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Comp final

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This presentation explains the different elements of a story.

This presentation explains the different elements of a story.

Published in: Education
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  • 1.  There are several elements that make upa story. These include:› Characters› Setting› Plot› Conflict› Theme
  • 2.  A character is a person, or sometimeseven an animal, who takes part in theaction of a short story or other literarywork.
  • 3. Majorcharacters takepart in most ofthe action andwe see or hearthem oftenMinorcharactersappear lessfrequently andplay smallerroles
  • 4.  Flat Characters – Characters who we donot know much about Round Characters – Characters who weknow everything about Dynamic Characters – Developingthrough the story Static Characters – Stays the samethroughout the story Foils – Characters that contrast eachother
  • 5.  Protagonist – themain character orhero of a story whostruggles with amajor conflict Antagonist – thecharacter whostruggles againstthe protagonist; thevillain
  • 6.  The setting of a short story is the time andplace in which it happens. Authors oftenuse descriptions of landscape, scenery,buildings, seasons or weather to providea strong sense of setting.
  • 7. The setting of astory can be asvague as“London” or asspecific as “ABeach”
  • 8. A plot is a series of events and characteractions that relate to the central conflict.
  • 9.  The conflict is a struggle between twopeople or things in a short story. The maincharacter is usually on one side of thecentral conflict.
  • 10.  On the other side, the main charactermay struggle against another importantcharacter, against the forces of nature,against society, or even againstsomething inside himself or herself(feelings, emotions, illness).
  • 11. Click the books below to learn more aboutinternal & external conflicts!
  • 12.  A theme is the message, lesson, or moralthat an author is communicating througha story. Themes present a deepermeaning to a reader, andrequire you to think aboutwhat you have learnedwhile reading.
  • 13.  Theme is what makes literaturememorable. It may be difficult toremember the characters in a story, butwe will always remember what we havelearned by reading it. The theme is presented as a sentence. Itmay be stated directly, or it may beimplied. Readers build connections with storiesthrough universal themes.
  • 14.  These fables are known for their morals,and usually state the theme in the finalline of the story. Not all morals are stated in the story.Some morals are learned while reading.
  • 15. One hot summer’s day a Fox wasstrolling through an orchard till hecame to a bunch of Grapes justripening on a vine which had beentrained over a lofty branch. “Just thething to quench my thirst,” quoth he.Drawing back a few paces, he took arun and a jump, and just missed thebunch. Turning round again with a One,Two, Three, he jumped up, but with nogreater success. Again and again hetried after the tempting morsel, but atlast had to give it up, and walked awaywith his nose in the air, saying: “I amsure they are sour.”It is easy to despise what you cannotget.
  • 16.  “The Fox and the Grapes” had a THEME thatstated: “it is easy to despise what you cannotget” The Fox was a CHARACTER in the story. The SETTING was an orchard during the summertime. The PLOT consisted of a Fox walking through anorchard, seeing grapes that would quench histhirst, jumping to try to get them, failing, andwalking away from them. The CONFLICT was the Fox vs. nature. He wasunable to reach the grapes that he wanted.
  • 17. Now you’re a professional at knowing whatelements are in a story. All you need toknow are the who, what, where, when,how & why’s of a story. Just rememberthat characters are the people/animals,setting answers where & when, theme isthe moral, plot is what is happening, andthe conflict is the problem!

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