Internal Peace and Security Plan (IPSP) and National Security Policy (NSP)

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  • Good afternoon ladies and gentlemen. It is my pleasure to be invited and be with you on this 17th Executive Course on National Security.  Let me take this, likewise, as an opportunity to express, in behalf of the national security establishment, our gratitude to the National Defense College of the Philippines under the leadership of Dr. Fermin De Leon for developing this executive course wherein the participants are expected to be appraised with the current national security issues and concerns. By doing so, we can be assured of a fertile ground to nurture and grow people, in all walks of life, to matter and be involved in the process of pursuing our aspirations as a free, democratic, and secured nation. With that, can I ask all to give some applause for NDCP, now? (APPLAUESE/CLAP)
  • “Understanding Internal Peace and Security Plan or IPSP” is the topic that I have to deal today. But before we can have a healthy discourse and understanding on IPSP, let us come up, first, with a common understanding on: How do we define “National Security”? What is our country’s national security policy, our goals and objectives?
  • Defining national securityWhat is security and what kind of security do we want? These are important questions because security is essentially a broad concept, which can be interpreted in several ways.
  • “Understanding Internal Peace and Security Plan or IPSP” is the topic that I have to deal today. But before we can have a healthy discourse and understanding on IPSP, let us come up, first, with a common understanding on: How do we define “National Security”? What is our country’s national security policy, our goals and objectives?
  • “Understanding Internal Peace and Security Plan or IPSP” is the topic that I have to deal today. But before we can have a healthy discourse and understanding on IPSP, let us come up, first, with a common understanding on: How do we define “National Security”? What is our country’s national security policy, our goals and objectives?
  • “Understanding Internal Peace and Security Plan or IPSP” is the topic that I have to deal today. But before we can have a healthy discourse and understanding on IPSP, let us come up, first, with a common understanding on: How do we define “National Security”? What is our country’s national security policy, our goals and objectives?
  • “Understanding Internal Peace and Security Plan or IPSP” is the topic that I have to deal today. But before we can have a healthy discourse and understanding on IPSP, let us come up, first, with a common understanding on: How do we define “National Security”? What is our country’s national security policy, our goals and objectives?
  • “Understanding Internal Peace and Security Plan or IPSP” is the topic that I have to deal today. But before we can have a healthy discourse and understanding on IPSP, let us come up, first, with a common understanding on: How do we define “National Security”? What is our country’s national security policy, our goals and objectives?
  • “Understanding Internal Peace and Security Plan or IPSP” is the topic that I have to deal today. But before we can have a healthy discourse and understanding on IPSP, let us come up, first, with a common understanding on: How do we define “National Security”? What is our country’s national security policy, our goals and objectives?
  • “Understanding Internal Peace and Security Plan or IPSP” is the topic that I have to deal today. But before we can have a healthy discourse and understanding on IPSP, let us come up, first, with a common understanding on: How do we define “National Security”? What is our country’s national security policy, our goals and objectives?
  • “Understanding Internal Peace and Security Plan or IPSP” is the topic that I have to deal today. But before we can have a healthy discourse and understanding on IPSP, let us come up, first, with a common understanding on: How do we define “National Security”? What is our country’s national security policy, our goals and objectives?
  • “Understanding Internal Peace and Security Plan or IPSP” is the topic that I have to deal today. But before we can have a healthy discourse and understanding on IPSP, let us come up, first, with a common understanding on: How do we define “National Security”? What is our country’s national security policy, our goals and objectives?
  • “Understanding Internal Peace and Security Plan or IPSP” is the topic that I have to deal today. But before we can have a healthy discourse and understanding on IPSP, let us come up, first, with a common understanding on: How do we define “National Security”? What is our country’s national security policy, our goals and objectives?
  • “Understanding Internal Peace and Security Plan or IPSP” is the topic that I have to deal today. But before we can have a healthy discourse and understanding on IPSP, let us come up, first, with a common understanding on: How do we define “National Security”? What is our country’s national security policy, our goals and objectives?
  • “Understanding Internal Peace and Security Plan or IPSP” is the topic that I have to deal today. But before we can have a healthy discourse and understanding on IPSP, let us come up, first, with a common understanding on: How do we define “National Security”? What is our country’s national security policy, our goals and objectives?
  • “Understanding Internal Peace and Security Plan or IPSP” is the topic that I have to deal today. But before we can have a healthy discourse and understanding on IPSP, let us come up, first, with a common understanding on: How do we define “National Security”? What is our country’s national security policy, our goals and objectives?
