Labour law presentation

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Labour law presentation

  1. 1. LABOUR LAW
  2. 2. Lecture Overview • Labour Legislations • Contract Appointment • Working Hours and Conditions • Leaves and Holidays • Children Employment • Labour Disputes • Equal Employment Practices in Pakistan
  3. 3. LABOUR LAW Mediates the relationship between workers (employees), employers, trade unions and the government. Collective labour law relates to the tripartite relationship between employee, employer and union. Individual labour law concerns employees' rights at work and through the contract for work. Employment standards are social norms (in some cases also technical standards) for the minimum socially acceptable conditions under which employees or contractors are allowed to work
  4. 4. HISTORY Labour law arose in parallel with the Industrial Revolution as the relationship between worker and employer changed from small-scale production studios to large-scale factories. As England was the first country to industrialize, it was also the first to face consequences of capitalistic exploitation in a totally unregulated economic framework.
  5. 5. INTERNATIONAL LABOUR LAW The labour movement has long been concerned that economic globalization would weaken worker bargaining power, as their employers could hire workers abroad to avoid domestic labour standards. Karl Marx said: “The extension of the principle of free trade, which induces between nations such a competition that the interest of the workman is liable to be lost sight of and sacrificed in the fierce international race between capitalists, demands that such organizations [unions] should be still further extended and made international”.
  6. 6. INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION (ILO) Following World War 1, ILO Founded on the Principle of “Labour is Not a Commodity” For the reason that “Peace can be established only if it is based upon social justice” WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION (WTO) Because ILO Enforcement mechanism are weak, incorporating labour standards in the WTO operations has been proposed.
  7. 7. WORK IN MULTIPLE COUNTRIES For example: in a UK labour law case, Ravat v Halliburton Manufacturing and Services Ltd Ravat was from the UK but was employed in Libya by a German company that was part of Halliburton. He was dismissed by a supervisor based in Egypt. He was told he would be hired under UK law terms and conditions, and this was arranged by a staffing department in Aberdeen. Under the UK Employment Rights Act 1996 he would have a right to claim unfair dismissal, but the Act left open the question of the statute's territorial scope. The UK Supreme Court held that the principle would be that an expatriate worker, would be subject to UK rules if the worker could show a "close connection" to the UK, which was found in Rabat's case.
  8. 8. LABOUR LAW IN PAKISTAN
  9. 9. The Constitution of Pakistan Part II: Fundamental Rights and Principles of Policy. • Article 11 of the Constitution prohibits all forms of slavery, forced labour and child labour; • Article 17 provides for a fundamental right to exercise the freedom of association and the right to form unions; • Article 18 proscribes the right of its citizens to enter upon any lawful profession or occupation and to conduct any lawful trade or business; • Article 25 lays down the right to equality before the law and prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of sex alone; • Article 37(e) makes provision for securing just and humane conditions of work, ensuring that children and women are not employed in vocations unsuited to their age or sex, and for maternity benefits for women in employment.
  10. 10. LABOUR LEGISILATIONS CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT TERMINATION OF THE CONTRACT
  11. 11. WORKING HOURS PAID LEAVE MATERNITY LEAVE AND MATERNITY PROTECTION OTHER LEAVE ENTITLEMENTS MINIMUM AGE AND PROTECTION OF YOUNG WORKERS EQUALITY PAY ISSUES WORKER’S REPRESENTATION IN ENTERPRISE
  12. 12. TRADE UNION ANF EMPLOYERS ASSOCIATION REGULATION FREEDOM OFASSOCIATION REGISTRATION OF TRADE UNIONS COLLECTIVE BARGAINING AND AGREEMENTS
  13. 13. COLLECTIVE LABOUR DISPUTES COMMENCEMENT OF A DISPUTE CONCILIATION ARBITRATION
  14. 14. STRIKE AND LOCK-OUTS PROCEEDINGS OF STRIKES AND LOCK-OUTS ILLEAGLE STRIKES AND LOCK-OUTS SETTLEMENT OF INDIVIDUAL LABOUR DISPUTES LABOUR COURTS
  15. 15. THANK YOU References: http://www.labourunity.org/labourlaws.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Labour_law

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