Open Source Software     and Libraries:Enabling Arabic Libraries& Creating Opportunities      Massoud M. AlShareef       m...
Why Open Source Software     and Libraries ?
What is an Integrated Library System (ILS) ?                    List
Library Technologies•   Integrated Library System•   Federated Search (MetaSearch)•   OpenURL – COinS•   ILL & Document De...
Library & Archiving Protocols and FormatsFormats ‫أوعية المعلومات‬     Protocols ‫البروتوكوالت‬• MARC21 21‫مارك‬          ...
History of mergers and acquisitions in the library automation industry                                                    ...
OSS and Libraries have in common..• Free Redistribution• Source Code• Derived Works• Integrity of The Authors Source• No D...
Microsoft exec: The world runs on Software  "There is no question that the world runs on software," said  Bob Muglia, pres...
How Libraries understand Open Source Software ?
What is Open Source ?
What is Open Source ?                http://www.opensource.org/docs/osd
What is Open Source ?   process       promise        quality         reliabilityflexibility lower cost             vendor ...
What is Free Software ?     http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/fre    e-sw.html     http://www.opensource.org/docs/d    efini...
What is Open Source Software ?                        http://www.catb.org/~esr/writings/cathedral-                    ...
Open Source Governance
Open Source Community
Open Source CrowdSourcing                Howe, J. (2008). Crowdsourcing: Why the power of the                  crowd is dr...
Who’s Using Open Source?
Open Source in Business
Open Source on the Web
Why should libraries care?
Open Source & Libraries
Open Source & Librarieshttp://www.lugod.org/presentations/oss4lib.pdf          http://www.linux.com/feature/59491place
OSS & Libraries - preserving the intellectual ‘commons’We should reclaim the domain of librarytechnology from the commerci...
OSS and Libraries have in common..• Free Redistribution• Source Code• Derived Works• Integrity of The Authors Source• No D...
Open Source Concerns90K Saudi SoftwareDevelopers (Riyadh)
Isn’t Open Source Risky ?284 days                nine days                                              Quote Monday, Janu...
Isn’t Open Source Risky ?        
Give me a Library OSS example
Koha – Integrated Library Management SystemApril 18th, 2010 by Chris CormackKoha is an active project. Koha Project stats ...
Koha Project Costhttp://www.ohloh.net/p/koha
Maps of libraries: 2000+ Registered Koha ILS Sites                      http://www.librarytechnology.org/map.pl?ILS=Koha
Koha Community
Let’s us take a closer look at  Koha.. and Arabic Koha!
Koha OPAC – Online Public Access CatalogNew titles/recent acquisitions.
Tag CloudUsers can tag items from the search results or item detailspage. Aggregated user tags are then presented as a clo...
Item details screenPatrons can rate items on a 5-star scale. Ratings are thenaggregated across all users and made visible ...
Patron commentsPatrons can log in and write comments/reviews foritems. Reviews are moderated by librarians.
Most Popular Titles/ Topics/ Author/ Type
Shelf browserReaching out for Users who cannot come to Libraries:hello Saudi female Library lovers !!
Shared booklists/recommended readingPatrons can create booklists out of collections of items, which they canthen share wit...
RSS FeedsSearch results and lists of tagged items automatically generate RSS feedswhich can then be used to generate up-to...
Integration with Librarything
Interoperability – Beyond BooksA feature in Koha that does a parallel search of Kete (OSS - communitydigital Library) alon...
Recommendations                                         ‘I really like this book;                                         ...
Interoperability – Beyond Books                            How long Should                            we wait on closed   ...
‫‪Arabic Language Requirements – Searching/ Sorting‬‬‫السوابق واللواحق ‪Pre-fixes/ Post-fixes‬‬‫"أ ، إ ، ا" ,"ه ، ة" ,"و، ...
Koha and the Arabic Language Support
Koha and the Arabic Language Support
ICU - International Components for Unicode
Arabic Koha Community
Give me more examples ofFOSS tools for libraries…
FOSS Tools for Libraries
FOSS Tools for Libraries
FOSS Tools for Libraries
FOSS Tools for Libraries
FOSS Tools for Libraries
FOSS Tools for Libraries
FOSS Tools for Libraries
FOSS Tools for Libraries
FOSS Tools for Libraries
Thank you            Massoud M. AlShareef             massoudalshareef@wordpress.com            KnowledgeWARE Technologies...
Media and Slides Credits  http://www.slideshare.net/nengard/libraries-open-source-freedom-and-community• http://www.slides...
Oss and libraries   enabling arabic libraries and creating opportunities
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Oss and libraries enabling arabic libraries and creating opportunities

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What is Open Source?
