0
 
<ul><li>José Echegaray y Eizaguirre  (April 19, 1832 – September 14, 1916) was a  Spanish   civil engineer ,  mathematicia...
<ul><li>Jacinto Benavente y Martínez  (August 12, 1866 – July 14, 1954) was one of the foremost Spanish dramatists of the ...
<ul><li>Santiago Ramón y Cajal   (1 May 1852 – 17 October 1934)  </li></ul><ul><li>Was a  Spanish pathologist ,  histologi...
<ul><li>Vicente Pío Marcelino Cirilo Aleixandre y Merlo  (April 26, 1898 – December 14, 1984) was a  Spanish   poet  who w...
<ul><li>Juan Ramón Jiménez Mantecón  (23 December 1881 – 29 May 1958) was a Spanish  poet , a prolific writer who received...
<ul><li>Severo Ochoa de Albornoz  (September 24, 1905 – November 1, 1993) was a  Spanish - American   doctor  and  biochem...
<ul><li>Camilo José Cela y Trulock, 1st Marquis of Iria Flavia    </li></ul><ul><li>11 May 1916 – 17 January 2002) was a  ...
<ul><li>Jorge Mario Pedro Vargas Llosa, 1st Marquis of Vargas Llosa  (Spanish pronunciation. </li></ul><ul><li>; born Marc...
BYE,BYE
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Spanish nobel laureates

657

Published on

school

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
657
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Spanish nobel laureates"

