see you”. Who said these words and why?
  • 21.
    • 18. What started in 1956 when a graduate student of MIT purchased a high-end stereo system and was disappointed when it failed to meet his expectations?
  • 22. 19. Who made the world’s first wrist watch?
  • 23. 20. At room temperature, which is the only metal which exists in liquid form?
  • 24. 21. Which is the largest known berry?
  • 25. 22. What does the Torino scale measure?
  • 26. 23. Two British chemists, Professor J. L. Simonsen and Professor P.S. MacMahon, to promote scientific research in India, started this in 1914?
  • 27. 24.*When &Whose birthday is celebrated as National Science Day in India?
  • 28. 25*.Connect and explain the connection? Clue:-Watching movies can be a good hobby.
  • 29. PRELIMS OVER
  • 30. Let’s Evaluate our Efforts
  • 31. 1.Which scientist saved his city in Sicily from Romans by practical application of pulleys and levers?
  • 32. ARCHIMEDES
  • 33. 2. Plasma, which makes up 55% of blood fluid, is basically 92% what?
  • 34. Water
  • 35. 3*. Which is the only letter that does not appear in the periodic table?
  • 36. J
  • 37. 4. When things need to be done fast, we have often heard the phrase “done in a jiffy”. But what does jiffy mean?
  • 38. Jiffy is actually a unit of time which equals 1/100 th of a second.
  • 39. 5. The camel is known as the ship of the desert because of its reputed ability to survive without water. But which animal is known to be capable of surviving without water longer than a camel?
  • 40. RAT
  • 41. 6. "you are a citizen because you can't help it – you were born one, but I chose to be one”. This is what he quoted his wife about his change of citizenship. Who is this legendary scientist?
  • 42. Alexander Graham Bell
    • Bell was a British citizen for most of his early life. He applied for American citizenship after 1877, gained it in 1882, and referred to himself as an American citizen from that point on. Quote from Bell speaking to his wife: "you are a citizen because you can't help it – you were born one, but I chose to be one."
  • 43. 7. This phenomenon is caused by movement of electrons from the f orbital to the d orbital. What am I talking about.
  • 44. LASER
  • 45. 8.What is Dihydrogen Monoxide?
  • 46. Water
  • 47. 9.The short story "Runaround“ is the first to list all Three Laws of Robotics. Who devised these three laws?
  • 48. Isaac Asimov
  • 49. 10. Dolphins do not drink water. True or False and why? (Just true or false will not give marks)
  • 50. True. Dolphins get all the water they need from the fish they eat.
  • 51. 11. What is the deepest part of the earth’s known as?
  • 52. It is called the Mariana Trench
  • 53. 12. What would you call the sleepiest animal in the world?
  • 54. Koala Bears are the sleepiest animals in the world sleeping up to 22 hours per day.
  • 55. 13. What does the term SONAR stand for?
  • 56. Sound Navigation and Ranging
  • 57. 14.Who devised the first scale devised to measure temperature?
  • 58. Isaac Newton. In order to measure temperature, he defined the temperature of melting snow as 0 degrees and the temperature of boiling water as 33 degrees. This was done somewhere around 1700.
  • 59. 15. What is an animal which has both male and female reproductive organs in its body at the same time called?
  • 60.
    • Such animals are called hermaphrodites.
    • A common example of a hermaphrodite is the earthworm.
  • 61. 16. Who is the youngest winner of the Nobel Prize?
  • 62. The youngest winner of the Nobel Prize is Lawrence Bragg who won it for Physics in 1915.
  • 63. 17.* “Mr. Watson come here. I want to see you”. Who said these words and why?
  • 64.
    • Alexander Graham Bell to Mr. Thomas Watson.
    • These are recorded as the first words said over a telephone.
  • 65.
    • 18. What started in 1956 when a graduate student of MIT purchased a high-end stereo system and was disappointed when it failed to meet his expectations?
  • 66.
    • Bose by Amar Gopal Bose
  • 67. 19.Who made the world’s first wristwatch?
  • 68.
    • Louis Cartier in 1904
  • 69. 20.At room temperature, which is the only metal which exists in liquid form?