Who is using Open Source?
Open Source Community and Governance
Why should libraries care?
Library Software Overview
Open Source and Library Software today
Open Source and Arabic Libraries today
Why should Arabic libraries care even more?
Arabic Library Software Success Stories
Creating Opportunities: Open Source Software should play a role in driving our National ICT Strategy?

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Oss and libraries enabling arabic libraries and creating opportunities

  1. 1. Open Source Software and Libraries:Enabling Arabic Libraries& Creating Opportunities Massoud M. AlShareef massoudalshareef@wordpress.com KnowledgeWARE Technologies SLA 2011
  2. 2. Why Open Source Software and Libraries ?
  3. 3. What is an Integrated Library System (ILS) ? List
  4. 4. Library Technologies• Integrated Library System• Federated Search (MetaSearch)• OpenURL – COinS• ILL & Document Delivery• Ask-a-Librarian – Reference Librarian• Consortia and Union Catalogs• Context Management• Digital Archiving• BI – Business Intelligence• ERM – Electronic Resource Management• (Blogs, RSS, Tags, Wiki, Mashups, etc.)
  5. 5. Library & Archiving Protocols and FormatsFormats ‫أوعية المعلومات‬ Protocols ‫البروتوكوالت‬• MARC21 21‫مارك‬ • Z39.50 / SRU / SRW• Duplin Core • Bath Profile• MARCXML • OpenURL• MODS / MADS • COinS• EAC/ EAD • X12 (EDI)• RDA • SIP2 (RFID, PDA)• FRBR • OAI-PMH • OpenSearch
  6. 6. History of mergers and acquisitions in the library automation industry (Created by Marshall Breeding)
  7. 7. OSS and Libraries have in common..• Free Redistribution• Source Code• Derived Works• Integrity of The Authors Source• No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups• No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor• Distribution of License• License Must Not Be Specific to a Product• License Must Not Restrict Other Software• License Must Be Technology‐Neutral
  8. 8. Microsoft exec: The world runs on Software "There is no question that the world runs on software," said Bob Muglia, president of the server and tools business at Microsoft, in unveiling Visual Studio 2010 at an event in Las Vegas, on APRIL 12, 2010. "Just look around you. Look at everything, look at all the devices we use, the systems we interact with." Everything is powered by software and "developers are the ones who make it all happen," Muglia said. "As I said, software powers the world, so that means that developers are the engine behind what powers the world," he said.
  9. 9. How Libraries understand Open Source Software ?
  10. 10. What is Open Source ?
  11. 11. What is Open Source ? http://www.opensource.org/docs/osd
  12. 12. What is Open Source ? process promise quality reliabilityflexibility lower cost vendor lock-in Jim Whitehurst , President and CEO of Red Hat. http://connect.educause.edu/display/47941
  13. 13. What is Free Software ? http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/fre e-sw.html http://www.opensource.org/docs/d efinition.php
  14. 14. What is Open Source Software ? http://www.catb.org/~esr/writings/cathedral- bazaar/cathedral-bazaar/
  15. 15. Open Source Governance
  16. 16. Open Source Community
  17. 17. Open Source CrowdSourcing Howe, J. (2008). Crowdsourcing: Why the power of the crowd is driving the future of business. New York: Crown Business. p.8
  18. 18. Who’s Using Open Source?
  19. 19. Open Source in Business
  20. 20. Open Source on the Web
  21. 21. Why should libraries care?
  22. 22. Open Source & Libraries
  23. 23. Open Source & Librarieshttp://www.lugod.org/presentations/oss4lib.pdf http://www.linux.com/feature/59491place
  24. 24. OSS & Libraries - preserving the intellectual ‘commons’We should reclaim the domain of librarytechnology from the commercial andproprietary realms Can youthink of any other group of institutions thatshare their stuff the way we do through ILL? -- Lucia, J. http://pln.palinet.org/wiki/index.php/Open_source_plans
  25. 25. OSS and Libraries have in common..• Free Redistribution• Source Code• Derived Works• Integrity of The Authors Source• No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups• No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor• Distribution of License• License Must Not Be Specific to a Product• License Must Not Restrict Other Software• License Must Be Technology‐Neutral
  26. 26. Open Source Concerns90K Saudi SoftwareDevelopers (Riyadh)
  27. 27. Isn’t Open Source Risky ?284 days nine days Quote Monday, January 25, 2010: http://blog.washingtonpost.com/securityfix/2007/01/internet_e xplorer_unsafe_for_2.html
  28. 28. Isn’t Open Source Risky ?  
