Oxygen needs

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Oxygen needs

  1. 1. What importance does oxygen have for health & life?
  2. 2. Oxygen is a basic need required for life. Death occurs within in minutes if breathing stops. Brain damage & serious illness occurs without oxygen
  3. 3.  Respiratory system  Pain Circulatory system  Drugs Red Blood Cell count  Smoking Nervous system  Narcotics function  Allergies Aging  Pollution Exercise  Nutrition Fever  Alcohol
  4. 4. Three processes involved:1. air moving in and out of lungs2. O2 and Co2 exchange at alveoli3. Blood carrying o2 and removing CO2
  5. 5.  Lack of oxygen to the cellss/sx: restless dizzy confusion behavior change increase pulse increase respirations cyanosis dyspnea
  6. 6.  Tachypnea Bradypnea Apnea Hypoventilation Hyperventilation Dyspnea Cheyne stokes- increase rate & depth, then become shallow & slow Orthopnea Biot’s- rapid & deep breathing then apnea Kussmaul’s- very deep & rapid, sign of diabetic coma Respiratory arrest- to stop breathing Respiratory distress- body tries to compensate to increase O2
  7. 7.  CXR- chest x-ray Lung scan Bronchoscopy Thorcentesis Pulmonary function test ABG- Arterial Blood Gas Pulse Oximetry Sputum specimen
  8. 8. 1. Positioning2. Cough and deep breathing3. Respirex/incentive spironmeter
  9. 9. 1. Types: a. continuous b. Intermittent ( PRN)2. Sources; a. oxygen tank ( green) -Crack tank- open & close tank quickly to remove debris b. Oxygen concentrator c. Liquid oxygen d. wall units
  10. 10. A. Nasal Canula- max 6L/min.B. Face maskC. Partial re-breathing maskD. Venturi Mask-precise O2 given
  11. 11. E. Non re-breathing mask -no exhaled or room air enter bag, pure - O2 in bag –highest level of O2 for a pt. - keep bag inflated -fill with air prior to putting on pt.
  12. 12.  Post precautions outside of room Limit situations that may start fires: -no smoking - no open flames - ground electrical equipment - avoid electric razor - avoid use of frayed cords - avoid static electricity -know how to transport O2 safely
  13. 13.  Report repair or inadequate fx. Keep tubing off floor Make sure tubing kinked RN must adjust O2 flow rates NA can monitor flow rate
  14. 14. You are assisting with activities in a nsg. Home. Three residents are receiving oxygen. When attending activities, one resident has a liquid portable oxygen unit and two residents have portable oxygen tanks. What is your responsibility related to oxygen for the 3 residents?
  15. 15. You must check the oxygen level when you are with the pt. using oxygen. Report low levels to the RN.

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