Role of transportation in Development

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Role of transportation in Development

  1. 1. A presentationon ROLEOF TRANSPORTATIONIN NATIONAL DEVLOPMENT Faculty Advisor Dr.K. A.Chauhan Dr.N.C.Shah P.G.Incharge Dr.J.E.M.Macwan P.G. URBAN PLANNING CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT, M.TECH. (PLANNING), SEMESTER-1 Prepared by: Malvika Jaishal (P12UP004)
  2. 2. CONTENT • INTRODUCTION • MODES OF TRANSPORTATION • THE ROLE OF TRANSPORTATION IN NATIONAL DEVLOPMENT. • NEGATIVE IMPACT ON DEVLOPMENT • CONCLUSION
  3. 3. Introduction Transport : derived from Latin words =trans + portare (across)+ (to carry) Transportation • Transportation refers to the activity that facilitates physical movement of goods as well as individuals from one place to another
  4. 4. Modes of transportation • Roads • Railways • Airways • Waterways • Pipelines
  5. 5. Road Transport Road transport Vehicular Transport Non-Vehicular Transport
  6. 6. Railways • Transport huge amount of material, goods, and passengers
  7. 7. Airways Domestic Airways International airways
  8. 8. Waterways Waterways Inland Transport Ocean Transport
  9. 9. Pipelines • Transpotation of ---
  10. 10. Role of transportation Transportation contributes to the prosperity of a nation Industrial devlopment Social & culural devlopment Economic devlopment
  11. 11. Economic development Investment in transport is a key to economic growth • Transport sector contributes to 6% of Indian GDP
  12. 12. Share of different mode of transport in Indian GDP
  13. 13. Industrial development • Turning of local market into national market. • Increases the export import from the • Availability of raw material • Connecting the rural market or distributor to the cities. • Increase the Productivity of different industries.
  14. 14. Social and cultural development • Encourage the globalization • Improved the living condition of people. • Influence the formation urban societies • exchange and adoption of different culture
  15. 15. Negative impact on development • Migration • Environmental pollution • Increase in crime rate. • Hike in land cost.
  16. 16. Conclusion transport has a crucial role to play in economic development . It has been recognized that the provision of a high quality transport system is a necessary precondition for the full participation of remote communities in the benefits of national development: • Transport has a crucial role to play in economic development . It has been recognized that the provision of a high quality transport system is a necessary in the benefits of national development:
  17. 17. References • Road transport year book, transport research wing, ministry of shipping, road transport & highways government of India, New Delhi (March 2009) • Road transport service efficiency study, Energy & Infrastructure Operations Division South Asia Regional Office (November 1, 2005 ) • L.R. Kadiyali, Traffic Engineering and Transport Planning, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi. 1999. • S.K. Khanna- C. E. G. Justo, Highway Engineering, Nem Chand & Bros; Roorkee (U.P.), 2000

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