Air Barrier<br />A sheet material used both as vapor retarder and an air barrier. It hinders infiltration of water and air...
Soffit Vent<br />
Attic Ventilation<br />Attics are ventilated not only to allow water vapor to escape but also to keep the house cooler in ...
Attic Vents<br />Gable vent:<br />Roof Turbine<br />
Backhoe<br />Aids in the excavation of soils from point A to Point B on and around a job site. The buckets width is twenty...
Batter Boards<br />Are constructed at least four feet outside of states of the corners of the foundation to allow room for...
Brick Arches<br />Elliptical<br />Segmental<br />
Brick Arches<br />Arch with keystone<br />
Brick<br />Centering: centering is a temporary support to hold the brick until mortar is dry.<br />
Brick Bonds<br />English Bond-Stretchers with headers.<br />Common bond-rows of stretchers.<br />
Bricks Bonds<br />Rowlocks<br />
Brick Bonds<br />Soldiers<br />
Bricks<br />Sailors<br />Shiner<br />
Brick sizes<br />Width=3”5/8<br />Height=2”1/4<br />Length=7”1/2<br />
Brick sizes <br />Width=2”5/8<br />Height=2”3/4<br />Length=7”1/2<br />
Bulldozer<br />Used to start rough site work and also used to carry heavy amounts of soils to stockpiles and other places ...
Cladding<br />Brick Clad- Common Bond<br />
Cladding<br />EIFS<br />Stone Clad<br />
Cladding<br />Wood Shingles<br />
Code Requirements<br />This meets code it’s clear opening of it meets the 5.7 feet square feet egress.<br />This window is...
Concrete Joints<br />An intentional liner discontinuity in a structure or component design to form a plain of weakness whe...
Isolation Joint<br />Separation that allows adjoining parts of a structure to move freely from one another, both in the ho...
CMU=Three Bricks<br />8&quot; x 8&quot; x 16&quot;<br />Concrete block, when reinforced with concrete columns and tie beam...
Concrete Masonry Unit<br />
Decorative CMU<br />Ribbed CMU<br />
Split Face<br />
Doors<br />Panel    Stile   Top rail   Lock rail  Bottom rail<br />
Doors<br />Exterior Flush<br />
Doors<br />Transom: the horizontal lintel or beam across a window, dividing it into stages or heights<br />Sidelight: Is a...
Electrical Components<br />The house <br />Underground Transformer: steps the voltage from the power source before enterin...
Electrical Components<br />Service head: same thing as a transformer but on top of the house, its steps down the voltage.<...
Electrical Components<br />Meter<br />Reads how much power the house or facility is consuming.<br />
Electrical <br />Duplex receptor: allows the person to access the power to turn of lights, fans,etc.<br />
Framing Elements<br />1.Anchor Bolts<br />
Framing Elements<br />2.Sill Plate	<br />3.Floor Joist<br />
Framing Elements<br />4.Sub-Flooring<br />5.Sole Plate<br />
Framing Elements<br />6.Stud<br />7.Top Plate<br />
Framing Elements<br />8.Ceiling Joist<br />9.Rafter<br />
Framing Elements<br />10.Roof Decking<br />11.Sheathing<br />
Framing Elements<br />12.Stringer<br />
Front End Loading<br />is a heavy equipment machine (often used in construction) that is primarily used to &quot;load&quot...
Gypsum Board<br />A common method of constructing interior walls of gypsum plaster pressed between two thick sheets of pap...
Heat Pump<br />Compressor-is a mechanical device that increases the pressure of a gas  by reducing its volume.<br />Evapor...
Installation<br />Loose fill<br />
Insulation<br />Batt-here is put in to keep unwanted air from heating or cooling the wall to the interior rooms.<br />Keep...
Insulation<br />Foam-<br />
Instillation<br />Rigid Board<br />
Lintel<br />where a horizontal member (the lintel—or header) is supported by two vertical posts at either end. This form i...
Mortar<br />Joint #1- Troweled, 3/8 inch, foundation on house, Type M <br />Joint #2- Tooled, 3/8 inch, residential home, ...
Oriented Stranded Board<br />It is not astatically appealing and cannot be a finish product such as sanded down or anythin...
Plumbing<br />Lavatory-Typically a 2” pipe used to drain lavatory.<br />Drop in <br />
Plumbing<br />Water closet<br />3” pipe<br />
Plumbing<br />Shower<br />
Plumbing<br />Roof vent<br />VTR= A tube or small dome mounted near the ridge of the roof to allow passage of air through ...
Bathroom sink<br />Drop in <br />
Plywood<br />Long thin sheets of wood that are glued together.<br />Veneer-thins slices of wood that are glued onto core p...
Radiant Barrier<br />A reflective foil placed adjacent to an air space in a roof or wall assembly as a deterrent to a pass...
