Chapter 2 medical emergencies cv berger

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Chapter 2 medical emergencies cv berger

  1. 1. { Chapter 2 Medical Emergencies
  2. 2.  Respiratory Distress  Respiratory Failure  Respiratory Arrest Respiratory Issues
  3. 3. S/SX of breathing problems  Breathing-fast/slow  Trouble w each breath  Noisy breathing  Difficulty speaking Breathing problems
  4. 4. Asthma  Asthma- narrowing of the airway do to exposure to allergens, stress or exercise
  5. 5. Giving inhalers: - Shake - Put med in chamber - Remove cap off mouthpiece - Attach spacer - Tilt pt. head back & breath out slowly - Place in mouth - Push down med & take deep breath - Hold for 10 seconds & breath out Inhaler use
  6. 6. Assisting a victim with breathing issues  Scene safety?  Medication ?  Give inhaler  911-if no meds, does not improve w med, breathing gets worse  ? CPR
  7. 7. { {Mild blockage  Coughing  -let them cough Severe blockage  Can’t breathe  No sound/speech  -HELP!  -begin Heimlich Choking
  8. 8. If becomes unconscious – Start CPR
  9. 9. Allergic Reactions
  10. 10. { {Mild reaction  Stuffy nose  Itching eyes  Hives Severe reaction  Difficulty breathing  Stridor (airway closing)  Swelling of face  Shock Mild vs. severe reactions
  11. 11. EPI-Pen
  12. 12. Heart Attack ( MI- myocardial infarction) Leading cause of death
  13. 13. Atherosclerosis →CAD Coronary artery disease
  14. 14. Cardiac Compromise ↓ Heart not functioning properly ↓ Cardiac Arrest –s/sx : apnea, no pulse
  15. 15. s/sx of heart attack
  16. 16.  Levine sign  Cyanosis  JVD ( jugular vein distention)  Peripheral edema Other s/sx
  17. 17. Denial often a sign
  18. 18.  Stay calm  Stop activity & rest  Call 911  Get AED  Give aspirin ( 2 tabs children's str. /1 tabs adult str. )  CPR as needed Treatment
  19. 19.  Lack of blood to brain causing loss of consciousness  Short period of time when no response then seems ok Fainting
  20. 20.  Lower to floor  Call 911 Treatment
  21. 21. Diabetes
  22. 22.  Not eating  Vomiting  High activity with no food  Too much insulin Causes of low blood sugar
  23. 23. Tx. For ↓blood sugar  Give food/drink with sugar  Sit & rest  Call 911
  24. 24. Stroke-CVA Cerebral Vascular Accident
  25. 25.  HTN (↑BP)  CAD ( coronary artery disease)  Diabetes  Heart disease  Hx. Of stroke Risk factors:
  26. 26. Signs of a stroke-paralysis
  27. 27. { Treatment of a stroke  Airway  911  Time of event ?
  28. 28. TIA-transient ischemic attack
  29. 29. Causes of Seizures:
  30. 30.  Partial  Generalized Types of seizures:
  31. 31.  Tonic-stiffening  Clonic- contracting & relaxing “ jerking”  Postictal- seizing stopped fatigue Phases of stages:
  32. 32. s/sx
  33. 33. { Shock Caused by lack of blood to cells (↓ perfusion) -blood loss -heart attack -allergic reaction
  34. 34.  -911 -monitor airway/LOC -Place on back -Cover -CPR as needed TREATMENT:

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