Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Disorders of cardio system
Disorders of cardio system
Disorders of cardio system
Disorders of cardio system
Disorders of cardio system
Disorders of cardio system
Disorders of cardio system
Disorders of cardio system
Disorders of cardio system
Disorders of cardio system
Disorders of cardio system
Disorders of cardio system
Disorders of cardio system
Disorders of cardio system
Disorders of cardio system
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Disorders of cardio system

127

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
127
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Disorders of theCardiovascular System
  • 2. Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)Cause: Problems: – Atherosclerosis—fatty – Angina deposits in vessels – MIRisk factors: – ischemic sudden death – high BP – diabetes – obesity – hereditary – smoking – stress – no exercise – diet
  • 3. Risk FactorsNon-modifiable Modifiable – Hereditary – Hypertension – Race- African Americans – Diabetes – Sex- Males – Obesity – Age – Smoking – Stress – Lack of exercise – Diet – Drugs – Oral contraceptives
  • 4. MI• Heart doesnt get 0 2 muscle dies• Triggers of MI: – increase workload of heart – increase 02 need – increase 02 needs – environmental: • smoking, stress, cold – illness: • anemia, thyroid disease, High BP, irregular heart beat, infections – Medications: • antihistamines, decongestants, cocaine, amphetamines stop heart meds quickly
  • 5. S/SX of MI• Pain crushing, radiates to jaw, neck, arm• Indigestion• N/V• Anxiety• Perspiration• Cool skin• Cyanosis• Irregular heart beat• Weakness• Decrease BP
  • 6. TreatmentDiagnosis: Treatment – EKG – Medications – treadmill stress test • relax arteries – cardiac cath • stop clotting • dissolve clot – echocardiogram – Surgery • stents • angioplasty • bypass surgery
  • 7. PCT Roles for MI pt.• Recognize s/sx of MI• Vital signs• Pace activities• Diet instruction• Monitor s/sx of bleeding from meds• Stress relieve• Assist with tests
  • 8. Angina• Pain b/c decrease 02 to heart• May be slow or rapid onset• Stable angina – brought on by stress, emotion, activity – Goes away when activity stopped• Unstable angina – does not go away when activity stopped
  • 9. Thrombosis/Embolism• Thrombosis – clot that blocks blood flow• Embolism – clot that travels and lodges someplace else• Complications – CVA, MI, pulmonary embolism
  • 10. Risk factors for Thrombosis/Embolism• Dehydration • Hereditary• Bed rest/decrease • Smoking mobility • Diabetes• Birth control pills • Obesity• Obesity • IV needles inserted for• Pregnancy long periods of time
  • 11. s/sx of Blood Clots• Cold extremity• Tingling sensation• Decrease sensation• Pain in calf• Redness/edema
  • 12. Care of pt with Clots/PVDObserve: Teach: – color change – avoid cold/hot temp – temperature change – avoid sitting long time – change in pulse – no tight clothes – edema – no crossing legs – confusion – good diet – difficulty ambulating – decrease stress
  • 13. TED Hose• Promote circulation• Rules: – measure for correct size – do not wash in washer – air dry – do not roll down – no wrinkles• SCDS – electric pump to promote circulation – take off and clean legs

×