  1. 2. <ul><li>José Echegaray y Eizaguirre  (April 19, 1832 – September 14, 1916) was a  Spanish   civil engineer ,  mathematician ,  statesman , and one of the leading Spanish  dramatists  of the last quarter of the 19th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Along with the  Provençal   poet   Frédéric Mistral , he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature  in 1904, making him the first Spaniard to win the prize. His most famous play is  El gran Galeoto , a drama written in the grand nineteenth century manner of  melodrama . It is about the poisonous effect that unfounded gossip has on a middle-aged man's happiness. </li></ul><ul><li>Echegaray filled it with elaborate stage instructions that illuminate what we would now consider a hammy style of acting popular in the 19th century. </li></ul><ul><li>  Paramount Pictures  filmed it as a silent with the title changed to  The World and His Wife . </li></ul><ul><li>His most remarkable plays are  </li></ul><ul><li>Saint or Madman?  ( O locura o santidad , 1877);  </li></ul><ul><li>Mariana  (1892);  </li></ul><ul><li>El estigma  (1895);  </li></ul><ul><li>The Calum  ( La duda , 1898); </li></ul><ul><li>  El loco Dios  (1900). </li></ul><ul><li>The Echegaray street named after him in Madrid is famed for its Flamenco  taverns. </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Jacinto Benavente y Martínez  (August 12, 1866 – July 14, 1954) was one of the foremost Spanish dramatists of the 20th century. He was awarded the  Nobel Prize for Literature  in 1922. </li></ul><ul><li>Born in  Madrid , the son of a celebrated pediatrician, he returned drama to reality by way of social criticism: declamatory verse giving way to prose, melodrama to comedy, formula to experience, impulsive action to dialogue and the play of minds. Benavente showed a preoccupation with aesthetics and later with ethics. </li></ul><ul><li>A  liberal   monarchist  and a critic of  Socialism , he was a reluctant supporter of the  Franco  regime as the only viable alternative to what he considered the disastrous republican experiment of 1931-1936. Benavente died in Aldeaencabo de Escalona ( Toledo ) at the age of 87. He never married. According to many sources, he was  homosexual . </li></ul><ul><li>Jacinto Benavente wrote 172 works. The most important works are: </li></ul><ul><li>Los intereses creados (1907), comedy involving situations similar to those found in the  Commedia dell'arte ; it is Benavente's most famous and often performed work. It has been translated as  The Bonds of Interest . </li></ul><ul><li>Rosas de otoño  (1905), sentimental comedy. </li></ul><ul><li>Señora ama  (1908), </li></ul><ul><li>La malquerida  (1913), drama. </li></ul><ul><li>La ciudad alegre y confiada  (1916), continuation from  Los intereses creados . </li></ul><ul><li>Campo de armiño  (1916) </li></ul><ul><li>Lecciones de buen amor  (1924) </li></ul><ul><li>La mariposa que voló sobre el mar  (1926) </li></ul><ul><li>Pepa Doncel  (1928) </li></ul><ul><li>Vidas cruzadas  (1929) </li></ul><ul><li>Aves y pájaros  (1940) </li></ul><ul><li>La honradez de la cerradura  (1942) </li></ul><ul><li>La infanzona  (1945) </li></ul><ul><li>Titania  (1946) </li></ul><ul><li>La infanzona  (1947) </li></ul><ul><li>Abdicación  (1948) </li></ul><ul><li>Ha llegado Don Juan  (1952) </li></ul><ul><li>El alfiler en la boca  (1954) </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Santiago Ramón y Cajal   (1 May 1852 – 17 October 1934) </li></ul><ul><li>Was a  Spanish pathologist ,  histologist ,  neuroscientist , and  Nobel laureate . </li></ul><ul><li>His pioneering investigations of the microscopic structure of the brain were original: he is considered by many to be the father of modern  </li></ul><ul><li>neuroscience . </li></ul><ul><li>He was skilled at drawing, and hundreds of his illustrations of brain cells are still used for educational purposes today </li></ul><ul><li>Ramón y Cajal's early work was accomplished at the Universities of Zaragoza and  Valencia , where he focused on the pathology of  inflammation , the microbiology of  cholera , and the structure of epithelial cells and tissues. It was not until he moved to the University of Barcelona in 1887 that he learned  Golgi 's  silver nitrate  preparation and turned his attention to the  central nervous system . During this period he made extensive studies of neural material covering many species and most major regions of the brain. </li></ul><ul><li>Ramón y Cajal made several major contributions to neuroanatomy. He discovered the axonal growth cone, and provided the definitive evidence for what would later be known as &quot;neuron theory&quot;, experimentally demonstrating that the relationship between nerve cells was not one of continuity, but rather of contiguity. &quot;Neuron theory&quot; stands as the foundation of modern neuroscience. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Vicente Pío Marcelino Cirilo Aleixandre y Merlo  (April 26, 1898 – December 14, 1984) was a  Spanish   poet  who was born in Seville . [1]  Aleixandre was a  Nobel Prize  laureate for  Literature  in 1977. He was part of the  Generation of '27 . He died in  Madrid  in 1984. </li></ul><ul><li>Aleixandre's early poetry, which he wrote mostly in free verse, is highly  surrealistic . It also praises the beauty of nature by using symbols that represent the earth and the sea. Many of Aleixandre's early poems are filled with sadness. They reflect his feeling that people have lost the passion and free spirit that he saw in nature. </li></ul><ul><li>His works </li></ul><ul><li>His early collections of poetry include  Passion of the Earth  (1935) and  Destruction or Love  (1933). In 1944, he wrote  Shadow of Paradise , the poetry where he first began to concentrate on themes such as fellowship, friendliness, and spiritual unity. His later books of poetry include  History of the Heart  (1954) and  In a Vast Dominion  (1962). </li></ul><ul><li>Aleixandre studied law at the  University of Madrid . Selections of his work were translated into English in  Twenty Poems of Vicente Aleixandre  (1977) and  A Longing for the Light: Selected Poems of Vincent Aleixandre  (1979;  Copper Canyon Press , 2007) (translated by  Lewis Hyde ). </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Juan Ramón Jiménez Mantecón  (23 December 1881 – 29 May 1958) was a Spanish poet , a prolific writer who received the  Nobel Prize in Literature  in 1956. One of Jiménez's most important contributions to modern poetry was his advocacy of the French concept of &quot;pure poetry.