  • 70. Mercury
  • 71. 21. Which is the largest known berry?
  • 72.
    • The pineapple. It is actually a mass of berries fused to a stock. That is why the fruit has leaves on the top.
  • 73. 22. What does the Torino scale measure?
  • 74.
    • The likelihood of an asteroid or comet crashing into earth and damaging it.
  • 75. 23. Two British chemists, Professor J. L. Simonsen and Professor P.S. MacMahon to promote scientific research in India started this in1914?
  • 76. Indian science congress association
  • 77. 24*. When &Whose birthday is celebrated as National Science Day in India?
  • 78.
    • National Science Day is celebrated in India on February 28 every year to mark the discovery of Raman effect by C.V. Raman . The event is commemorated in honour of Sir C.V. Raman for his legacy and discovery of the Raman effect on February 28, 1927, for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1930.
  • 79. 25* Connect and explain the connection? Clue:-Watching movies can be a good hobby.
  • 80.
    • ‘ cycle-powered horse hair clippers’ — goes to a man in Meerut, Mohammad Idris,
    • His invention attracted producer Vidhu Vinod Chopra when he had approached the Ahmedabad-based National Innovation Foundation to select “creative ideas” for his movie. The movie also showcased the works of two other innovations — “scooter-powered flourmill” and “exercycle-cum-washing machine” — by Jahangir Painter and Remya Jose.
  • 81. The Battle Ahead…Finals
  • 82. Early Overs…
    • +10 Correct Answer
    • No negative
    • Question passes to next team only, if answered by them, Bonus +5 points, unanswered goes to audience
    • 12 Questions
    • 6 clockwise and 6 anti-clockwise
  • 83. 1.Identify her? 1
  • 84.  
  • 85. ADA LOVELACE She is known as the "first programmer".
  • 86. 2.Identify the visuals. Explain the context. 2
  • 87.  
  • 88.
    • The Traitorous Eight, as they would become known, are eight men who left Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory to form Fairchild Semiconductor in 1957. More neutral terms include the "Fairchild Eight" and the "Shockley Eight." They have sometimes been called "Fairchildren," although this term has been also used to refer either to Fairchild alumni or to its spinoff companies.The Eight are Julius Blank, Victor Grinich, Jean Hoerni, Eugene Kleiner, Jay Last, Gordon Moore, Robert Noyce and Sheldon Roberts
  • 89. 3.Identify it? 3
  • 90.  
  • 91. PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL Photovoltaic cells produce electricity directly from sunlight
  • 92. 4.Identify this? 4
  • 93.  
  • 94. MORSE KEY/TELEGRAPH KEY
  • 95. 5.This is a mascot of JAVA Language. Name it. 5
  • 96.  
  • 97. DUKE
  • 98. 6.Which criminal fraudulent practice is explained here in the following example?(computer security) 6
  • 99. PHISHING
    • In the field of computer security, phishing is the criminally fraudulent process of attempting to acquire sensitive information such as usernames, passwords and credit card details by masquerading as a trustworthy entity in an electronic communication.
  • 100. AUDIENCE
  • 101. Identify this and which company owns it?
  • 102. Apple's single button mouse namely MIGHTY MOUSE which was seen as one of the things that set Apple computers apart from their competition.
  • 103. Anti-Clockwise
  • 104. TEAM SIX
    • “ A”Started Microcomp in 1976 (rechristened as “B”) with six friends with a capital base of Rs 1.75 lakh borrowed from his PF. “B” is very popular among us and many of us dream to work for this company. Identify A & B.
  • 105.  
  • 106. A-Shiv Nadar B-HCL
  • 107. Team Five Identify him and what is his contribution to India?
  • 108.  
  • 109.
    • Dr.Vijay Bhatkar He rode into history as the father of Indian supercomputing when, as C-DAC's founder executive director, he built the PARAM-10,000 supercomputer in 1998.
  • 110. Team Four "Roti, kapda, makaan aur __________" was ___________'s war cry in the 90s as a prescription to India becoming an IT superpower. His interest in film making went back to 1977, when on a vacation in his village he was introduced to celebrated director of the “art cinema genre,” Shyam Benegal. For two months, he worked with Benegal as a spot boy, absorbing the finer nuances of film making and getting a feel of the action behind the camera.