  • “Understanding Internal Peace and Security Plan or IPSP” is the topic that I have to deal today. But before we can have a healthy discourse and understanding on IPSP, let us come up, first, with a common understanding on: How do we define “National Security”? What is our country’s national security policy, our goals and objectives?
  • “Understanding Internal Peace and Security Plan or IPSP” is the topic that I have to deal today. But before we can have a healthy discourse and understanding on IPSP, let us come up, first, with a common understanding on: How do we define “National Security”? What is our country’s national security policy, our goals and objectives?
  • “Understanding Internal Peace and Security Plan or IPSP” is the topic that I have to deal today. But before we can have a healthy discourse and understanding on IPSP, let us come up, first, with a common understanding on: How do we define “National Security”? What is our country’s national security policy, our goals and objectives?
  • “Understanding Internal Peace and Security Plan or IPSP” is the topic that I have to deal today. But before we can have a healthy discourse and understanding on IPSP, let us come up, first, with a common understanding on: How do we define “National Security”? What is our country’s national security policy, our goals and objectives?
  • “Understanding Internal Peace and Security Plan or IPSP” is the topic that I have to deal today. But before we can have a healthy discourse and understanding on IPSP, let us come up, first, with a common understanding on: How do we define “National Security”? What is our country’s national security policy, our goals and objectives?
  • “Understanding Internal Peace and Security Plan or IPSP” is the topic that I have to deal today. But before we can have a healthy discourse and understanding on IPSP, let us come up, first, with a common understanding on: How do we define “National Security”? What is our country’s national security policy, our goals and objectives?
  • “Understanding Internal Peace and Security Plan or IPSP” is the topic that I have to deal today. But before we can have a healthy discourse and understanding on IPSP, let us come up, first, with a common understanding on: How do we define “National Security”? What is our country’s national security policy, our goals and objectives?
  • “Understanding Internal Peace and Security Plan or IPSP” is the topic that I have to deal today. But before we can have a healthy discourse and understanding on IPSP, let us come up, first, with a common understanding on: How do we define “National Security”? What is our country’s national security policy, our goals and objectives?

Transcript

  • 1. LOCATING THE INTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITY PLAN IN THE NATIONAL SECURITY PLAN Ateneo de Manila University May 30, 2012
  • 2. CONCEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITYNATIONAL SECURITY POLICY, GOALS AND OBJECTIVESINTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITY PLAN (“BAYANIHAN”)
  • 3. CONCEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITYDefining National Security... What is Security? What kind of Security we want?Security is essentially a contested concept,which can be interpreted in several ways.
  • 4. CONCEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY Defining National Security... Traditional Security AgendaWidening of Focus onthe Security military national security wasConcept: security viewed as theWhat is protection of theSecurity? people and geographic territory from physical assault
  • 5. CONCEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY Defining National Security... Traditional Security New Security Agenda AgendaWidening of Focus on concept of security isthe Security military expanded due to :Concept: security  relationships of nationsWhat is  ethnic conflict andSecurity? belligerent states  organized crimes  environmental damage and rapid population growth
  • 6. CONCEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY Defining National Security... Traditional Security New Security Agenda “security can no longer be Agenda understood in purelyWidening of Focus on and non-military security, military terms. Rather itthe Security military including political, must encompassConcept: security economic, society, and economic development,What is environmental security social justices,Security? environmental protection, democratisation, disarmament and respect for human rights and the rule of law.” - UN Sec-Gen Kofi Annan
  • 7. CONCEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY Defining National Security... Traditional Security New Security Agenda AgendaWidening of Focus on and non-military security,the Security military including political,Concept: security economic, society, andWhat is environmental security In addition to the wideningSecurity? of the security agenda, theDeepening of Focus on the nature of military securitythe Security security of has change since theConcept: the state 1990s, particularly in theWhose (state aftermath of 9/11.Security? security)
