What importance does oxygen have for health & life?
Oxygen is a basic need required for life. Death occurs within in minutes if breathing stops. Brain damage & serious illness occurs without oxygen
Respiratory system Pain Circulatory system Drugs Red Blood Cell count Smoking Nervous system Narcotics function Allergies Aging Pollution Exercise Nutrition Fever Alcohol
Three processes involved:1. air moving in and out of lungs2. O2 and Co2 exchange at alveoli3. Blood carrying o2 and removing CO2
Lack of oxygen to the cellss/sx: restless dizzy confusion behavior change increase pulse increase respirations cyanosis dyspnea
Tachypnea Bradypnea Apnea Hypoventilation Hyperventilation Dyspnea Cheyne stokes- increase rate & depth, then become shallow & slow Orthopnea Biot’s- rapid & deep breathing then apnea Kussmaul’s- very deep & rapid, sign of diabetic coma Respiratory arrest- to stop breathing Respiratory distress- body tries to compensate to increase O2
1. Positioning2. Cough and deep breathing3. Respirex/incentive spironmeter
1. Types: a. continuous b. Intermittent ( PRN)2. Sources; a. oxygen tank ( green) -Crack tank- open & close tank quickly to remove debris b. Oxygen concentrator c. Liquid oxygen d. wall units
A. Nasal Canula- max 6L/min.B. Face maskC. Partial re-breathing maskD. Venturi Mask-precise O2 given
E. Non re-breathing mask -no exhaled or room air enter bag, pure - O2 in bag –highest level of O2 for a pt. - keep bag inflated -fill with air prior to putting on pt.
Post precautions outside of room Limit situations that may start fires: -no smoking - no open flames - ground electrical equipment - avoid electric razor - avoid use of frayed cords - avoid static electricity -know how to transport O2 safely
Report repair or inadequate fx. Keep tubing off floor Make sure tubing kinked RN must adjust O2 flow rates NA can monitor flow rate
You are assisting with activities in a nsg. Home. Three residents are receiving oxygen. When attending activities, one resident has a liquid portable oxygen unit and two residents have portable oxygen tanks. What is your responsibility related to oxygen for the 3 residents?
You must check the oxygen level when you are with the pt. using oxygen. Report low levels to the RN.