  • 111.  
  • 112. Bandwidth, Dewang Mehta When he took over Nasscom's stewardship in 1990 the body had only 72 members, but when he passed away in 2001 it had more than 500 members.
  • 113. Team Three “ X” was born in India in Titilagarh, Orissa. His parents hailed from Gujarat and migrated to Odisha. They were deeply influenced by Mahatma Gandhi and his philosophy. H e designed his own computer-themed card game called Compucards .Identify X. He went on to found a company “Y”. Identify X & Y.
  • 114.  
  • 115. X-SAM PITRODA/ Satyanarayan Gangaram Pitroda Y-WESCOM SWITCHING
  • 116. Team Five Both of them received Nobel prize for their contribution in the field of physics have Indian origin. One of them is a nephew of the other person. Identify them?
  • 117.  
  • 118. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar was nephew of CV Raman. CV Raman "for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him“ in 1930, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar , for his “ theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars".
  • 119. Team Six A fter the end of the Second World War and before India got independence, Sir Ardeshir Dalal from the Viceroy's Executive Council foresaw that the future prosperity of India would depend not so much on capital as on technology. Thus he proposed and conceptualised something, but died before he could see them being born .What did he conceptualise?
  • 120.  
  • 121. IIT(Indian Institute of Technology)
  • 122. Building the Innings… THINK BEFORE YOU INK
    • Right Answer gets you 10 points.
    • Answered wrong (-5) points
    • Open for all,40 points can be bagged maximum
    • Hit the buzzer and stake your claim
  • 123. Question-one:-Connect
  • 124.  
  • 125.
    • Thomas Alva Edison
    • Founder of GE
    • Patent for Tatoo Machine
    • Edison’s bulb which was used in Menlo’s park
  • 126. Question-Two:-Connect
  • 127.  
  • 128.
    • ISRO is the connection
    • Vikram Sarabhai was instrumental in founding of ISRO
    • Antrix corporation is the commercial and marketing wing of ISRO
    • G Madhavan Aiyar,Former chairman of ISRO
  • 129. Question Three:-Connect? Explain the connection?
  • 130.  
  • 131.
    • Siddharth has been signed up to play the role of Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan in a Hollywood film titled The First Class Man. The film tells the story of the mathematicians Ramanujan and G H Hardy. It's set in South India, Cambridge, and London during the First World War.Roger Spottiswoode, best known for his James Bond film Tomorrow Never Dies , is directing this movie.
  • 132. Question Four:-Connect and explain the connection.
  • 133.  
  • 134.
    • Answer - Google
    • Explanation - Back rub was the first prototype built by Larry and Sergei; Stanford University Logo; The value of e multiplied by 1 billion = the amount of the Google IPO
  • 135. POWERPLAY Up the Ladder
    • Answer with only one clue-10 points
    • Answer with two clues-7 points
    • Answer with all three clues-5 points
    • 6 questions,60 points at stake in total
    • Open for all, equal negative points in case you answer wrong at any point of time. Be alert on your buzzers. You can try multiple times for one question, which means even if you failed to answer for the first clue, you can still go for the second clue and take your chance.
  • 136. 1.Which animal am I talking about?
      • Their teeth never stop growing
      • It cannot vomit
      • The male is a buck, the female is a cow, the baby is a kit
  • 137. ELEPHANT
  • 138. 2.Which animal am I talking about?
      • One of the two main types of this animal is known as bactrian
      • The other type is dromedary
      • It is known as the ship of the desert
  • 139. CAMEL
  • 140. 3.Which animal am I talking about?
      • It cannot move its tongue, nor can it chew
      • Its digestive juices are strong enough to dissolve steel nails
      • There is a very famous locale dedicated to this animal in Chennai
  • 141. CROCODILE
    • Guindy National Park in Chennai, I was referring to in the third clue.
  • 142. 4.Which animal am I talking about?
      • It can move its eyes independently of each other
      • Its tongue is twice the length of its body.
      • It can change its colour to hide itself in its surroundings.
