Dictionary of advanced architecturePresentation Transcript
AA >> Advanced Architecture>> Action>> Antytipe
AA >> Advanced ArchitectureAn action (an architecture) that is advanced is anaction (an architecture) which is necessarilyprojective: propositive and anticipatory/anticipating.An action (an architecture) with the capacity toconnect with technological change (industry andtechnique), with cultural progress (thought andcreation) and with scientific logic (research anddevelopment).
Action and activity in public space, Temporaryinstallations for ludic uses, Abalos & Herreros, VincenteGuallart, MVRDV, Riegler & Riewe, Barcellona 1998
ActionWhat we are interested in today is an ‘actionarchitecture’ defined by a desire to act, to (inter)act.That is to activate, to generate, to produce, toexpress, to move, to exchange and to relate.To promote interaction between things, rather thaninterventions on them. Movements, rather thanpositions. Actions rather than figurations. Process,rather than occurrences.
nArchitects, Party Wall, 2005
ma0, Elastic Space, Berna, 2006
West 8, Schouwburgplein, Rotterdam, 1991-96
ma0, Playsacpe, Drancy, 2003
Alejandro Aravena, Elemental, Cile, 2003-2004
“In France an important publicprogram is being mounted todeconstruct the high-risehousing estates from the 1960sand 70s(demolition/reconstruction on aone-to-one basis), thusexpressing a strong will totransform the image of the city.At the same time an importantdeficit is observed of publichousing, one which would, onthe contrary, call for an increaseand an acceleration in buildingterms.In this context, we consider thatdemolition is aberrant and thattransformation would permitone to respond to needs in amore economic, more effectiveand more qualitative way.”PLUS -Les grands ensemblesde logementsMinistère de la culture et de lacommunication, 2004
AntitypesA surprising image shows a car coupled to anaeroplane…This is not an univocal object… it is not a typologicaldesign, but rather an a-typological mechanism; anantitype.
Lotek, Skateboard Park, New York
MVRDV, Pig City, 2001
MVRDV, Frosilos, Copenaghen 2005
IAN+, Sportcity,HiperCatalunya,consultazione internazionaleper la regione Catalana,Barcellona 2003
>> Form (and no-form) >> ambiguity>> Interfaces>> Devices>> Dispositions>> Situation >>“Excited place” >> form >> ambiguity
Nox, Fresh H2O eXPO, 1994-97
Form (and no-form)The interest lies in an architecture that has neitherimage nor form. That does not express explicitly thescale in which it is produced.Today shape is disposition.
AQ architettura quotidiana, Mar dei piccoli, Taranto, 2004
AmbiguityUnivocal space now yields to a space decidedlyambivalent…In a multifaceted, polyphase, definitively non-essential reality, architecture can create spaces thatare more plural, by virtue, precisely, of beingindeterminate. Implicitly changing and (in)formal.Multiple. Multiplied and multiplicative.A building can be a garden. A garden, a building.
Francois & Lewis, Stazione di trattamento dellacqua, Nantes, Francia 1995
Francois & Lewis, Case Rurali, Jupilles, Francia 1996
Francois, Tower Flower,Parigi 1999
Patrick Blanc e JeanNouvel, Branly Museum,Parigi 2006
Herzog & De Meuron,Caixa ForumContemporary ArtMuseum, Madrid 2008
MVRDV, 3D-Garden, 2001 Hangelo, Netherlands.
NL, Basketbar, Utrecht, 2003
FOA, International Port Terminal,Yokohama, Giappone, 2002
Francois Roche, Silverelif, B-mu, Contemporary art Museum, Bangkok,Thaïlande 2002<<Collecting the dust of the city ("Breeding the dust" of Duchamp...) byan aluminium envelop and electrostatics system. >>
2a+p, Round Blur, Torino, 2002-05
DevicesOur challenge as architects is to produce newdevices of action… Dispositifs (devices) (open andevolutionary) rather than design (closed and exact).
PPAG, Blocchi di polistireneaggregabili, Vienna, 2002
DiversityOurs is a time of diversity, calling for constantsimultaneity of individual events in globalstructures… evidencing the impact –the emergence-of the singular upon the collective, not as “part of thewhole”, but rather as specificity “interconnected withthe whole”.In our time there exists the conditions for assumingcreatively this fragmentation, and thereby attainingan anthropological universality which also integratesplurality, difference and discontinuity.
MVRDV, Hageneiland , Netherlands, 2001
InhabitingToday, we are witnessing the generalised collapse ofthe mythical residential “stereotype”: the “sittingroom-dining room-kitchen-laundry- room-bathroom-plus three bedrooms, all in ninety square metres”scheme as the commonly accepted formula.There is also new awareness of a wandering type ofdomestic life, increasingly disseminated throughoutthe metropolis: replacement of private space withservice space scattered at the urban level (bar,restaurants, laundries, sports clubs, leisure centres,etc) in a city converted into a large dispersed homefor nomadic user.
