Techedafricademystifyingbackuprestoreinsharepoint2007 090805103250 Phpapp02
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SharePoint BackupRestore Considerations

SharePoint BackupRestore Considerations

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  • An example of a warm standby environment utilizing a second SharePoint farm deployed in a secondary data center using SQL Server High Performance Mirroring to replicate only the content databases. During a failover, the content databases are brought online and attached to the existing farm.
  • An example of a straddle farm installed in two closely located data centers. In this example SQL High Availability Mirroring is used to replicate all SharePoint farm databases to a standby SQL server (mirror). The network conditions between the two datacenters allow high throughput and remains supportable. A load balancer solution or DNS directs clients to the active data center.

Techedafricademystifyingbackuprestoreinsharepoint2007 090805103250 Phpapp02 Presentation Transcript

  • 1.
  • 2. Demystifying Backup and Restore for SharePoint
    Joel Oleson
    Sr. Analyst
    @joeloleson
    Quest Software
    Session Code:
  • 3. Who is SharePoint Joel?
    8 year SharePoint Veteran…
    First SharePoint Admin
    Sr. Architect – SharePoint at Quest software
    Top IT SharePoint Blog
    Blog: http://www.sharepointjoel.com
    Twitter: @joeloleson
  • 4. Agenda
    Understanding the problem
    Defining requirements
    Discuss backup & recovery solutions
    Tips & Tricks – Addressing gaps in backup/restore
    Summary and Q&A
    (Compliments to Mike Watson)
  • 5. The problem
    Why is SharePoint Protection Difficult?
  • 6. Why SharePoint Data Protection is Difficult
    • SharePoint is confusing
    • 7. Multiple servers with different roles
    • 8. Different databases
    • 9. Customizations
    • 10. Configurations
    • 11. Logical architecture doesn’t translate into physical components
  • Why SharePoint Data Protection is Difficult
    Competing goals require different solutions:
    Item level recovery
    Disaster Recovery
    High Availability
    Many solutions available. Not obvious what to use:
    SharePoint Native Backup
    SharePoint Designer
    Recycle Bin
    SQL backup
    DPM
    Third-party solutions
  • 12. What in Your SharePoint Environment Needs Protection?
    Do you need to protect all of your farms, servers, services, customizations, and configurations?
  • 13. What do you need to backup
    Your Databases
    All Configuration and settings
    Your Services (Index)
    External Code and Dev assets
  • 14. SharePoint Components
  • 15. The plan
    Policy Driven Backup and Recovery
  • 16. Creating a Backup/Recovery Solution
    Difficult but not impossible!
    What needs to be protected from what scenarios?
    How likely are those scenarios?
    How much data loss can be tolerated?
    How quickly must items/environment be restored?
    Test and price potential solutions.
    Mitigate issues.
    Choose and communicate solution.
  • 17.
  • 18. Protected From What Scenarios?
  • 19. How SLA Affects Your Recovery Plan
  • 20. Recycle Bin with 2 levels of recovery
    End-user targeted with access from the site itself
    Site Administrator (at the Site Collection) accessible at the second level
    Turned on by default through Central Admin
    Configured at the Web Application Level
    The No Brainer…
  • 21. RTO/RPO – Very Important!
    How much data loss can be tolerated?
    How quickly must data/environment be restored?
    RTO/RPO affect:
    The technologies you choose
    The strategies you deploy
    The simplicity/complexity of your solution
    The location of your backups and environments
  • 22. How the "Nines" Relate to Yearly Downtime
  • 23. Backup/Recovery solutions
    Test & Price Potential Solutions
  • 24. Protecting Content
    It’s nearly all about the Content Database!
  • 25. Content Database Protection
    Simple Problem – Difficult Solution
    Endless options:
    SharePoint native backup
    SQL Native backup
    With compression?
    Simple or Full recovery model?
    Full, Differential, Incremental backups?
    Transaction log backups?
    What to store and how long?
    SQL log shipping, mirroring, replication?
    DPM?
    Third-Party backup and replication tools?
  • 26. Content Database Recovery
    Even more difficult!