  • 8. CONCEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY Defining National Security... Traditional Security New Security Agenda AgendaWidening of Focus on and non-military security,the Security military including political,Concept: security economic, society, and Emergence of newWhat is environmental security international security landscape :Security?Deepening of Focus on the  Intra-state warfare  privatisation andthe Security security of criminalisation of conflictConcept: the state  transnational terrorismWhose (state  asymmetrical warfareSecurity? security)
  • 9. CONCEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY Defining National Security... “in the wake of these Traditional conflicts, a new Security New Security Agenda understanding of the concept of security is Agenda evolving. OnceWidening of Focus on and non-military security, synonymous with thethe Security military including political, defense of the territoryConcept: security economic, society, and come to embrace theWhat is environmental security protection of communitiesSecurity? and individuals fromDeepening of Focus on the and the security of the internal violence. Hence the need for a morethe Security security of individual (human human-centered approachConcept: the state security) to security...”Whose (state - UN Millennium ReportSecurity? security)
  • 10. CONCEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY Defining National Security... Traditional Security New Security Agenda AgendaWidening of Focus on and non-military security,the Security military including political,Concept: security economic, society, andWhat is environmental securitySecurity?Deepening of Focus on the and the security of thethe Security security of individual (humanConcept: the state security)Whose (stateSecurity? security)
  • 11. NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY, GOALS ANDCONCEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY OBJECTIVESNATIONAL SECURITY POLICY, GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
  • 12. NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY, GOALS AND OBJECTIVES “the State shall undertake the necessary steps to ensure that the Filipino NationalCommunity’s welfare, well being, ways of life, institutions; territorial integrity; and sovereignty are enhanced and protected.” -National Security Policy (2011 – 2016)
  • 13. NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY, GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
  • 14. NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY, GOALS AND OBJECTIVES Moral-Spiritual Consensus ELEMENTS OF NATIONAL Socio-Political There is moral and SECURITY Stability spiritual consensus There is peace and Socio- on the wisdom and harmony among Economic Political righteousness of Ecological divergent groups of Solidarity Stability the national vision Balance people in the TheCultural is economy and they are The environment Economic Ecological country, and External Peace Cohesiveness strong, capable of Solidarity Balance inspired by their is able to support mutual cooperation and Harmony Thesupporting people share patriotism and sustainable Moral- and support exists The country and the values and national national pride to development Spiritual between the the participate people enjoy beliefs handed endeavors, and Consensus governmentfor the strategies and Territorial down by their cordial relations vigorously in the derives its Cultural Territorial benefit of the the people Integrity with their pursuitandthe forebears and strength from the Cohesivenes Integrity nation of the The territory of possesswho have s neighbors, and country’s goals and people a strong people who sense of theyobjectivesis the country are free from an organic stake depend on it for intact control, attachment to External any and under in it Peace and existence the effectivenational community interference or Harmony control of the threat of despite their Government religious, ethnic aggression from and linguistic any of them differences
  • 15. NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY, GOALS AND OBJECTIVES Socio- Political Stability Territorial Integrity
  • 16. NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY, GOALS AND OBJECTIVES Territorial Integrity West Socio-Political PhilippineOther NS Other NS Sea Issue StabilityElements Elements Internal Armed Conflict Economic Development Poverty Reduction
  • 17. NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY, GOALS AND OBJECTIVES THE STATE SHALL UNDERTAKE THE NECESSARY STEPS TO ENSURE THAT THE FILIPINO NATIONAL COMMUNITY’S WELFARE, WELL BEING, WAYS OF LIFE, INSTITUTIONS, AND TERRITORY AND SOVEREIGNTY ARE ENHANCED AND PROTECTED. CAPACITATE THE PHILIPPINES TO EXERCISE FULL PROMOTE INTERNAL SOCIO-POLITICAL SOVEREIGNTY OVER ITS TERRITORY AND TO PROVIDE STABILITY PROTECTION TO ITS MARITIME AND OTHER STRATEGIC INTERESTS1. CREATE THE ENABLING ENVIRONMENT IN ORDER TO ENSURE THE EFFECTIVE DELIVERY OF BASIC SERVICES, PROTECT OUR NATURAL RESOURCES, AND PROMOTE ECONOMIC RECONSTRUCTION & SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TO WIN THE HEARTS AND MINDS OF THOSE WITH VALID GRIEVANCES AND RETAIN THE ALLEGIANCE OF THE REST OF THE CITIZENRY2. STRENGTHEN THE INTEGRITY OF NATIONAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROMOTE GOOD GOVERNANCE THROUGH REFORMS IN THE SECURITY SECTOR3. PROMOTE THE PEACE PROCESS AS THE CENTERPIECE OF OUR INTERNAL SECURITY PROGRAM4. LAUNCH A HOLISTIC PROGRAM TO COMBAT TERRORISM
