Made by adding white to a color
so that it is lighter.
Made by adding black to a
color so that it is darker.
The brightness or dullness
of a color.
(NOT REALLY COLORS)
White + Black
Can be used with most colors
A GUIDE TO STUDY
HOW TO CHOOSE AND
•Pure and basic
•Cannot be made from any other colors
•All other colors are made from these
•Equal distance from each other on color wheel
•Made by mixing equal amounts of 2 primary colors
•Found halfway between the primary hues on the wheel
Made by mixing equal amounts of adjoining primary
and secondary colors.
WHEEL CAN BE
Appear hot like the sun or like fire
Give feelings of gaiety, activity or cheerfulness
Appear to advance-they make body look larger
Can give a nervous impression if overdone
Remind us of water or sky
Give feelings of quietness or restfulness
Appear to recede and make body look smaller
Can be depressing if overdone
This is a one-color plan that uses different tints, shades and
intensities of the color
ANALOGOUS COLOR SCHEME
This color scheme uses related, or neighboring colors on the
color wheel with varying values and intensities of the colors.
COMPLEMENTARY COLOR SCHEME
This color scheme uses opposite hues on the color
wheel. These colors are across from each other on the
wheel and have great contrast.
This color scheme uses three colors, one color with the two
colors on each side of its complement.
TRIAD COLOR SCHEME
This color scheme combines three colors equidistant on the
color wheel and has a great deal of contrast.
ACCENTED NEUTRAL COLOR
This color scheme combines white, black, gray or
sometimes beige with a bright color accent.
All colors are beautiful, depending on
If not used wisely or combined well, color
can cause apparel to look too gaudy or very
Harmony results when hues, values and
intensities are combined in a pleasing way.