Lotek, Container House
IAN+, Teletubi, MostraLavorare in Casa,Tokio, 2003
Eden Bio is a 100-unit social housing development in Paris.The project features terraced houses along pedestrian alleyways.Staircases to reach upstairs units will be mounted externally andcovered in plants. The lush, green atmosphere of the developmentwill be enhanced by the organic gardens all along the pedestrianalleys, as well as the greenery covering the buildings’ facades.Francois planned a vertical garden ...not forgetting to furnish eachflat with some flowerpots, so that everybody got the chance to growhis/her own plant on the window board!
LightnessLightness is a term, alongwith levity, that can amplyclaim to be characteristicof current architecture.Insulating layers have lostweight, becominghabitable spaces, and theconcepts of interior andexterior have lost theirdefinition, having becomemixed one another,thereby suggesting otherinterventions.
"catalogue house"Lacaton e Vassal, Casa Ferret, 1988
Junia Ishigamil, KAIT Studio for the Kanagawa Institute of Technology, KanagawaPrefecture, Japan, 2008
Precarious(ly)An approach made up ofreversible relationship, unstablelinks, impermanentconstructions, lightweightstructures and fragilepresences.Certain forms of architecturecan… accept theirinconsistency, their physical andconceptual precariousness, asa new value rather than as anegative quality.
Lacaton e Vassal, Maison Latapie, 1993
ReversibleReversible is action which is capable of changing thedirection of its own movement. There is something ofan elastic braid about it. It has an unstable presence.Such strategies could possibly even throw into crisisthe old idea of permanent colonization of and on theterritory… dynamics which would suggest the capacityto act with the place and with the user with a lessformal, and more informal –unstable and mutable-attitude.
HybridLand-archLand(s) in landsEcology >> Ambiguity
Land-arch…as an instrument. Thisshift has been favoured bythe passage from ageneration obsessed withthe relationship betweenarchitecture and city toanother, the latter moreaware of a new contractwith nature (a natureevidently epic, mongrel,manipulated, rather thandomestic and bucolic).
MVRDV, Dutch pavilionExpo 2000, Hanover
New dynamics conform to an incipient vocabulary of ahybrid contract… Construction that would artificiallyintegrate movements –or moments- of nature, in somecases “architecturalising” the landscape (modelling,cutting, folding…), proposing new topological shapes(reliefs, waves, folds)…
…in others, landscaping (lining, enveloping, covering)an architecture in ambiguous synergy with the strangenature that surrounds it.
Imaginative formulas capable of favouring this newnatural contract… would reside precisely in its capacityto incorporate the technical, plastic and perhapsunheard-of solutions neither paralysed nor diminishedby the presence of the nature, but rather stimulatedprecisely by the possibility to incorporating it, ofspurring it, of reformulating it –of enriching it ratherthan conserving it.
Tod’s Shop, Tokyo, 2004
Toyo Ito, Mediateca, Sendai, 2001
Land(s) in lands“Operative landscapes” rather than “host landscape”.As with the city, which has blurred the boundaries separating itfrom former extramural territories, today the architectural projecttoo can blur its profiles –and its edges- in newgeographies of transition. The application of new structuraland technical concepts… now permit the positing of adeformation of the old Euclidean structures, transformingthem into multilayered spaces… towards almost geologicalprocesses… spaces of folding rather than prismaticvolumes…Topographies rather than volumes.“Lands over other lands”.Constructed geographies rather than architectures.No longer lovely volumes under the light, but ratherambiguous landscapes under the sky.Fields within other fields. Lands in lands.
Sejima, Multimedia Studio, 1996
SANAA, Rolex Learning Center, EPFL Losanna, 2004-2010
NL, Het Funee, 10 individual houses, Amsterdam 1999 - 2009
Ecologynstead of old nostalgic or pseudobucolic ecology(which freezes landscapes, territories andenvironments), we suggest a bold ecology. Based noonger upon a timid, merely defensive –resistant-non-intervention, but rather upon a non-impositive,projecting and qualifying –restimulating- interventionn synergy with the environment and, also, withechnology.An ecology in which sustainability is interaction.n which nature is also artificial.n which energy is information and technology isvehiclisation.n which to conserve implies always to intervene.
Diller + Scofidio, Blur
SustainabilityEcology >> Active>>nature
Ecoboulevard, Ecosistema Urbano, Madrid2007
Bosco verticale, Studio Boeri, Milano, in costruzionee
IaN+, Re-living the historic center, Biennale di Venezia 2008