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Although he was primarily a poet, Jiménez' prose work  Platero y yo  (1917; &quot;Platero and I&quot;) sold well in Latin America, and in translation won him popularity in the USA. He also collaborated with his wife in the translation of the Irish playwright  John Millington Synge 's Riders to the Sea  (1920). His poetic output during his life was immense. Among his better known works are  Sonetos espirituales 1914–1916  (1916; “Spiritual Sonnets, 1914–15”),  Piedra y cielo  (1919; “Stones and Sky”),  Poesía, en verso , 1917–1923 (1923),  Poesía en prosa y verso  (1932; “Poetry in Prose and Verse”),  Voces de mi copla  (1945; “Voices of My Song”), and  Animal de fondo  (1947; “Animal at Bottom”). A collection of 300 poems (1903–53) in English translation by Eloise Roach was published in 1962. </li></ul><ul><li>His literary influence on Puerto Rican writers strongly marks the works of  Giannina Braschi ,  René Marqués , and  Manuel Ramos Otero . The library at the main campus of the University of Puerto Rico in Río Piedras features the &quot;Sala Juan Ramón y Zenobia&quot;, a collection of many of Jiménez's personal belongings and personal library, as well as his wife's. </li></ul><ul><li>A quotation from Jiménez, &quot;If they give you ruled paper, write the other way&quot;, is the  epigraph  to  Ray Bradbury 's novel  Fahrenheit 451 . </li></ul><ul><li>The name of Juan Ramón Jiménez is familiar to students at the  University of Maryland , the language building of which is named for the poet. </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Severo Ochoa de Albornoz  (September 24, 1905 – November 1, 1993) was a Spanish - American   doctor  and  biochemist , and joint winner of the 1959  Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine  with  Arthur Kornberg . </li></ul><ul><li>He then went to America, where he again held many positions at several universities. In 1942 he was appointed Research Associate in Medicine at the  New York University School of Medicine  and there subsequently became Assistant Professor of Biochemistry (1945), Professor of Pharmacology (1946), Professor of Biochemistry (1954), and Chairman of the Department of Biochemistry. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1956, he became an American citizen. In 1959, Ochoa was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his work on the  synthesis  of  RNA .  </li></ul><ul><li>Ochoa continued research on  protein synthesis  and replication of RNA viruses until 1985, when he returned to Spain and gave advice to Spanish science policy authorities and scientists. </li></ul><ul><li>  Ochoa was also a recipient of U.S.  National Medal of Science  in 1979. </li></ul><ul><li>  A new research center that was planned in the 1970s, was finally built and named after  Ochoa . </li></ul><ul><li>The  asteroid   117435 Severochoa  is also named in his honour. In June 2011, the United States Postal Service issued a stamp honouring him. </li></ul><ul><li>Severo Ochoa died in  Madrid, Spain  on November 1 </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Camilo José Cela y Trulock, 1st Marquis of Iria Flavia   </li></ul><ul><li>11 May 1916 – 17 January 2002) was a  Spanish  novelist and short story writer. </li></ul><ul><li>He was awarded the 1989  Nobel Prize in Literature  &quot;for a rich and intensive prose, which with restrained compassion forms a challenging vision of man's vulnerability </li></ul><ul><li>Selected works: </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pisando la dudosa luz del dia  (1956; 1st ed. 1945). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Novels: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>La familia de Pascual Duarte  (1942) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pabellón de reposo  (1943) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nuevas andanzas y desventuras de Lazarillo de Tormes  (1944) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>La colmena  (1951) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mrs. Caldwell habla con su hijo  (1952,  Mrs. Caldwell Speaks to Her Son ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>La catira  (1955) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tobogán de hambrientos  (1962) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>San Camilo I936  (1969) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oficio de tinieblas 5  (1973) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mazurca para dos muertos  (1983) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cristo versus Arizona  (1988) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>La cruz de San Andrés  (1994) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Madera de boj  (1999) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Jorge Mario Pedro Vargas Llosa, 1st Marquis of Vargas Llosa  (Spanish pronunciation. </li></ul><ul><li>; born March 28, 1936) is a  Peruvian - Spanish  writer, politician, journalist, essayist, and  Nobel Prize  laureate. </li></ul><ul><li>  Vargas Llosa is one of Latin America's most significant novelists and essayists, and one of the leading authors of his generation. Some critics consider him to have had a larger international impact and worldwide audience than any other writer of the  Latin American Boom . </li></ul><ul><li>H e was awarded the 2010  Nobel Prize in Literature  &quot;for his cartography of structures of power and his trenchant images of the individual's resistance, revolt, and defeat </li></ul><ul><li>Vargas Llosa rose to fame in the 1960s with novels such as </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>The Time of the Hero  ( La ciudad y los perros , literally  The City and the Dogs , 1963/1966 [4] ),  </li></ul><ul><li>The Green House ( La casa verde , 1965/1968), and </li></ul><ul><li>  Conversation in the Cathedral ( Conversación en la catedral , 1969/1975). </li></ul><ul><li>He writes prolifically across an array of literary genres , including  literary criticism  and journalism. </li></ul><ul><li>His novels include comedies, murder mysteries, historical novels, and political thrillers. </li></ul><ul><li>Several, such as Captain Pantoja and the Special Service  (1973/1978) and  Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter  (1977/1982), have been adapted as feature films </li></ul>
  9. 10. BYE,BYE
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×