  • 18. NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY, GOALS AND OBJECTIVES THE STATE SHALL UNDERTAKE THE NECESSARY STEPS TO ENSURE THAT THE FILIPINO NATIONAL COMMUNITY’S WELFARE, WELL BEING, WAYS OF LIFE, INSTITUTIONS, AND TERRITORY AND SOVEREIGNTY ARE ENHANCED AND PROTECTED. CAPACITATE THE PHILIPPINES TO EXERCISE FULL PROMOTE INTERNAL SOCIO-POLITICAL SOVEREIGNTY OVER ITS TERRITORY AND TO PROVIDE STABILITY PROTECTION TO ITS MARITIME AND OTHER STRATEGIC INTERESTS1. PROMOTE EXTERNAL HARMONIOUS RELATIONSHIPS WITH OUR NEIGHBORS AND THE WORLD AT LARGE2. PURSUE REGIONAL COOPERATION IN VARIOUS AREAS3. ENHANCE OUR COOPERATIVE SECURITY ARRANGEMENTS WITH ALLIES AND NEIGHBORS4. DEVELOP A DEFENSE CAPABILITY TO PROTECT OUR SOVEREIGNTY AND STRATEGIC MARITIME INTERESTS
  • 19. CONCEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITYNATIONAL SECURITY POLICY, GOALS AND OBJECTIVESINTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITY PLAN (“BAYANIHAN”) “creating the enabling environment”INTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITY PLAN (“BAYANIHAN”) “winning the peace” “culture of peace” “security sector reform”
  • 20. INTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITY PLAN (“BAYANIHAN”)  No to “all-out –war”  Give primacy to non- military to address armed rebellion  Conduct focused- military operation in specified targets
  • 21. INTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITY PLAN (“BAYANIHAN”)  AFP takes the backseat  Civilian authorities take lead  IPSP success is hinged on:  political leaders  civilian institutions
  • 22. INTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITY PLAN (“BAYANIHAN”) Focuses on people >>> as opposed to state security Strengthen Strengthen multi- Institutional stakeholder’s Commitments engagement International Human Rule of Law Civilian Private Civil Society HumanitarianRights (HR) (RoL) Authorities Sector Groups Law (IHL)
  • 23. INTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITY PLAN (“BAYANIHAN”) Support peace Support developmental, process environmental protection, disaster risk Professional armed reduction and forces underOBJECTIVES management, and law democratic civilian enforcement activities control Contribute to Defeat the terrorist establish civil groups and allied authorities to take armed threat responsibility groups. Contribute to the resolution of conflict with armed threat groups
  • 24. INTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITY PLAN (“BAYANIHAN”)TIMEFRAME Handling Over Territorial Addressing the Lead Role Defense Armed Conflict to Civilian Focused (2011 – 2013) Authorities Force (2014 -2016)
  • 25. INTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITY PLAN (“BAYANIHAN”) NS Goal: Territorial Integrity  LGU will take AFP Role: the lead inIMPLICATIONS External Defense enforcing peace NS Goal: Socio-Political and order Stability  Military will act AFP Role: as support Internal  LGU will rely on Defense  PNP (“Bayanihan”)  POCs
  • 26. INTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITY PLAN (“BAYANIHAN”) Note on POCs: NS Goal: Territorial Integrity AFP Role:  headed by Local Chief ExecutivesIMPLICATIONS External Defense  Members: NS Goal: Socio-Political  DILG Stability  PNP AFP Role:  AFP  Private Sector Internal Defense  Civil Society (“Bayanihan”)  POCs delegated to the AFP in conflict areas
  • 27. INTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITY PLAN (“BAYANIHAN”) POCs… NS Goal: Territorial Integrity  must be AFP Role: reorganized/IMPLICATIONS External Defense reoriented NS Goal: Socio-Political  Formulate Stability peace and AFP Role: security Internal initiatives that Defense are civilian-lead (“Bayanihan”)  Move away AFP counter- insurgency tool
  • 28. INTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITY PLAN (“BAYANIHAN”) NS Goal: Territorial Integrity AFP Role: Capacitate POCs…IMPLICATIONS External Defense  conflict NS Goal: Socio-Political management Stability  conflict and AFP Role: security Internal analysis Defense  effective (“Bayanihan”) coordination
  • 29. INTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITY PLAN (“BAYANIHAN”) NS Goal: Territorial Integrity AFP Role:IMPLICATIONS External Defense
  • 30. CONCEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITYNATIONAL SECURITY POLICY, GOALS AND OBJECTIVESINTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITY PLAN (“BAYANIHAN”)
  • 31. Way Forward First, launching the IPSP and concretizing it in reality are two different stories Second, IPSP required more synergy and collaboration Third, efforts of the military must be sustained with parallel efforts among civilian government units and private institutions in pursuing unanimity and solidarity in attaining our country’s internal security and peace goals and objectives