Sva And The Confusing Phrases
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Sva And The Confusing Phrases

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Sva And The Confusing Phrases Sva And The Confusing Phrases Presentation Transcript

  • Subject-Verb Agreement Agreement in number and phrases between subject and verb
  • Verbs must agree with their subjects in NUMBER
    • If the subject is SINGULAR, the verb must be in its SINGULAR form
    • If the verb is PLURAL, the verb must be in its PLURAL form
    • Hint: a noun that ends in “s” is usually plural, but a verb that ends in “s” is usually singular.
    • Examples: The student helps the old lady across the street.
    • The students help the old lady across the street.
  • Phrases lurking in the sentence
    • Sometimes a phrase that is hiding between the subject and verb can be confusing.
    • For example:
    • The Smith family dog, loved by neighbors, barks every evening until midnight.
  • Let’s review phrases, shall we?
    • A phrase is a group of related words that act as one part of speech. They do not have a subject or predicate.
    • Prepositional phrases – begin w/ a preposition and act as adjectives or adverbs.
    • He went to the movies . The cat was hiding under the rug . The phone in my purse just rang.
  • More phrase review!
    • Appositive phrases give more information about a noun or pronoun
    • Bob, my favorite cousin , just ran over my cat.
    • Verbal (participial, gerund and infinitive) phrases act as nouns, adjectives or adverbs.
    • Painfully plunking the keys , the boy rehearsed his piano lesson for an hour.(ptc.)
  • More example phrases…
    • My brother tried licking a light post on a cold winter’s day. (gerund phrase)
    • To watch him squirm as he tried to break free was quite entertaining. (infinitive phrase)
  • Why is recognizing a phrase important?
    • … because sometimes they make subject/verb agreement a difficult task.
    • HOWEVER, when a phrases is stuck between the subject and verb, the number of the subject does NOT change.
    • Ex: The success of our students is reflected in their performance after high school. (subject- success/ verb – is)
  • More examples:
    • Books – whether history or science fiction —are fascinating.
    • The jeans in the window are really expensive
    • Most foods needed for our citizens to survive are still cultivated in the United States.
  • Practice and Apply
    • Try out activity 3 on page 159 1-5. Write the verb form that agrees with the subject.