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  • 1.
  • 2. Air Barrier
    A sheet material used both as vapor retarder and an air barrier. It hinders infiltration of water and air into the building.
  • 3. Soffit Vent
  • 4. Attic Ventilation
    Attics are ventilated not only to allow water vapor to escape but also to keep the house cooler in the summer, by preventing the build up of solar heat conducted through the roofing and the roof sheathing.
    Ridge vent:
  • 5. Attic Vents
    Gable vent:
    Roof Turbine
  • 6. Backhoe
    Aids in the excavation of soils from point A to Point B on and around a job site. The buckets width is twenty-four inches.
  • 7. Batter Boards
    Are constructed at least four feet outside of states of the corners of the foundation to allow room for excavation. Strings are stretch across the batter boards and with the use of a plumb bob, jogs on the foundation are staked in or painted on the ground until after excavation.
  • 8. Brick Arches
  • 9. Brick Arches
    Arch with keystone
  • 10. Brick
    Centering: centering is a temporary support to hold the brick until mortar is dry.
  • 11. Brick Bonds
    English Bond-Stretchers with headers.
    Common bond-rows of stretchers.
  • 12. Bricks Bonds
  • 13. Brick Bonds
  • 14. Bricks
  • 15. Brick sizes
  • 16. Brick sizes
  • 17. Bulldozer
    Used to start rough site work and also used to carry heavy amounts of soils to stockpiles and other places to site.
  • 18. Cladding
    Brick Clad- Common Bond
  • 19. Cladding
    Stone Clad
  • 20. Cladding
    Wood Shingles
  • 21. Code Requirements
    This meets code it’s clear opening of it meets the 5.7 feet square feet egress.
    This window is 2’ from the floor, and fits inside the max. limit of the code.
  • 22. Concrete Joints
    An intentional liner discontinuity in a structure or component design to form a plain of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize cracking elsewhere in the structure.
  • 23. Isolation Joint
    Separation that allows adjoining parts of a structure to move freely from one another, both in the horizontal and vertical directions.
    Column isolated from slab
  • 24. CMU=Three Bricks
    8" x 8" x 16"
    Concrete block, when reinforced with concrete columns and tie beams, is a very common building material for the load-bearing walls of buildings
  • 25. Concrete Masonry Unit
  • 26. Decorative CMU
    Ribbed CMU
  • 27. Split Face
  • 28. Doors
    Panel Stile Top rail Lock rail Bottom rail
  • 29. Doors
    Exterior Flush
  • 30. Doors
    Transom: the horizontal lintel or beam across a window, dividing it into stages or heights
    Sidelight: Is a window usually with a vertical emphasis, that flanks a door.
  • 31. Electrical Components
    The house
    Underground Transformer: steps the voltage from the power source before entering the house.
  • 32. Electrical Components
    Service head: same thing as a transformer but on top of the house, its steps down the voltage.
  • 33. Electrical Components
    Reads how much power the house or facility is consuming.
  • 34. Electrical
    Duplex receptor: allows the person to access the power to turn of lights, fans,etc.
  • 35. Framing Elements
    1.Anchor Bolts
  • 36. Framing Elements
    2.Sill Plate
    3.Floor Joist
  • 37. Framing Elements
    5.Sole Plate
  • 38. Framing Elements
    7.Top Plate
  • 39. Framing Elements
    8.Ceiling Joist
  • 40. Framing Elements
    10.Roof Decking
  • 41. Framing Elements
  • 42. Front End Loading
    is a heavy equipment machine (often used in construction) that is primarily used to "load" material (asphalt, demolition debris, dirt, feed, gravel, logs, raw minerals, recycled material, rock, sand, wood chips, etc.) into or onto another type of machinery (dump truck, conveyor belt, feed-hopper, rail-car, etc.).
  • 43. Gypsum Board
    A common method of constructing interior walls of gypsum plaster pressed between two thick sheets of paper, then kiln dried.
  • 44. Heat Pump
    Compressor-is a mechanical device that increases the pressure of a gas by reducing its volume.
    Evaporator-takes air and evaporates it when it becomes moist.
  • 45. Installation
    Loose fill
  • 46. Insulation
    Batt-here is put in to keep unwanted air from heating or cooling the wall to the interior rooms.
    Keeps the cold from entering the house and keeps the warm air in when cold
  • 47. Insulation
  • 48. Instillation
    Rigid Board
  • 49. Lintel
    where a horizontal member (the lintel—or header) is supported by two vertical posts at either end. This form is commonly used to support the weight of the structure located above the openings in a bearing wall created by windows and doors.
  • 50. Mortar
    Joint #1- Troweled, 3/8 inch, foundation on house, Type M
    Joint #2- Tooled, 3/8 inch, residential home, type N
  • 51. Oriented Stranded Board
    It is not astatically appealing and cannot be a finish product such as sanded down or anything. It is assembled by parts of wood being compressed with glue to create.
  • 52. Plumbing
    Lavatory-Typically a 2” pipe used to drain lavatory.
    Drop in
  • 53. Plumbing
    Water closet
    3” pipe
  • 54. Plumbing
  • 55. Plumbing
    Roof vent
    VTR= A tube or small dome mounted near the ridge of the roof to allow passage of air through the attic.
  • 56. Bathroom sink
    Drop in
  • 57. Plywood
    Long thin sheets of wood that are glued together.
    Veneer-thins slices of wood that are glued onto core panels.
  • 58. Radiant Barrier
    A reflective foil placed adjacent to an air space in a roof or wall assembly as a deterrent to a passage of inferred energy.
  • 59. Rebar
    Thickness is 5/8 inch, #5
    The purpose of this is to form a column to support the next floor.
  • 60. Steep roof draining
    Gutter-A channel that collects rain water and snow melts at the eve of the roof.
    Downspout- a vertical pipe for conducting water from a roof to a lower level.
  • 61. Splash block
    Drains the water away from the building.
  • 62. Steep Roof Material
    Underlayment – a layer of waterproof material such as felt between roof sheathing and roofing
  • 63. Clay tiles
    Shingle: a Type of weather protection and retards water penetration.
  • 64. Roof Material
    Wood Shingle
    Metal Panel roof-Aluminum
  • 65. Roof Shapes
  • 66. Roof Shapes
  • 67. Roof Shapes
    Hip Roof
  • 68. Mansard
  • 69. Steep roof terms
    Ridge – the level intersection of two roof panels
    Valley – a roof ridge the drains water towards it.
    Eave – the horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof.
    Rake – the sloping edge of a steep roof.
    Soffit – the undersurface of a horizontal element of a building’s roof
  • 70. Stone
    Random Rubble Pattern
    Course rubble pattern
  • 71. Vapor Retarder
  • 72. Waterproofing
    Liquid applied
  • 73. Weep Hole
    A small open who’s purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly.
    Weep hole
  • 74. Welded Wire Fabric
    A grid of steel rods that are welded together used to reinforce a concrete slab.
  • 75. Windows
    Single Hung