Journal editor: use and abuse

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My lecture explains all you need to know about Academic Journal Editors. Role and Responsibility. Including Abusing powe. With great power comes great responsibility.

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Journal editor: use and abuse

  1. 1. Malibu Rohwani *
  2. 2. * *Editor
  3. 3. * *"With great power comes great responsibility“ Peter Parker
  4. 4. * *To decide which papers meet the criteria for scientific excellence and relevance for the community the journal serves *To seek out exciting new areas for publication; identify and solicit thought-provoking and controversial papers *To assure that all submitted manuscripts receive prompt, critical evaluation, and meet or better timeliness goals
  5. 5. * *The instructions to authors will need reviewing to ensure they are up to date with current guidelines. *They should clearly state what is expected of authors and what the editor will do in cases of suspected misconduct such as plagiarism or data fabrication.
  6. 6. * *Editors should work with the journal publisher/editorial office to agree processes for handling submissions that are the most efficient and appropriate for the journal
  7. 7. * *Editors should not be able to publish in their own journal, but they must not exploit their position. *The journal must have a procedure for handling submissions from the editor or members of the editorial board that ensures that peer review is handled independently of the author/editor.
  8. 8. * *Increase Journal’s Impact Factor *Publish own work *Increase own citations
  9. 9. * *Editors may artificially increase their journal’s IF by *(1) Coercive citation: facilitating or even demanding self-citation *(2) increasing editorials with citations, *(3) limiting the total number of articles and/or the number of original papers and increasing the number of review and/or technical articles that are more likely to be *(4) prerelease or timing of publication early during a year thus allowing more time for citation for a given year
  10. 10. * *The World Journal of Gastroenterology *In 2000, the journal received its first impact factor, 0.993. *The next year, in 2001, it increased to 1.445. *In 2002, It increased again to 2.532 and *In 2003 to 3.318.
  11. 11. * *96% of citations contributing to Cereal Research Communications‘ impact factor in 2007 were self-citations.
  12. 12. * *The IF Algorithm The number of times items published in Nature during 2006-2007 were cited in journals during 2008 divided by ____________________________________________ The number of ‘citable’ articles published in Nature in 2006 and 2007 (substantive items, primary research articles, reviews) = a journal publishing lots of ‘non-citable’ items can achieve a higher IF than journals that predominantly publish ‘citable’ items = More Editorials!
  13. 13. * *Editorials *Exempt from peer review *an editor is able to cite many articles from one’s own journal and have it published quickly and without delay.
  14. 14. * *“The NHJ 2012 in retrospect: which articles are cited most?” by E.E. Van der Wall, editor of the Netherlands Heart Journal. *Published in December 2012, the brief editorial contains 25 self-citations to the NHJ, 24 of which cite articles written between 2010 and 2011 — the window from which the journal’s next impact factor will be calculated.
  15. 15. * *Some editors used their journal as a personal vehicle for dissemination and promotion of their own work *December 2008 issue of Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, Five of the articles are written by the editor, Mohamed El Naschie. *In 2008, he wrote 60 papers in the journal. *He has written nearly 300 articles in the journal since its inception.
  16. 16. * *Of the 31 papers not written by El Naschie in the an issue of Chaos, Solitons and Fractals, at least 11 are related to his theories and include 58 citations of his work in the journal.
  17. 17. * * The International Journal of Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation (IJNSNS), founded in 2000 by Ji Huan-He. * In 2008 IJNSNS had an impact factor of 8.91 * Ji-Huan He, the founder and editor-in-chief of IJNSNS, is also an editor of another journal Chaos Solitons and Fractals (CSF). * Both He and El Naschie publish a lot, not only in their own journals but also in each other’s, and they cite each other frequently. * The top-citing author to IJNSNS in 2008 was the journal’s own editor-in-chief, Ji-Huan He, who cited the journal 243 times. * The three editors of the journal account for 29% of the citations counted toward the impact factor.
  18. 18. * *Editorial feedback to corresponding authors to include self-citations *Citation coercion has been experienced by about 20% of academic authors, and younger faculty are more likely to succumb when editors or publishers “request” more journal citations. *While the vast majority of respondents (86%) viewed citation coercion as inappropriate behavior, more than half (57%) indicated that they would consent to the request.
  19. 19. * *Becoming editor or guest editor of a journal *“you cite my article only once in your 40 references. Consequently, I kindly ask you to add references of my articles to your present article”.
  20. 20. * *IEEE OSA Journal of Display Technology *Special Issue Volume 9, Issue 4 (April 2013). *Recent advances in solid state lighting *Guest Editor: Nelson Tansu
  21. 21. * * Effects of H2 in GaN barrier spacer layer of InGaN/GaN multiple quantum- well light-emitting diodes. Lai, W.-C., Yang, Y.-Y. 2013 * 10 citations to Tansu * Investigating the effect of piezoelectric polarization on GaN-based LEDs with different quantum barrier thickness. Wang, C.K., Chiang, T.H., Chen, K.Y., Chiou, Y.Z., Lin, T.K., Chang, S.P., Chang, S.J. * 9 citations to Tansu * Lateral current spreading effect on the efficiency droop in GaN based light-emitting diodes. Huang, S., Fan, B., Chen, Z., Zheng, Z., Luo, H., Wu, Z., Wang, G., Jiang, H. * 8 citations to Tansu * Effect of polarization-matched n-type AlGaInN electron-blocking layer on the optoelectronic properties of blue InGaN light-emitting diodes. Li, Y., Gao, Y., He, M., Zhou, J., Lei, Y., Zhang, L., Zhu, K., Chen, Y. * 11 citations to Tansu
  22. 22. * *All 17 papers have 6-10 citations to Tansu, and all papers are from China, Taiwan and Singapore *A single special issue = 160 citations to Tansu *Journal Editor as a personal vehicle for promotion of their own work and increasing citation
  23. 23. * *Editor position can be abused *To increase journal’s impact factor *To increase Editor’s own publications *To increase Editor’s own citations and h index
  24. 24. *“I wish you all a nice, productive, and citable 2013.”

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