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Plagiarism webeval

Plagiarism webeval






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    Plagiarism webeval Plagiarism webeval Presentation Transcript

    • Plagiarism Research Papers 2009-2010 Ms. Emili
    • Have you ever…
      • Copied and pasted text from a website without quoting/citing the author?
      • “ Summarized” an author’s work by changing a word or two
      Then you've probably plagiarized!
    • Definition:
      • Plagiarism is: the unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's own original work (dictionary.com)
    • Two types of plagiarism
      • Intentional
        • Copying a friend’s work
        • Cutting and pasting blocks of text
        • Media “borrowing”
      • Unintentional
        • Careless paraphrasing
        • Poor documentation
        • Quoting excessively
        • Failure to use your own “voice”
    • Excuses we’ve heard
      • “ It’s ok if I don’t get caught!”
      • “ Everyone does it!”
      • “ I was too busy to write that paper!”
      • “ My teachers expect too much!”
    • Just don’t do it: reasons why
      • Major consequences (grades)
        • Easier to catch than you think!
      • What are you actually learning?
      • Unethical
    • Possible School Consequences:
      • “ 0” on the assignment
      • Parents notified
      • Damaged reputation
      • HS/college: possible suspension/expulsion
      Is it worth it?
    • How do I avoid plagiarism?
      • Cite as you go
      • Careful note-taking
        • Quoting
        • Paraphrasing
        • Summarizing
    • Keeping track of your sources
      • Write down as much as you can BEFORE moving on to next source
        • Title, author, publication city and year, web address, etc.
      • Set up a labeling system: A1, A2, B1, B2
    • Quoting
      • Quotations: exact words of an author, copied word for word. MUST be cited
      • Use them when:
        • Power of the author’s words to support
        • Highlight eloquent passages
        • Disagreeing with an argument
      • DON’T quote when:
        • You could easily restate in your own words
        • Be careful not to over-use
    • Paraphrasing
      • Rephrasing the words of an author, putting his/her thoughts in your own words
      • Rework the source’s words, phrases, sentence structures with YOUR OWN
        • Changing one or two words is NOT paraphrasing!
    • Paraphrase when…
      • You could easily restate information in your own words
      • You want to avoid overusing quotations
    • Summarizing
      • Putting an author’s/several authors’ ideas into your own words
      • Significantly shorter than the original idea or quotation
    • Summarize when…
      • Establishing background information or giving an overview of a topic
      • Giving the main ideas of one source
    • As you take notes:
      • Use quotation marks for direct quotes or unique phrases and author’s name
        • Mark quotes with a “Q”
      • Paraphrase with the author’s name
        • Mark paraphrased segments with a “P”
      • Include page numbers and source references so you can go back and check
    • DO NOT…
      • Copy text word for word (from a book or copy and paste from online source)
      • Only change one or two words from original text
      • Switch back and forth between sources without indicating who the author/source is
    • do we have to cite everything?
    • NO!
      • You DO NOT have to cite:
        • Facts that are widely known
        • “ common knowledge”
    • Examples of Common Knowledge
      • There are 50 states in the U.S.
      • There are 365 days in a year
      • The Titanic sunk after hitting an iceberg
      • John Adams was the second U.S. President
    • How can you tell?
      • Majority of people know OR
      • Can easily find out from many sources
      • Easily “findable” in an encyclopedia, almanac, state website, dictionary, etc.
    • Remember:
      • Your teacher knows your work!
      • Your teachers discuss student work with each other
      • Your teacher checks suspicious work against search engines and other student papers
      • We expect honesty from our students
    • Web Evaluation
    • First things first…
      • Evaluating info is an essential part of research
      • Just because a site “looks good”…
      • Differences between print and Internet sources
      • Quality vs. quantity
        • Not all info is “good” info
    • Print vs. online sources
      • Who is the author?
      • Author’s qualifications?
      • Editing process
      • Currency
    • 5 Clues to help you…
      • Take the time to do a little detective work
        • Use the 5 Clues to help you decide whether to accept or reject info
    • Clue #1: URLs
      • .com
      • .gov
      • .org
      • .edu
      • .net, or ~ is a PERSONAL webpage
        • Angelfire, Geocities, blogs
    • Clue #2: Author
      • Who are they?
      • Who are they associated with? Bias?
      • What are their CREDENTIALS?
      • If you can’t answer these questions, DON’T USE THIS SOURCE
      • Hint: check “About” page or Google them
    • Clue #3: Content
      • Does the information SEEM accurate (based on what you know)?
      • Opinion or fact-based?
      • Spelling or grammatical errors?
      • Look and feel of the page/ads?
      • HINT: does the information match what you’ve found elsewhere? Verify!
    • Clue #4: Currency
      • When was the page created?
      • When was it last updated?
      • Do you need time-sensitive info?
      • HINT: “Last updated” at bottom of page
    • Clue #5: Links and Sources
      • Are there links to other sites?
      • Did the author cite their sources?
      • HINT: “more info” or “links”
    • A note on Wikipedia
      • Who is the author?
        • No credentials needed- anyone can create/update a page
      • When can I use Wikipedia???
        • As a starting point, not a source
        • To explore a topic before deciding on it
        • Use their “external links”: still need to evaluate!!