    SQL database recovery workflow
    Confirm item
    Confirm location
    Track down database backup timeline
    Recover backups (online or offline (tape))
    Position backups (same server/farm, recovery farm)
    Confirm backups are valid
    Restore backups
    Attach backups to SharePoint
    Confirm item is available
    Retrieve item and position for end user
    Recover to original farm
    Recover to a restore farm
    Extract data from SQL.
    Bring DR database online.
  • 27. “I’m planning on using SharePoint’s Native Backup Restore, are there any considerations I should know?
    SharePoint Native Backup/Restore
    SharePoint Native Backup/Restore provides an out of the box base solution
    SharePoint’s Native Backup/Restore is only recommended for Small to Medium Sized Deployments… 
  • 28. STSADM for Operations and Scripting
    Tool for the right job…
    To create a farm backup:
    Use stsadm –o backup -directory
    To migrate a site collection:
    Use stsadm –o backup http://server/site (no directory)
    To migrate a site:
    Use stsadm –o export/import for sites
    To migrate a list:
    Access or Excel or Third party tool
    (watch creator/created date)
  • 29. Characteristics of a Small to Medium-Size Deployment (Data Perspective)
    Site Collections No Larger than 12-15 GB*
    Content Databases No Larger than 100 GB*
    Deployed in up to three tiers, on no more than five servers (one to three front-end Web servers, one application server, and one computer or cluster running Microsoft SQL Server.)*
    *Source: Whitepaper “Data protection and recovery for Office SharePoint Server in small to medium deployments”
  • 30. SharePoint 2007 Native Backup & Restore
    Out of the Box User Interface via Central Administration
    Command line access via STSADM tool
    ‘Hooks up’ SharePoint Databases and Search index on Restore
    Supports Full and Differential Backups*
    Easy to Use
    Backup/Restore at Farm or Web Application Level
    The only way native way to backup/restore the Search index
  • 31. How Native SharePoint Backup Works
    Farm
    Central Admin UI or Console
    File Server
    SQL Backup/Restore
  • 32. SharePoint 2007 Native Backup/Restore
    What’s Missing???
    Does not Provide Scheduling Functionality in SharePoint (Use Windows Task Scheduler)
    Does not Backup any Configurations/Customizations to any files in the “12 Hive” or Web.config files
    Does not Backup IIS Settings/Configurations
    Does not Backup Alternate Access Mappings (AAM)
    Cannot Backup Directly to Tape (only to UNC)
  • 33. SQL-Only Backup/Restore
    “My SQL servers are managed by a separate organization or data center from my SharePoint installations…”
    “I prefer SQL Server Backups for Performance and Availability…”
    Advantages & Benefits:
    Existing SQL Server disaster recovery strategies can be re-used
    Can provider substantially faster Backup/Restore than
    MOSS 2007’s Native Backup/Restore
    Can leverage 3rd party tools such as LiteSpeed for SQL Server to improve Backup/Restore Performance
    Provides a full-fidelity data backup
  • 34. SQL-Only Backup/Restore
    Considerations & Disadvantages:
    Does not Backup any WFE Configurations or Solutions
    Requires Admin to Manually Reattach Content Databases to the Web applications After a Recovery
    Manually Backup / Restore all customizations on WFE Servers (.Net Assemblies, Features, IIS Metabase, etc. – batch file can help automate this process)
    No need to Backup Search Database (As it can’t be synchronized with Search Index)
    Recommend Backup/Restore of SSP separately via SharePoint Native Backup & Restore
  • 35. Why Backup/Restore is Not Highly Available or DR
    Simply not fast enough
    Rate of restore * content size = RTO
    Example:
    100MB/sec * 5TB > 14 hours
    Complicated recovery procedure
    Prone to error
    Some important configurations will likely be lost.
  • 36. Failover SQL Mirroring 2 Farms
  • 37. Mirroring Within Farm
    < 1ms latency
    >LAN speed
  • 38. Third Party Solutions
    There are three main categories:
    Storage Solutions – Replication of content on disk to another storage set or system.
    Backup/Restore – Integrate with SQL, file system, or VSS to provide backup/restore functionality.
    Caching/Synchronization – Use a variety of methods to cache content to a remote store or replicate content across sites/farms.
  • 39. Quick Note on the Infrastructure Update
    Infrastructure update includes some major HA/DR improvements
    Overall improvement in stability/perf (better stored procs)
    Faster patching reduces downtime.
