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Education System
 

Education System

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    Education System Education System Presentation Transcript

    • The U.S.A. and Education
    • The yellow school bus!
    • Pledge of Allegiance
      • Pledge of Allegiance recited and interpreted by John Wayne, an “American icon”
      • The original pledge was written in 1892 by Francis Bellamy, but words “under God” added in 1954
      • It is mandatory to say pledge of allegiance in all public schools, saluting the flag with hand over heart
    • Vocabulary
      • beacon: something that illuminates or inspires
      • wield: to command, manage or handle
      • profusion: abundance
      • forge: to form, produce, shape
      • hinder: to stop or prevent
        • DISCUSSION: What do you think of the Pledge of Allegiance? Do you think it is a good idea? How would you feel if they required something similar in Spain?
    • General stages of school
      • Pre-school- ages 3-5
      • Elementary school (Primary school)- Kindergarten through 5 th grade, ages 5-10
      • Middle school- 6 th through 8 th grade, ages 11-13
      • High school (Secondary School)- 9 th through 12 th grade, ages 14-18: students take a wide variety of required subjects, including Math, Science, English, Social Sciences, Physical Education, Foreign Language, Health
        • Students don’t need to choose one specific area of study, but can choose “Electives,” which are classes geared towards specific subjects (another language, social science, art, music, etc)
      • Colleges/Universities- ages 18-22
      • Masters, Law School, Business School, PhD (doctorate)
      • Private school—varies by age, grades offered, religious affiliation, college prep
      • Homeschooling (1.5 million children, about 3% of children)
    • Homeschooling Video http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =2sPnUoEbL6E
      • Issues
        • Socialization: stereotypes as “social misfits”
        • Isolation
        • Tests, college preparation
      • Pros
        • Not exposed to peer pressure, bullying
        • Flexibility
        • More exposure to “real world” and not school environment
    • Is socialization in school always a good thing?
    • Despite the evidence, many are still opposed to homeschooling
    • High School: The Senior Prom
      • Formal dance at the end of the school year
      • Limousines, fancy dresses
      • Dangers: Underage drinking, drinking and driving
      Corsage & boutonniere
    • Colleges & Universities
      • There are 4,352 colleges, universities, and junior colleges in the country
      • Range from public to private to religiously-affiliated
      • 4-year programs to attain a bachelor’s degree
      • Community colleges for an Associate’s degree (2 years)
      • In 2009, a record high of 40% of 18-24 year olds were enrolled in college.
      • Only 8.9 percent of students ever receive postgraduate degrees, and most, after obtaining their bachelor's degree, go directly to work
    • Declaring a “major”
      • Many Americans do not decide what they want to study until their first or second year in college (age 18 or 19)
      • In the U.S., having a certain major does not necessarily mean that is what your career will be. For example, you can get your degree in Biology, then go to law school to become a lawyer. Or you can get a degree in Political Science and then go to medical school and become a doctor, as long as you take the required courses.
    • University tuition costs
      • Public four-year colleges charge, on average, $7,020 (5,000 Euros) per year in tuition and fees for students who live in their state. The average price for full-time out-of-state students at these institutions is $11,528 (8,000 Euros). 
      • Private four-year colleges charge, on average, $26,273 (19,000 Euros) per year in tuition and fees. (**doesn’t include housing, books, food, etc!**)
      • My university costs approximately $50,000 per year (36,000 Euros)= $200,000 (144,000 Euros) for four years!!!
    • How students pay
      • The majority of students (70%) lack the financial resources to pay for college
      • Loans- Federal and private
      • Scholarships- need-based or merit-based
      • Many students graduate with a lot of debt, average of $24,000 (17,000 Euros)
    • Compare and Contrast with Spain
      • Get into groups to discuss the differences and similarities between U.S. education and Spanish education.
      • Each group has to come up with 5 things that are similar and/or different in Spain.
      • Groups can also give other interesting facts about Spanish education.
      • Present to the rest of the class.
    • Questions
      • • Do you think that studying in a different country is
      • important? What are the benefits and/or downfalls?
      • • Do you think Spain has a good education system? Why
      • or why not?
      • • Do you think that religion should be affiliated with
      • education systems? Why or why not?
      • • Do you think that getting a university degree is
      • important? Why or why not?
      • • Do you think university should be free? Why or why not?
      • If it was free, would there be implications to the quality of
      • education?