Rebar<br />Thickness is 5/8 inch, #5<br />The purpose of this is to form a column to support the next floor.<br />
Steep roof draining<br />	Gutter-A channel that collects rain water and snow melts at the eve of the roof. <br />Downspout...
Splash block<br />Drains the water away from the building.<br />
Steep Roof Material<br />Underlayment – a layer of waterproof material such as felt between roof sheathing and roofing<br />
Clay tiles<br />Shingle: a Type of weather protection and retards water penetration.<br />
Roof Material<br />Wood Shingle<br />Metal Panel roof-Aluminum<br />
Roof Shapes<br />Gable <br />
Roof Shapes<br />Gabrel<br />
Roof Shapes<br />Hip Roof<br />
Mansard <br />
Steep roof terms<br />Ridge – the level intersection of two roof panels<br />Valley – a roof ridge the drains water toward...
Stone<br />Random Rubble Pattern<br />Course rubble pattern<br />
Vapor Retarder<br />
Waterproofing<br />Liquid applied<br />
Weep Hole<br />A small open who’s purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or a...
Welded Wire Fabric<br />A grid of steel rods that are welded together used to reinforce a concrete slab.<br />
Windows <br />Single Hung<br />Casement<br />
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Malleability

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Malleability

  1. 1.
  2. 2. Air Barrier<br />A sheet material used both as vapor retarder and an air barrier. It hinders infiltration of water and air into the building.<br />
  3. 3. Soffit Vent<br />
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation<br />Attics are ventilated not only to allow water vapor to escape but also to keep the house cooler in the summer, by preventing the build up of solar heat conducted through the roofing and the roof sheathing.<br />Ridge vent:<br />
  5. 5. Attic Vents<br />Gable vent:<br />Roof Turbine<br />
  6. 6. Backhoe<br />Aids in the excavation of soils from point A to Point B on and around a job site. The buckets width is twenty-four inches.<br />
  7. 7. Batter Boards<br />Are constructed at least four feet outside of states of the corners of the foundation to allow room for excavation. Strings are stretch across the batter boards and with the use of a plumb bob, jogs on the foundation are staked in or painted on the ground until after excavation.<br />
  8. 8. Brick Arches<br />Elliptical<br />Segmental<br />
  9. 9. Brick Arches<br />Arch with keystone<br />
  10. 10. Brick<br />Centering: centering is a temporary support to hold the brick until mortar is dry.<br />
  11. 11. Brick Bonds<br />English Bond-Stretchers with headers.<br />Common bond-rows of stretchers.<br />
  12. 12. Bricks Bonds<br />Rowlocks<br />
  13. 13. Brick Bonds<br />Soldiers<br />
  14. 14. Bricks<br />Sailors<br />Shiner<br />
  15. 15. Brick sizes<br />Width=3”5/8<br />Height=2”1/4<br />Length=7”1/2<br />
  16. 16. Brick sizes <br />Width=2”5/8<br />Height=2”3/4<br />Length=7”1/2<br />
  17. 17. Bulldozer<br />Used to start rough site work and also used to carry heavy amounts of soils to stockpiles and other places to site.<br />
  18. 18. Cladding<br />Brick Clad- Common Bond<br />
  19. 19. Cladding<br />EIFS<br />Stone Clad<br />
  20. 20. Cladding<br />Wood Shingles<br />
  21. 21. Code Requirements<br />This meets code it’s clear opening of it meets the 5.7 feet square feet egress.<br />This window is 2’ from the floor, and fits inside the max. limit of the code.<br />
  22. 22. Concrete Joints<br />An intentional liner discontinuity in a structure or component design to form a plain of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize cracking elsewhere in the structure.<br />crack<br />
  23. 23. Isolation Joint<br />Separation that allows adjoining parts of a structure to move freely from one another, both in the horizontal and vertical directions.<br />Column isolated from slab<br />
  24. 24. CMU=Three Bricks<br />8&quot; x 8&quot; x 16&quot;<br />Concrete block, when reinforced with concrete columns and tie beams, is a very common building material for the load-bearing walls of buildings<br />
  25. 25. Concrete Masonry Unit<br />
  26. 26. Decorative CMU<br />Ribbed CMU<br />
  27. 27. Split Face<br />
  28. 28. Doors<br />Panel Stile Top rail Lock rail Bottom rail<br />
  29. 29. Doors<br />Exterior Flush<br />
  30. 30. Doors<br />Transom: the horizontal lintel or beam across a window, dividing it into stages or heights<br />Sidelight: Is a window usually with a vertical emphasis, that flanks a door.<br />
  31. 31. Electrical Components<br />The house <br />Underground Transformer: steps the voltage from the power source before entering the house.<br />
  32. 32. Electrical Components<br />Service head: same thing as a transformer but on top of the house, its steps down the voltage.<br />
