Environmental Safety7.31 Safety in the workplace7.41 Safety signs, symbols and labels7.42 Hazardous materials
Ergonomics• Promotes personal safetyin the workplace.• Includes the correctplacement and use offurniture and equipment.• Encourages workers toavoid repetitive motions.
Ergonomics• Healthcare workers shouldhave an awareness of theenvironment to preventinjuries.• It is our responsibility toreport unsafe situations.
Equipment and Solutions• DO NOT operate equipment until you areinstructed on its proper use.• Read and followoperating instructions.• Report damaged or malfunctioning equipmentimmediately.
Equipment and Solutions• Use lockout tags/devices following agencyprocedures.• DO NOT use frayed or damaged electricalcords, or a plug with a broken prong.
Equipment and Solutions• DO NOT handle electricalequipment with wet handsor around water.• Store all equipment in itsproper place.• Read Material Safety DataSheets before usingchemicals.
Equipment and Solutions• DO NOT use solutions inunlabeled bottles.• Read the label three timesto assure you are using thecorrect solution.• DO NOT mix solutionsunless done under propersupervision.
Patient and Resident Safety• DO NOT perform procedures unless instructedto do so.• Use only correct and approved methods,never shortcuts.
Patient and Resident Safety• Provide patient privacy:1. Knock before entering the room.2. Speak to the patient and identify yourself.3. Ask for permission to go around a privacycurtain.4. Provide privacy before beginning a procedure.
Patient and Resident Safety• Identify the patient.1. Check the ID band.2. Ask the patient to state his or her name.3. Address the patient by his or her name at leasttwice.• Explain what you are going to do.• Never perform a procedure if the patientrefuses.
Patient and Resident Safety• Be alert to the patient’s condition at alltimes, and report any changes.• Be alert to environmental safety hazards.• Before leaving a patient, be sure:1. The bed is at its lowest level, wheels locked.2. The call bell is within reach.3. Supplies are within easy reach.4. To leave the area neat and clean.
Personal Safety• Protect yourself and others from injury.• Use correct body mechanics.• Wear the required uniform.• Walk – DO NOT run!
Personal Safety• Immediately report personalinjury to your supervisor.• Report unsafe situations toyour supervisor.• Keep areas clean and neatwith everything in theproper place.• Wash hands frequently.
Personal Safety• Keep hands away from face, eyes and mouth.• Dry hands before touching equipment.• Use safety glasses when needed.
Personal Safety• Avoid horseplay and practical jokes.• If solutions get in your eyes,flush with water and informyour supervisor.• If a particle gets in your eye – inform yoursupervisor and DON’T rub it or try to removethe particle.
Signs and Symbols• Standard precaution symbols for:– Wash hands– Wear gloves– Wear mask– Wear eye protection– Wear gown
Labels• Use solutions only asdirected on the label.• Follow manufacturersdirections for storage ofchemicals.• For breakage orspills, notify yoursupervisor immediatelyand follow disposalinstructions on the label orMSDS.
Implications of Hazardous Materials• Manufacturers must provide Material SafetyData Sheets (MSDS) for hazardous products.• The MSDS must provide:1. Information about the chemical2. Protection/precautions to be used3. Instructions for safe use4. Procedures for spills, cleanup and disposal5. Emergency first aid if injury occurs
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