  29. 29. Give me a Library OSS example
  30. 30. Koha – Integrated Library Management SystemApril 18th, 2010 by Chris CormackKoha is an active project. Koha Project stats to date• 12640 commits• 4773 files• 558966 lines of code• 2636 Bugs fixed• 110 Different people committing• 100’s of translators, translating thousands and thousands of lines
  31. 31. Koha Project Costhttp://www.ohloh.net/p/koha
  32. 32. Maps of libraries: 2000+ Registered Koha ILS Sites http://www.librarytechnology.org/map.pl?ILS=Koha
  33. 33. Koha Community
  34. 34. Let’s us take a closer look at Koha.. and Arabic Koha!
  35. 35. Koha OPAC – Online Public Access CatalogNew titles/recent acquisitions.
  36. 36. Tag CloudUsers can tag items from the search results or item detailspage. Aggregated user tags are then presented as a cloud forother patrons to use.
  37. 37. Item details screenPatrons can rate items on a 5-star scale. Ratings are thenaggregated across all users and made visible to other patrons.
  38. 38. Patron commentsPatrons can log in and write comments/reviews foritems. Reviews are moderated by librarians.
  39. 39. Most Popular Titles/ Topics/ Author/ Type
  40. 40. Shelf browserReaching out for Users who cannot come to Libraries:hello Saudi female Library lovers !!
  41. 41. Shared booklists/recommended readingPatrons can create booklists out of collections of items, which they canthen share with all users. Teachers can use this feature to compilerecommended reading lists for courses.
  42. 42. RSS FeedsSearch results and lists of tagged items automatically generate RSS feedswhich can then be used to generate up-to-date lists.
  43. 43. Integration with Librarything
  44. 44. Interoperability – Beyond BooksA feature in Koha that does a parallel search of Kete (OSS - communitydigital Library) along side search results from its catalog.
  45. 45. Recommendations ‘I really like this book; have you got anything similar?’When looking for people with similar taste, clickrecommendations to see similar items, based on tagging,patron history, subject keywords and rating.
  46. 46. Interoperability – Beyond Books How long Should we wait on closed Commercial Software vendors in order to keep up with new technologies?Kete administrator configured sources (search aggregation sources likeKoha RSS , Twitter, or anything that uses OpenSearch standard).
  47. 47. ‫‪Arabic Language Requirements – Searching/ Sorting‬‬‫السوابق واللواحق ‪Pre-fixes/ Post-fixes‬‬‫"أ ، إ ، ا" ,"ه ، ة" ,"و، ؤ" ,"ي ى“ : ‪• Normalize‬‬ ‫على علي – مدينة مدينه – احمد أحمد‬‫مدينة المدينة بالمدينة فالمدينة للمدينة والمدينة ‪• Multiple Pre-fixes‬‬ ‫ْ‬‫مدينة – كوها كـوهـا ‪• Ignore: Kashida “-” , Vowles‬‬ ‫مـديـنــــــــــــــــة‬‫الـ ‪• Ignore: Alif Laam‬‬ ‫مدينة المدينة‬‫)‪• Original Ali Lamm (Exception‬‬ ‫الكسندر‬ ‫هللا‬‫المشتقات ‪Stemming‬‬ ‫معلم معلمة معلمات معلمان معلمين معلمون‬ ‫علم عالم علوم عليم علماء اعالم‬
  48. 48. Koha and the Arabic Language Support
  49. 49. Koha and the Arabic Language Support
  50. 50. ICU - International Components for Unicode
  51. 51. Arabic Koha Community
  52. 52. Give me more examples ofFOSS tools for libraries…
  53. 53. FOSS Tools for Libraries
  54. 54. FOSS Tools for Libraries
  55. 55. FOSS Tools for Libraries
  56. 56. FOSS Tools for Libraries
  57. 57. FOSS Tools for Libraries
  58. 58. FOSS Tools for Libraries
  59. 59. FOSS Tools for Libraries
  60. 60. FOSS Tools for Libraries
  61. 61. FOSS Tools for Libraries
  62. 62. Thank you Massoud M. AlShareef massoudalshareef@wordpress.com KnowledgeWARE Technologies Int’l FOSST Workshop 2010 April 25, 2010, KACST, RIYADH, KSA
  63. 63. Media and Slides Credits http://www.slideshare.net/nengard/libraries-open-source-freedom-and-community• http://www.slideshare.net/sirexkat/open-source-software-and- libraries?src=related_normal&rel=2753554 http://www.flickr.com/photos/cindy47452/3682949582/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/herzogbr/3993439584/ http://tinyurl.com/3jvumn• Nstolma, Library Openeing 2, http://www.flickr.com/photos/cavort/151687944/• Gwens River City Images http://www.flickr.com/photos/auntie/102849109/
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