Discovering Our Reality


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Discovering Our Reality

  1. 1. Discovering Our Reality<br />Lyudmila Aleksandrova<br />Speech 104<br />
  2. 2. What is reality?<br /><ul><li>Reality in everyday usage means everything that exist. Reality is the degree of agreement reached by two ends of a communication line.
  3. 3. That which is real is real simply because it is agreed upon, and for no other reason. “Reality” is created in the mind.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Virtual reality is the use of computer technology to create the effect of an interactive three-dimensional world in which the object s have a sense of special presence. </li></ul>3 Dimensional World<br />At least 3 of 5 Sense controlled by computer <br />You believe you are in another place<br />
  4. 4. Real or Virtual<br />
  5. 5.
  6. 6. <ul><li>Perceptions is the process by which we attach meaning to the world.
  7. 7. Our world consist of the people experiences, and objects that influence us.
  8. 8. We become aware of the world around us through our senses. </li></ul>Sight<br />Smell<br />Hearing<br />Feeling<br />Taste<br />The Perception Process<br />
  9. 9. Perception is unique to each person<br />No tow people view the world exactly the same<br />No one can perceive 100% of all things at all times<br />The perception process consists of three stages:<br />Selecting – filtering mechanism<br />Are you aware of your breathing?<br />The temperature in the room?<br />If you are hungry or tired?<br />Sorting – organize and prioritize<br />If you are attracted to, notice that you will have the necessary data to create a reality<br />Interpreting – manipulate data to give meaning to the information that has been selected<br />This process gives us an understanding of our environment, which we call our reality<br />
  10. 10. <ul><li>Psychological condition
  11. 11. Affect how we recognize incoming data</li></ul>If we are in love, even a rainy day might look good to us<br />If we are depressed, no matter how nice our surroundings might be, the reality we create will be negative <br /><ul><li>Physical condition
  12. 12. Can affect what data we recognize
  13. 13. Physiological influences include:</li></ul>Senses<br />Age<br />Health<br />Fatigue<br />Hunger<br />Biological cycle<br />Selecting and Sorting Filters<br />health<br />
  14. 14. <ul><li>Language
  15. 15. Create an organizational system that allows us to understand messages from our environment</li></ul>The more limited our vocabulary, the more limited our reality<br /><ul><li>Formal learning
  16. 16. Shapes how we view our reality</li></ul>Formal education-teaches people to be good citizens<br /><ul><li>Experience
  17. 17. Are our first-hand informal learning activities
  18. 18. Expectation
  19. 19. Are perceptions that we expect to conform to what we already believe the actual event is
  20. 20. Affects our self-esteem and ultimately our judgment
  21. 21. Expectations are influenced by:</li></ul>Cultural differences<br />Social roles<br />General roles<br />Occupational roles<br />Self-concept<br />
  22. 22. Factors that influence how we interpret data<br /><ul><li>Closure</li></ul>Is physiological reflex reaction<br />Is the mind’s imperative to make sense out of its environment<br />Your mind fills in the blank or missing data<br />Is not conscious activity<br />
  23. 23. <ul><li>Selective perception</li></ul>Narrow available cognition to make interpretation of environment<br />Use only cognition necessary to make judgment about person, events, and things in our life<br /><ul><li>Pattering</li></ul>Is the attempt to keep new or current perceptions in line with past ones<br />Help us avoid the discomfort of dealing with new or conflicting information<br />
  24. 24. Reality Testing<br /> There are 2 steps:<br /><ul><li>Sharing and Comparing our realities</li></ul>By examining a variety of reality we may discover a more accurate reality<br />Perceptions are reasonable<br />No two reality are identical<br /><ul><li>Develop better Listening skills: reading, writing, speaking, listening</li></ul>Hearing – physiological process<br />Listening – psychological process controlled by mind<br />Empathic listening<br />Emotionally understand realities of others<br />Deliberate listening<br />Attempt to hear information<br />Most of us do<br />
  25. 25. Stasis<br />Stasis is the absence of change in one or more of our realities for some extended period of time<br />It means “at rest”, and once we have reached stasis, we desire to maintain it<br />Theory of communication claims that we communicate to stay on Stasis<br />There are two kinds of Stasis<br />Positive<br />Upbeat people tend to view their environment optimistically<br />Negative<br />Negative people generally have a depressed view of their environment<br />