An Exploration of Formal and Informal Learning Flows in LMS 2.0: Case Study Edu 2.0


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An Exploration of Formal and Informal Learning Flows in LMS 2.0: Case Study Edu 2.0

  1. 1. An Exploration of Formal and Informal Learning Flows in LMS 2.0: Case Study Edu 2.0 Malinka Ivanova Technical University – Sofia, Bulgaria Anguelina Popova University of Utrecht, the Netherlands SPeL 2009, 15 September 2009, Milan, Italy
  2. 2. Aim <ul><li>>> To analyze the formal and informal learning flows from the point of view of learning enhancement in Web 2.0 environment </li></ul>
  3. 3. Outline <ul><li>The role of LMS in education </li></ul><ul><li>2.0 meaning for Higher education </li></ul><ul><li>Learning area in LMS 2.0: Edu 2.0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal Learning Space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Course Learning Place </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Recourse Repository </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participation in the community </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Formal and informal learning flows </li></ul><ul><li>Experience sharing and survey analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  4. 4. LMS in Education <ul><li>>> Commercial </li></ul><ul><li>>> Open source </li></ul><ul><li>>> Free hosted </li></ul><ul><li>LMSs are widely used and will continue to grow in many higher education institutions over the world for: planning, delivering, and managing learning events </li></ul>The evolution of LMS market , according to Bersin & Associates, 2009
  5. 5. 2.0 meaning for Higher education
  6. 6. 2.0 >> free hosted >> open >> mashupable >> networking >> communities of practice forming <ul><li>LMS 2.0 - underexplored segment of the expansive territory of eLearning </li></ul>
  7. 7. Method <ul><li>Examination of the main functional characteristics and available social tools in Edu 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Exploration of formal and informal learning experience gathering </li></ul><ul><li>Tracking of students’ learning activities and their arrangement in flows </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of a survey questionnaire on students’ experiences of formal and informal activities </li></ul><ul><li>Results’ analysis </li></ul>
  8. 8. Research questions <ul><li>How should the advantages of LMS 2.0 for learning enhancement be used in the most effective way? </li></ul><ul><li>How could LMS 2.0 social capabilities be integrated into a learning process? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Research questions <ul><li>How could students’ learning experience be improved combining formal and informal learning flows? </li></ul><ul><li>How could student-generated artifacts be incorporated in a formal learning program? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Learning Area in Edu 2.0 <ul><li>The learning area spreads out upon: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(1) personal learning space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(2) course learning place </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(3) public available resource repository </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(4) formed community </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Personal Learning Space >> provides support for students to set and manage their own learning
  12. 12. Personal Learning Space >> contact with educators, classmates, friends and community members to exchange ideas or get advice
  13. 13. Personal Learning Space >> plan and manage learning activities and meetings, record class events and assignment deadlines
  14. 14. Personal Learning Space >> Contact with community members and share personal information
  15. 15. Personal Learning Space <ul><li>>> image and resource sharing as a reflective activity related to: </li></ul><ul><li>student’s current interests </li></ul><ul><li>the course subject matter </li></ul>
  16. 16. Personal Learning Space >> communicate with experts and peers with common interests
  17. 17. Personal Learning Space >> created artifacts and a digital record of the performed learning activities
  18. 18. Personal Learning Space >> stimulating analytical thinking and problem reflecting
  19. 19. Personal Learning Space >> Materials that support learning – private and from the community
  20. 20. Course Learning Place >> Content is aggregated from different social media >> The learning activities can be completed in other Edu 2.0 sections as well as outside the system
  21. 21. Course Learning Place
  22. 22. Course Learning Place
  23. 23. Course Learning Place
  24. 24. Course Learning Place
  25. 25. Course Learning Place
  26. 26. Course Learning Place >> Collaboration and communication section via course blog, wiki, debates, chat
  27. 27. Course Learning Place
  28. 28. Public Resource Repository User-centered resource repository : >> students dynamically use existing and add new content >> it provides a multimedia experience, accumulating various media formats >> it is socially engaging: students can add to favorites and vote about resources >> it is community innovative - it could be modified by community participants
  29. 29. Participation in the Community >> direct access to registered schools, groups, and members >> create and view social profiles, create friends lists, and directly message >> create groups with special interests
  30. 30. Formal and Informal Learning Flows <ul><li>Informal learning flows appear at all four parts of the Learning area </li></ul>
  31. 31. Survey Analysis >> 60 students in 3 groups, average age 22 years, female/male: 30/70% >> Most time is spent in the personal learning space and slightly less in the course learning section >> the networking among students from different groups and among students and educators is well developed >> but not with peers from over the world
  32. 32. Conclusions <ul><li>Our students are surrounded by formal learning forms to this moment at university </li></ul><ul><li>But they use social media in their everyday life without understanding the power for learning </li></ul><ul><li>So, participation in the course focused their attention to: </li></ul><ul><li>How to use social software in formal learning </li></ul><ul><li>How informal interactions could facilitate formal learning? </li></ul>Formalize informal
  33. 33. Conclusions <ul><li>Advantages of the new generation of LMSs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>openness of the learning process (media, content, human capabilities) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>dynamics and interactivity in formal and informal ways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>opportunities for self-regulated and life-long learning </li></ul></ul>BETA
  34. 34. Conclusions <ul><li>There is adhesion between different types of learning flows </li></ul><ul><li>Informal learning flows supplement and enrich the formal learning process </li></ul><ul><li>Formal learning flows are premises for informal learning to occur </li></ul><ul><li>The students’ learning experience was enriched during the course on the subject matter and from a technological point of view </li></ul><ul><li>Several of the artifacts added by students are incorporated in the course’ formal learning - videos, images, links, sites, widgets, interactive posters </li></ul>SOCIAL
  35. 35. <ul><li>For contacts: </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>Thank you for your attention!