  • 143. CHAMELEON
  • 144. 5.Which animal am I talking about?
      • It never gets sick. It is supposed to be immune to all illnesses including cancer.
      • Some species of this animal are viviparous (giving birth to their young directly), which is unique in the animal kingdom where most non mammals are strictly oviparous.
      • It is a predatory animal which lives in the sea.
  • 145. SHARK
  • 146. 6.Which animal am I talking about?
      • It is born as small as one inch long
      • It cannot walk backwards
      • It normally moves by hopping (and carries its young in a pouch)
  • 147. KANGAROO
  • 148. 7.Which plant (fruit) am I talking about?
      • It is the largest plant on earth without a woody stem. It is actually a giant herb of the same family as lilies, orchids and palms
      • A cluster of its fruit is known as a ‘hand’ and consisting of 10 or 20 individual pieces called ‘fingers’
      • The fruit has no fat, cholesterol or sodium (very popular fruit with sportsmen)
  • 149. The pineapple. It is actually a mass of berries fused to a stock. That is why the fruit has leaves on the top.
  • 150. SLOG OVERS
    • Rapid Fire Round
    • In 45 seconds,5 questions maximum you can answer
    • No negatives for wrong attempts
    • 25 points each team can score the maximum in this round
    • If you don’t know the answer, pass to attempt and avail your full quota of questions
  • 151. Team-One
  • 152. Team-Two
  • 153. Team-Three
  • 154. Team-Four
  • 155. Team-Five
  • 156. Team-Six
  • 157. Full Throttle
    • Open for all,3 AV questions
    • Hit the buzzer and stake your claim
    • +10 correct answer,-5 penalty for wrong answer
    • Maximum 30 points to be bagged from this round
    • If unanswered goes to audience
  • 158. AV-1-Answer
    • CV Raman Effect
    • This video explains: `C.V Raman Effect` of scattering of light. Here, it shows yellow light using Curd and water mixture. For blue color, milk and water mixture can be used. This is practical experiment. Got bored of its theory? Get it clarified here :-) Real theory states scattering of red light.
  • 159. AV-2-Answer
    • ALBERT EINSTEIN
  • 160. AV-3-Answer
    • The video of the very first moon landing of the apollo 11 mission in 1969! Neil Armstrong was the first man to set foot on the moon with his now legenday words "One small step for man, a giant leap for mankind." This is a truly amazing video and it was in 1969.
  • 161. Thank You
    • ‘ March Ahead with Knowledge’
    • @
    • www.marchahead.co.in
    • Appreciations & Brickbats
    • @
    • [email_address]
    • Tinkle at
    • @
    • 9310122257 & 9582423135
  • 162. TIE-BREAKER
  • 163. 1.Identify the below given instrument:- Pic1 – is a home model of the instrument and Pic 2 – is a replica of the first working model of this instrument. Pic-1 Pic-2
  • 164.  
  • 165. SEISMOGRAPH Seismograph/seismometer
  • 166. 2. ____ and ___ are the only two non-white metals.
  • 167.  
  • 168. Gold & Copper
  • 169. 3.This is a Japanese domestic robot made by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, primarily intended to provide companionship to elderly and disabled people. The robot is yellow, 1m tall, and weighs 30 kilograms. It has two arms and its flat, circular base has a diameter of 45 cm. The first hundred went on sale in September, 2005, for USD $14,000. Functions include reminding the user to take medicine on time, and calling for help if it suspects something is wrong. The name given to the robot is the childhood name of Minamoto no Yoshitsune. It was named after him. Name it?
  • 170.  
  • 171. Wakamaru
  • 172. 4.What does the word “Dinosaur” mean? Explain.
  • 173.  
  • 174. Fearfully Great Lizard
    • Sir Richard Owen came up with the term in 1842.In Greek, “deinos” means fearfully great , and “sauros” means lizard.
  • 175. 5. Expand the acronym: CHAT (used commonly over the Internet).
  • 176.
    • Conversational Hypertext Across Technology.
  • 177. 6. What technology is used to separate heterogenous and liquid mixtures based on the differences in mass of their constituents?
  • 178. Centrifuge
  • 179.