  33. 33. Electrical Components<br />Meter<br />Reads how much power the house or facility is consuming.<br />
  34. 34. Electrical <br />Duplex receptor: allows the person to access the power to turn of lights, fans,etc.<br />
  35. 35. Framing Elements<br />1.Anchor Bolts<br />
  36. 36. Framing Elements<br />2.Sill Plate <br />3.Floor Joist<br />
  37. 37. Framing Elements<br />4.Sub-Flooring<br />5.Sole Plate<br />
  38. 38. Framing Elements<br />6.Stud<br />7.Top Plate<br />
  39. 39. Framing Elements<br />8.Ceiling Joist<br />9.Rafter<br />
  40. 40. Framing Elements<br />10.Roof Decking<br />11.Sheathing<br />
  41. 41. Framing Elements<br />12.Stringer<br />
  42. 42. Front End Loading<br />is a heavy equipment machine (often used in construction) that is primarily used to &quot;load&quot; material (asphalt, demolition debris, dirt, feed, gravel, logs, raw minerals, recycled material, rock, sand, wood chips, etc.) into or onto another type of machinery (dump truck, conveyor belt, feed-hopper, rail-car, etc.).<br />
  43. 43. Gypsum Board<br />A common method of constructing interior walls of gypsum plaster pressed between two thick sheets of paper, then kiln dried.<br />
  44. 44. Heat Pump<br />Compressor-is a mechanical device that increases the pressure of a gas by reducing its volume.<br />Evaporator-takes air and evaporates it when it becomes moist.<br />
  45. 45. Installation<br />Loose fill<br />
  46. 46. Insulation<br />Batt-here is put in to keep unwanted air from heating or cooling the wall to the interior rooms.<br />Keeps the cold from entering the house and keeps the warm air in when cold <br />
  47. 47. Insulation<br />Foam-<br />
  48. 48. Instillation<br />Rigid Board<br />
  49. 49. Lintel<br />where a horizontal member (the lintel—or header) is supported by two vertical posts at either end. This form is commonly used to support the weight of the structure located above the openings in a bearing wall created by windows and doors.<br />
  50. 50. Mortar<br />Joint #1- Troweled, 3/8 inch, foundation on house, Type M <br />Joint #2- Tooled, 3/8 inch, residential home, type N<br />
  51. 51. Oriented Stranded Board<br />It is not astatically appealing and cannot be a finish product such as sanded down or anything. It is assembled by parts of wood being compressed with glue to create.<br />
  52. 52. Plumbing<br />Lavatory-Typically a 2” pipe used to drain lavatory.<br />Drop in <br />
  53. 53. Plumbing<br />Water closet<br />3” pipe<br />
  54. 54. Plumbing<br />Shower<br />
  55. 55. Plumbing<br />Roof vent<br />VTR= A tube or small dome mounted near the ridge of the roof to allow passage of air through the attic.<br />
  56. 56. Bathroom sink<br />Drop in <br />
  57. 57. Plywood<br />Long thin sheets of wood that are glued together.<br />Veneer-thins slices of wood that are glued onto core panels.<br />
  58. 58. Radiant Barrier<br />A reflective foil placed adjacent to an air space in a roof or wall assembly as a deterrent to a passage of inferred energy.<br />
  59. 59. Rebar<br />Thickness is 5/8 inch, #5<br />The purpose of this is to form a column to support the next floor.<br />
  60. 60. Steep roof draining<br /> Gutter-A channel that collects rain water and snow melts at the eve of the roof. <br />Downspout- a vertical pipe for conducting water from a roof to a lower level.<br />
  61. 61. Splash block<br />Drains the water away from the building.<br />
  62. 62. Steep Roof Material<br />Underlayment – a layer of waterproof material such as felt between roof sheathing and roofing<br />
  63. 63. Clay tiles<br />Shingle: a Type of weather protection and retards water penetration.<br />
  64. 64. Roof Material<br />Wood Shingle<br />Metal Panel roof-Aluminum<br />
  65. 65. Roof Shapes<br />Gable <br />
  66. 66. Roof Shapes<br />Gabrel<br />
  67. 67. Roof Shapes<br />Hip Roof<br />
  68. 68. Mansard <br />
  69. 69. Steep roof terms<br />Ridge – the level intersection of two roof panels<br />Valley – a roof ridge the drains water towards it.<br />Eave – the horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof.<br />Rake – the sloping edge of a steep roof.<br />Soffit – the undersurface of a horizontal element of a building’s roof<br />
  70. 70. Stone<br />Random Rubble Pattern<br />Course rubble pattern<br />
  71. 71. Vapor Retarder<br />
  72. 72. Waterproofing<br />Liquid applied<br />
  73. 73. Weep Hole<br />A small open who’s purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly.<br />Weep hole<br />
  74. 74. Welded Wire Fabric<br />A grid of steel rods that are welded together used to reinforce a concrete slab.<br />
  75. 75. Windows <br />Single Hung<br />Casement<br />

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