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Semantics pdf

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  • 1. 5/3/2014 1
  • 2. Irbid National University 5/3/2014 2
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  • 5. HERE TO FOUR MAJOR TOPICS IN SEMANTICS. 1. •the nature of meaning 2. • some properties of the conceptual system underlying meaning. 3. • the contribution of syntactic structure to the interpretation of sentences , and • (4) the role of non-grammatical factors. 5/3/2014 5
  • 6. SEMANTICS: THE ANALYSIS OF MEANING  This chapter is concerned with semantics, the study of meaning in human language. Restrict our attention here to four major topics in semantics  (1) the nature of meaning .  (2) some properties of the conceptual system underlying meaning ,  (3) the contribution of syntactic structure to the interpretation of sentences , and  (4) the role of non-grammatical factors in the understanding of utterances . 5/3/2014 6
  • 7. 1. What is semantics about? 2. Semantics: study of the relation between form and meaning 3.Language relates physical phenomena to meanings 5/3/2014 7
  • 8. We may distinguish different linguistic fields according to which part of this question :focus onthey pragmaticssemanticssyntaxphonetics phonology morphology |___________________________________________________________________| sounds meanings 5/3/2014 8
  • 9. will be toOur goal this section consider in very general way what this research had repealed about We willmeaning in human language. begin by considering some of the basic analytic notions used in evaluating the meanings of words and sentences . 5/3/2014 9
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  • 12. Polysem : occurs where a word has two or more related meanings. Apolyseme is a word or phrase with multiple meanings. Adjective:polysemous or polysemic. In contrast, a one-to-one match between a word and a meaning is called monosemy. "Monosemy is probably most clearly found in specialized vocabulary dealing with technical topics" 5/3/2014 12
  • 13. POLYSEMY: is a linguistic term. POLY + SEMY= MANY + SENSES polysemy (noun) 1. linguistics. The existence of more than one meaning for a single word, such as table. There are many polysemous (having many senses) in the English Language. Let's take the simple word, 1. 'FIX'. It has many meanings such as 1.attach, 2.Arrange 3.Get ready (food or drinks) 4.repair 5. punish, 6.set right (the hair) 2.Accept ( take willingly, receive as suitable, agree, admit (responsibility), to believe that something is true etc etc 5/3/2014 13
  • 14. 3.Table (a piece of furniture, dining table, facts / numbers, maths, (multiplication / addition tables, (V) to present 4.Count (to say the numbers in the right order, to calculate, include,, consider, (n) total, saying numbers, measurement etc ….. 5.Funny: amusing, Strange, suspicious / illegal, crazy, , entertaining, witty, humorous, comic, hilarious, 6. Love (n): ( affection, romantic(fall in love with), Enjoyment, (love of learning), a score in games like tennis, Love-all), 7.Play (n): something done for pleasure, , a drama, a game, etc ….) 5/3/2014 14
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