    VSS Writer enhancements improve reliability.
    Full crawls no longer necessary after DB attach:
    Content DB’s do not get assigned new GUID’s !!!!
    Change log remains intact.
    http://support.microsoft.com/kb/953750
  • 40. Tips and tricks
    Mitigating problems with backup/restore solutions
  • 41. Improving Performance of Native Backup
    Co locate the backup share with the largest backup components.
    Ensure the index disk has good read performance. (100MB/sec or better)
    Ensure the backup LUN has good write performance. (100MB/sec or better)
    Ensure database LUN(s) have good read performance. (150MB/sec or better)
    Ensure Gbps connectivity between remote components and backup share. (1Gbps or 100MB/sec)
    Ensure all crawls (including anchor text) are stopped/paused.
  • 42. Using A SQL Connection Alias with SharePoint
    1. SharePoint configured to use SQL1 as default SQL server
    2. Connection Alias defined: SQL1 = SQL1
    3. Upon failover. Connection Alias updated: SQL1 = SQL2
    SQL1
    SQL2
  • 43. Prevent Database Restores
    Use granular protection solutions instead.
    Recycle bin
    List item versioning
    Publishing (page versioning)
    Quick Recovery Tool (like Quest)
    Gaps exist.
    No site or web recycle bin. Use the MSIT Site Delete capture tool http://www.codeplex.com/governance/Release/ProjectReleases.aspx?ReleaseId=14351
    No centralized control over item and page versioning
  • 44. Use Solutions!
    Roll up customizations as solution packages
    Roll up as many customizations into a single package as possible.
    Solutions provide automatic deployment, simplified management, upgrade, and HA/DR efficiencies.
    Store solutions offsite (and on standby farm) with installation instructions.
    Build roll up packages on a regular basis.
  • 45. DEMO: Quest Recovery Manager
    Provides granular and scalable recovery of anything in the backup of your SharePoint 2003 and 2007 content database
  • 46. SharePoint 2010 sneak Peak Video Demo – Backup/Recovery
  • 47. Sneak Peak Video: SharePointFilter out noise 
    video
  • 48. SharePoint 2010 sneak Peak
    Sneak Peak Videos: http://sharepoint.microsoft.com/2010/Sneak_Peek/
  • 49. Summary
    SharePoint Backup/Recovery is tricky, but not impossible.
    Traditional backup/restore is not HA or DR.
    Different requirements sometimes require different solutions.
    Most solutions have issues. Look around for innovative fixes.
    No one solutions meets all needs. Combine solutions when necessary.
  • 50. SharePointForAll.com
    Aggregation of Quest SharePoint Team Feeds
    Unique IT Content
    Migration
    Disaster Recovery/Backup
    • Product Update Drilldown and Webcast Announcements
    Beta access to new SharePoint tools and products!
    DropThis
    Reorg Wizard
    AND MORE!!!
    Quest SharePoint tools discussion forums
  • 51. Watch Out for Killer Bunnies
  • 52. Quest Solutions for SharePoint
    Site Administrator for SharePoint Discover, understand and manage your SharePoint environment
    Quest SQL Server Solutions
    Maximize SQL Server performance while simplifying tasks and providing visibility and control
    Quest Web Parts
    Enable rapid development of SharePoint applications
    Recovery Manager for SharePoint
    Granular SharePoint recovery for enterprise-level needs
    Migration Manager for SharePoint
    SharePoint 2003 to 2007 migration
    File Migrator for SharePoint
    File shares to SharePoint migration
    Public Folder Migrator for SharePoint
    Exchange Public Folders to SharePoint migration
    Notes Migrator for SharePoint
    Notes application content to SharePoint migration
    48
  • 53. Required Slide
    10 pairs of MP3 sunglasses to be won
    Complete a session evaluation and enter to win!
  • 54. Thank You!
  • 55. Required Slide
    © 2009 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries.
    The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • 56. Required Slide
    Speakers,
    TechEd 2009 is not producing
    a DVD. Please announce that
    attendees can access session
    recordings from Tech-Ed website. These will only be available after the event.
    Tech·Ed Africa 2009 sessions will be made available for download the week after the event from: www.tech-ed.co.za
    www.microsoft.com/teched
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